EPIC Alert 19.11
E P I C A l e r t
Volume 19.11 June 19, 2012
Published by the
Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC)
"Defend Privacy. Support EPIC."
Table of Contents
 EPIC Argues for Strict Liability Under Driver Privacy Law
 House Considers Surveillance Law Reauthorization;
 EPIC Awards Dinner Honors Franken, Kozinski, Priest, Diffie, Ware
 Congress Set to Expand US Drone Use as
Privacy Questions Linger
 EPIC Urges FTC to Protect Privacy of Myspace Users
 EPIC in the News
 Book Review: 'Talking Back
 Upcoming Conferences and Events
Argues for Strict Liability Under Driver Privacy Law
has filed a "friend of the court" brief in Gordon v. Softech
Int'l. Inc., a case before the US Appeals Court for the Second
that involves liability for resellers of driver information
under the Driver's Privacy Protection Act of 1994, or DPPA. A lower
court ruled that resellers were not "strictly liable" under the DPPA
when a downstream purchaser of driver information misused
the data in
violation of the statue. EPIC's brief argues that strict reseller
liability is necessary to satisfy the statutory purposes
of the DPPA.
The DPPA prohibits knowingly obtaining, using, or disclosing personal
information from a motor vehicle record, except
for special "permitted
uses" described in the statute. The plaintiff in Gordon argued that a
drivers' record reseller who sold
information to a buyer who later used
it impermissibly should be liable under the DPPA. Resellers contended
that no such liability
exists because the buyer "represented"
permissible use at the time the information was disclosed.
EPIC's brief maintains that resellers
should be strictly liable
whenever buyers use driver information impermissibly. Such strict
liability, EPIC argues, "is necessary
to satisfy the statutory
purposes of the DPPA." EPIC similarly contends that without strict
liability resellers will not have an
incentive to adequately control
the circumstances under which they sell driver information obtained
from a state DMV.
v. Softech decision is particularly important in light of
the upcoming US Supreme Court decision in First American Financial
v. Edwards, another case regarding statutory rights granted by
Congress and whether plaintiffs must prove that they have been
injured by a statutory violation. While First American v.
Edwards does not directly involve a privacy statute, it has broad
for privacy and other consumer-protection laws, like the
DPPA, that provide for civil liability and liquidated damages.
EPIC: "Friend of the Court" Brief in Gordon v. Softech (June 15, 2012)
EPIC: Gordon v. Softech International, Inc.
Access Reports: Text of DPPA
EPIC: First American Financial Corp. v. Edwards
 House Considers Surveillance Law Reauthorization; EPIC
The US House Committee on the Judiciary will markup
the FISA Amendments
Act Reauthorization Act of 2012 (FAA) on June 19. The Act authorizes
US government surveillance of international
the private communications of US citizens. Currently, the law provides
little information to Congress
or the public about these surveillance
EPIC Executive Director Marc Rotenberg testified May 31 before the
Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security
about the extension of the FISA Amendments Act of 2008. Some FAA
will sunset at the end of December 2012, and the Obama
Administration has made clear that extending the FAA is a "top
EPIC's Rotenberg called for increased transparency and reporting of
the government's FISA activity and recommended that the decisions
the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court be made public. In
particular, Rotenberg suggested the publication of an annual
report, similar to the comprehensive Wiretap Reports provided each year
by the Administrative Office of the US Courts. Currently
authorizes the US Attorney General to issue an annual public letter to
Congress, but this letter only provides the aggregate
applications made to the Surveillance Court and the number accepted.
EPIC argued that more detailed information is necessary
effective public oversight of FISA authority.
As part of the 2008 amendments, the FAA changed the nature of FISA
by providing for Surveillance Court-authorized "programmatic
surveillance" orders. Programmatic surveillance orders allow
of foreign communications for up to a year without the
need for particular evidence showing that a target is an agent of a
power. These programs must include "targeting" and "data
minimization" procedures approved by the FISC and are subject to
compliance reviews, but the final reports typically are not
made available to the public or to Congress at large. Even the Court's
legal decisions regarding government FISA authority remain largely
The Senate Intelligence Committee has also issued
a report on the FAA
Sunsets Extension Act, which would renew the FAA provisions through
2017. In the report, Senators Ron Wyden
(D-OR) and Mark Udall (D-CO)
conclude "that section 702 [of the Act] currently contains a loophole
that could be used to circumvent
traditional warrant protections and
search for the communications of a potentially large number of American
committee Chair Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) denied the
existence of such a loophole. The first three semi-annual reports of
by the DNI were recently released, but their contents were
US House Judiciary: Markup of FISA Amendments Reauth.
(June 19, 2012)
EPIC: Statement before House on FISA Amendments (May 31, 2012)
Senate Intelligence Cmte.: FAA Sunsets Extension Act (June 7, 2012)
US AG and DIA: Letter to Congressional Leaders re: FISA (Feb. 8, 2012)
US Asst. AG: Annual Letter on FISA Surveillance (Apr. 30, 2012)
Secrecy News: Article on FISA Amendment Loopholes (Jun. 11, 2012)
EPIC: Clapper v. Amnesty International
 EPIC Awards Dinner Honors Franken, Kozinski, Priest,
At the 2012 EPIC Champion of Freedom Dinner
in Washington, DC, Senator
Al Franken (D-MN), Chief Judge Alex Kozinski of the Ninth Circuit Court
of Appeals, and Washington Post
reporter Dana Priest received awards
for the defense of civil liberties and human rights, and for raising
public awareness of new
challenges to privacy.
Senator Franken's award was based on his pursuit of meaningful
legislation on emerging privacy issues,
including a bill to protect
location privacy. Chief Judge Kozinski has striven to defend liberty in
an era of rapidly changing
technology. Dana Priest's investigative
series "Top Secret America" with William Arkin exposed the
exponential post-9/11 growth
of the US intelligence community.
Whitfield Diffie and Willis Ware were also presented with EPIC Lifetime
Achievement Awards. Slate
Magazine's Dahlia Lithwick hosted the event,
and technologists Bruce Schneier and Paul Wolfson made guest
appearances. For International
Privacy Day in January 2012, EPIC
presented technologist Christopher Soghoian with the US Privacy
Champion of Freedom award and
Canadian Privacy Commissioner Jennifer
Stoddart with the International Champion of Freedom Award.
EPIC established the Champion
of Freedom Awards in 2004 to recognize
individuals and organizations that have helped safeguard the right of
privacy with courage
and integrity. Previous recipients include
Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT) (2004), Representative Ed Markey (D-MA)
(2009), Rep. Joe
Barton (R-TX) and former FTC Chair Pamela Jones
Harbour (2010), the Wall Street Journal (2011), and former Miss USA
EPIC: Champion of Freedom 2012
United States Senate: Al Franken
Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals: Chief Judge Alex Kozinski
Washington Post: Dana Priest
US Senate: Location Privacy Protection Act of 2011
The Washington Post: Top Secret America
Stanford University: Whitfield Diffie
Rand Corporation: Willis H. Ware
Slate: Dahlia Lithwick
Bruce Schneier Blog: Biography
Wilmer Hale: Paul Wolfson
 Congress Set to Expand US Drone Use as Privacy Questions
A June 2012 report published by the Senate Armed
recommends the accelerated development and deployment of drones inside
the US. The report calls for increased
collaboration between key
government agencies, including the Federal Aviation Administration and
Department of Defense, in order
to create an environment where drones
operate "freely and routinely" in US national airspace.
A 2012 re-authorization bill for the
Federal Aviation Administration
requires the agency to develop rules governing the operation of
unmanned drones within US borders.
The FAA's official duties include
requirements to promulgate regulations that will ensure a safe and
efficient US airspace. Earlier
in 2012, EPIC, joined by over 100 other
organizations, technical experts, and members of the public, petitioned
the FAA to include
a rulemaking on the privacy implications of domestic
drone use as part of the process by which drones are increasingly
to operate in the US.
Domestic drone use has increased dramatically in recent years; the
cities of Miami, FL, and Conroe, TX, outside
of Houston, have acquired
drones for use by law enforcement. The US Bureau of Customs and Border
Protection owns 10 Predator drones
to operate along US borders at a
cost of approximately $18 million each, with an additional $55.3 million
total for maintenance
and operations. A new Report highlights problems
with the Bureau's drone program. A recent report by the DHS Office of
General concluded that Customs and Border Protection
"needs to improve planning of its unmanned aircraft systems program to
its level of operation, program funding, and resource
requirements, along with stakeholder needs." Despite the CPB's limited
to safeguard the borders, the report demonstrated that CPB
often flies missions for the FBI, the Defense Department, local law
and other agencies. This practice made headlines in
2011 when police in North Dakota used a CPB drone to arrest a US
Rand Paul (R-KY) and Rep. Austin Scott (R-TX) have introduced
identical bills in the Senate and the House designed to limit the use
of drones for surveillance within the US. The bills would require law
enforcement to receive a warrant before conducting any criminal
surveillance of individuals.
EPIC: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and Drones
Senate Armed Services Committee: NDAA 2013 Report (June 4, 2012)
FAA: 2012 Air Transportation Modernization and Safety Improvement Act
EPIC: APA Petition to the FAA (Feb. 24, 2012)
DHS Office of Inspector General: Drone Report (May 30, 2012)
LA Times: Article on Drones in US (Dec. 10, 2011)
FAA: Fact Sheet on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS)
HR 5925: Preserving Freedom from Unwarranted Surveillance Act of 2012
 EPIC Urges FTC to Protect Privacy of Myspace Users
EPIC has submitted comments to the Federal Trade Commission
proposed settlement with social network and music site Myspace. The
settlement follows from allegations that Myspace allowed
to access users' personally identifying information after promising to
keep such information private. In the comments,
EPIC expressed support
for the settlement in general, but recommended several improvements
that would better protect the privacy
of Myspace users.
According to the FTC, Myspace made personal information available to
third parties via a unique user identifier
called a "Friend ID," which
directly accessed personal information from a user's profile.
Advertisers could also link a Friend ID
with a partial history of a
user's browsing activity gathered from advertising cookies. Myspace
allowed these practices despite
promising users that "Myspace will not
share your [personally identifiable information] with third parties
unless you have given
Myspace permission to do so."
The FTC settlement prohibits Myspace from misrepresenting the privacy
or security of users' personal
information, mandates Myspace to
implement a comprehensive privacy program, and requires the site to
obtain biennial assessments
from a "qualified, objective, independent
third-party professional" for the next 20 years.
While EPIC expressed support for the
FTC's settlement, it also
recommended two improvements. EPIC's first recommendation is for the
FTC to make the terms of the Myspace
settlement at least as protective
as the terms of the FTC-Facebook settlement, under which Facebook must
obtain the users' affirmative
consent before sharing data with third
parties. EPIC's second recommendation is for the FTC to require Myspace
to implement practices
consistent with the White House's Consumer
Privacy Bill of Rights. The CPBR contains seven privacy principles -
Transparency, Respect for Context, Security,
Access and Accuracy, Focused Collection, and Accountability -
that could be adapted
to social networking sites like Myspace; for
example, Myspace should give users access to all information that it
keeps about them.
EPIC also recommends that Myspace's privacy audits
be "publicly available to the greatest extent possible."
EPIC: Comments on
FTC-Myspace Settlement (Jun. 8, 2012)
FTC: Settlement with Myspace (May 8, 2012)
FTC: Press Release on Myspace Settlement (May 8, 2012)
FTC: Settlement with Facebook (Nov. 29, 2011)
FTC: Press Release on Facebook Settlement (Nov. 29, 2011)
White House: Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights (Feb. 2012)
EPIC: Federal Trade Commission
EPIC: Social Networking Privacy
 News in Brief
EPIC Asks Ombudsman to Investigate DHS FOIA Practices
EPIC has submitted a letter to the Office of Government Information
asking for an investigation into FOIA practices at the
Department of Homeland Security. EPIC's letter explained that the DHS,
federal agency that also includes the TSA and the Bureau of Customs
and Border Protection, routinely denies fee waivers in circumstances
where the agency knows that the requester properly qualifies. By way
of example, EPIC cited a recent FOIA appeal in which DHS wrongly
denied EPIC a fee waiver request. The letter further stated that the
practice creates additional work for sophisticated FOIA requesters
may, as a practical matter, prevent other requesters from pursuing
important FOIA requests.
EPIC: Letter to OGIS Director
re: DHS FOIA Practices (Jun. 1, 2012)
OGIS: Office of the Ombudsman
EPIC: FOIA Appeal to OGIS (June 1, 2012)
EPIC: DHS Privacy Office
EPIC: "Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws"
IPv6, New Internet Protocol, Launches with Privacy Questions
The Internet Society has announced the world launch of IPv6, which
dramatically expand the number of Internet, or IP, addresses. IPv6
creates fixed IP addresses, allowing routine tracking of
connected devices, such as laptops, cellphones, and soon many consumer
appliances. This will make it easier for law enforcement
advertisers to track users of Internet-based services. A Privacy
Extension allows the use of IPv6 without persistent
it is unclear how widely it will be adopted. In 2008, EPIC testified
before the European Parliament on IP addresses
and privacy, and said
that companies that use IPv6 linked to identifiable users should be
subject to data privacy requirements.
The EU classifies IP addresses as
The Internet Society (ISOC): IPv6
ISOC: IPv6 World Launch Page
IETF: RFC on Privacy Extension for IPv6 (Jan. 2001)
EPIC: Testimony Before EU on IP Addresses and Privacy (Jan. 2008)
EU: Position Paper on IPv6 and Privacy (May 2002)
EPIC: Search Engine Privacy
FCC Issues Stronger Telemarketing Rules to Protect Consumers
The Federal Communications Commission's final rule amending the
Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 regulations is now in
effect. The rule requires "(1) prior express written consent for
autodialed or prerecorded telemarketing calls to wireless numbers and
residential lines; (2) allow[s] consumers to opt out
robocalls during a robocall; (3) limit[s] permissible abandoned calls
on a per-calling campaign basis, in order to discourage
calling campaigns; and (4) exempts prerecorded calls to residential
lines made by health care-related entities governed
by the Health
Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996." EPIC has
previously urged the Commission to require express
consumer consent for
telemarketing calls and to protect wireless subscribers from
Federal Register: FCC Final
Ruling on TCPA Amendment (Jun. 11, 2012)
FCC: Initial Ruling on TCPA Amendment (Feb. 15, 2012)
FCC: Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991
FCC: Rules and Regulations Implementing TCPA (Sept. 2003)
EPIC: Testimony Before FCC on TCPA (Dec. 2002)
EPIC: Testimony Before FCC on TCPA Wireless Amendments (May 11, 2006)
EPIC: Telemarketing and the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA)
Spokeo to Pay FTC $800,000 for Privacy Violations
Data broker Spokeo has agreed to pay $800,000 to settle a complaint
the Federal Trade Commission, in which the FTC found
that Spokeo had marketed data profiles to employers in violation of
privacy law. The complaint alleges that Spokeo violated the
Fair Credit Reporting Act (FRCA) by failing to ensure that collected
consumer information was accurate; failing to ensure that such
information would be used only for legally permissible purposes,
failing to tell users if adverse decisions were made based on the
information. The FTC also alleged that Spokeo created its
endorsements on news and technology websites and represented them as
independent endorsements. The FTC's settlement bans Spokeo
FCRA violations and misrepresentations. In 2004, EPIC successfully
urged the FTC to investigate the compilation and
sale of personal
dossiers by data broker ChoicePoint. That investigation produced a $10M
settlement, the largest in the FTC's history
for a violation of federal
FTC: Press Release on Spokeo Settlement (June 12, 2012)
FTC: Settlement and Consent Order Against Spokeo (June 7, 2012)
EPIC: Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA)
EPIC: Federal Trade Commission
 EPIC in the News
"Upcoming Supreme Court Decision Could Boost Hulu In Privacy Lawsuit."
MediaPost, June 12, 2012.
"Swiss Court Orders Modifications to Google Street View." The New York
Times, June 8, 2012.
"Privacy group says DHS stonewalling on 'electronic frisk' technology
records." Government Security News, June 5, 2012.
"The Words That Scare America-- and China." The Atlantic, June 4, 2012.
"Legal battle over Twitter subpoena heats up." Chicago Tribune, May
"Congress Looking Happy to Reauthorize Broad, Secret Spying Powers."
Wired, May 31, 2012.
"House Judiciary Subcmte. Debates FISA Amendments Reauthorization"
[Video]. C-SPAN, May 31, 2012.
"States fight for drone biz." Salon, May 30, 2012.
"10 weird words on DHS watch list." Politico, May 30, 2012.
For More EPIC in the News:
 Book Review: 'Talking Back to Facebook'
"Talking Back to Facebook: The Common Sense Guide to Raising Kids in
the Digital Age," James P. Steyer
It's almost too easy to go on the defensive after reading "Talking Back
to Facebook," the latest parenting book-cum-tech-diatribe
Sense Media founder and CEO James P. Steyer. Your kids aren't the ones
with bedroom game consoles, are they? Using mobile
phones to send naked
photos? Developing ADHD from too much screen time? Sharing secrets to
be preserved on some remote server in
perpetuity? Because when your
kids are guilty, you're the parental enabler, and Steyer doesn't have
much patience for you.
also too easy to feel smug if you've achieved all or even most
of the "common sense" technology-use principles Steyer lays out for
your child from birth to age 15, the fundamental tenet of which is
"prevent when you can, monitor when you can't."
to Facebook," which includes an enthusiastic foreward by
Common Sense Media board member Chelsea Clinton, is a book that's a
years overdue, now that seemingly every child protected by COPPA
has demanded a Facebook account and a smartphone. Steyer has
parental digital-media conundrums into a neat, memorable set
of problems and solutions. According to Steyer, the core of digital
media's negative effect on children and adolescents is contained in the
acronym "RAP": Relationships, Attention/Addiction, and
Privacy. Part I
of "Talking Back to Facebook" explores the risks and consequences of
children's unlimited and unmonitored digital
media use, from bullying
and promiscuity to obesity and poor grades. Steyer also explores the
less tangible effects of kids' lives
online, including young children
being used as vehicles for new forms advertising and data collection
and the loss of privacy caused
by indefinite data retention.
Part II, or "Parenting 2.0," attempts to provide solutions to Steyer's
bleak set of observations
and study results. His recommendations are a
succinct and easy read, and it's worth looking at all of them, not just
relevant to you. Because they're all probably relevant to you.
The best way to teach your child to turn away from the computer,
says, is to do it yourself: "[W]hen you tune into digital media, use
your Blackberry compulsively, you're sending clear
messages to your
[child] that you may not realize: that she needs to compete with
digital devices for your attention, and that
connected, and often disconnected from the people you're physically
with, is model behavior."
to Facebook" is a necessary, if discomfiting, read
whether you find Steyer a doomsayer or pragmatist. "Tuning in" to the
world around you rather than being "out there" constantly is
a valuable lesson, even if you have to stop reading this - right this
instant - in order to do it.
-- EC Rosenberg
"Litigation Under the Federal
Open Government Laws 2010," edited by
Harry A. Hammitt, Marc Rotenberg, John A. Verdi, Ginger McCall, and Mark
S. Zaid (EPIC 2010).
Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws is the most
comprehensive, authoritative discussion of the federal open access
This updated version includes new material regarding President Obama's
2009 memo on Open Government, Attorney General Holder's
March 2009 memo
on FOIA Guidance, and the new executive order on declassification. The
standard reference work includes in-depth
analysis of litigation under:
the Freedom of Information Act, the Privacy Act, the Federal Advisory
Committee Act, and the Government in the Sunshine Act. The fully updated
2010 volume is the
25th edition of the manual that lawyers, journalists
and researchers have relied on for more than 25 years.
"Information Privacy Law: Cases and Materials, Second Edition" Daniel
J. Solove, Marc Rotenberg, and Paul Schwartz. (Aspen 2005).
This clear, comprehensive introduction to the field of information
privacy law allows instructors to enliven their teaching of fundamental
concepts by addressing both enduring and emerging controversies. The
Second Edition addresses numerous rapidly developing areas of
law, including: identity theft, government data mining and electronic
surveillance law, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance
intelligence sharing, RFID tags, GPS, spyware, web bugs, and more.
Information Privacy Law, Second Edition, builds a cohesive
for an exciting course in this rapidly evolving area of law.
"Privacy & Human Rights
2006: An International Survey of Privacy Laws
and Developments" (EPIC 2007). Price: $75.
This annual report by EPIC and Privacy International provides an
overview of key privacy topics and reviews the state of privacy
75 countries around the world. The report outlines legal protections,
new challenges, and important issues and events relating
Privacy & Human Rights 2006 is the most comprehensive report on privacy
and data protection ever published.
"The Public Voice WSIS Sourcebook: Perspectives on the World Summit on
the Information Society" (EPIC 2004). Price: $40.
This resource promotes a dialogue on the issues, the outcomes, and the
process of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS).
reference guide provides the official UN documents, regional and
issue-oriented perspectives, and recommendations and proposals
future action, as well as a useful list of resources and contacts for
individuals and organizations that wish to become more
involved in the
"The Privacy Law Sourcebook 2004: United States Law, International
and Recent Developments," Marc Rotenberg, editor (EPIC 2005). Price:
The Privacy Law Sourcebook, which has been called the "Physician's Desk
Reference" of the privacy world, is the leading resource
attorneys, researchers, and journalists interested in pursuing privacy
law in the United States and around the world.
It includes the full
texts of major privacy laws and directives such as the Fair Credit
Reporting Act, the Privacy Act, and the OECD
Privacy Guidelines, as
well as an up-to-date section on recent developments. New materials
include the APEC Privacy Framework, the
Video Voyeurism Prevention Act,
and the CAN-SPAM Act.
"Filters and Freedom 2.0: Free Speech Perspectives
on Internet Content
Controls" (EPIC 2001). Price: $20.
A collection of essays, studies, and critiques of Internet content
filtering. These papers are instrumental in explaining why filtering
threatens free expression.
EPIC publications and other books on privacy, open government, free
expression, and constitutional values can be ordered at:
EPIC also publishes EPIC FOIA Notes, which provides brief summaries of
interesting documents obtained
from government agencies under the
Freedom of Information Act.
Subscribe to EPIC FOIA Notes at:
 Upcoming Conferences and Events
The 12th Privacy Enhancing Technologies Symposium (PETS 2012). 11-13
July 2012, Vigo, Spain. For More Information:
CONSENT policy conference: "Perceptions, Privacy and Permissions:
the role of consent in on-lineservices." 6-7 September 2012,
Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Call for papers by 7 June 2012. For More
Amsterdam Privacy Conference. 7-10 October 2012, Amsterdam. For More
34th International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy. 23-25
October 2012, Punta del Este, Uruguay. For more information:
The Public Voice Conference. 22 October 2012, Punta del Este, Uruguay.
For more information: http://www.thepublicvoice.org/.
PIPA Conference 2012: "Privacy on the Go." 1-2 November 2012, Calgary,
Alberta. For More Information: http://privacyconference2012.ca.
"Computers, Privacy and Data Protection: Reloading Data Protection."
23-25 January 2013, Brussels. For More information:
Join EPIC on Facebook and Twitter
Join the Electronic Privacy Information Center on Facebook and Twitter:
Join us on Twitter for #privchat, Tuesdays, 11:00am ET.
Start a discussion on privacy. Let us know your thoughts.
Stay up to date with EPIC's events.
The EPIC Alert mailing list is used only to mail the EPIC Alert and to
send notices about EPIC activities. We do not sell, rent
or share our
mailing list. We also intend to challenge any subpoena or other legal
process seeking access to our mailing list. We
do not enhance (link to
other databases) our mailing list or require your actual name.
In the event you wish to subscribe or unsubscribe
your e-mail address
from this list, please follow the above instructions under "subscription
The Electronic Privacy Information Center is
a public interest research
center in Washington, DC. It was established in 1994 to focus public
attention on emerging privacy issues
such as the Clipper Chip, the
Digital Telephony proposal, national ID cards, medical record privacy,
and the collection and sale
of personal information. EPIC publishes the
EPIC Alert, pursues Freedom of Information Act litigation, and conducts
policy research. For more information, see http://www.epic.org or write
EPIC, 1718 Connecticut Ave. NW,
Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009. +1 202
483 1140 (tel), +1 202 483 1248 (fax).
Donate to EPIC
If you'd like to support the work of the
Electronic Privacy Information
Center, contributions are welcome and fully tax-deductible. Checks
should be made out to "EPIC" and
sent to 1718 Connecticut Ave. NW,
Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009. Or you can contribute online at:
Your contributions will help support Freedom of Information Act and
First Amendment litigation, strong and effective advocacy for the right
of privacy and efforts to oppose government regulation
of encryption and
expanding wiretapping powers.
Thank you for your support.
Subscribe/unsubscribe via web interface:
Back issues are available at:
The EPIC Alert displays best in a fixed-width font, such as Courier.
------------------------- END EPIC Alert 19.11 ------------------------_______________________________________________