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EPIC Alert 19.05 [2012] EPICAlert 5

EPIC Alert 19.05

======================================================================= E P I C A l e r t ======================================================================= Volume 19.05 March 16, 2012 ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Published by the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) Washington, D.C. "Defend Privacy. Support EPIC." ======================================================================= Table of Contents ======================================================================= [1] EPIC Launches 2012 FOIA Gallery, Promotes Open Government [2] EPIC v. NSA: Cybersecurity Secrecy Argument Goes to Appeals Court [3] EPIC Presses Senate on FOIA and Critical Infrastructure [4] EPIC Urges Court to Uphold Location Privacy in Mobile Tracking Case [5] Controversial New Voter ID Laws Passed, Struck Down, Scrutinized [6] News in Brief [7] EPIC in the News [8] Book Review: 'The Emergency State' [9] Upcoming Conferences and Events TAKE ACTION: March 13-17 Is Sunshine Week! - ATTEND a Sunshine Week Event: - KNOW Your FOIA Rights: - READ EPIC's 2012 FOIA Gallery: - SUPPORT EPIC: ======================================================================= [1] EPIC Launches 2012 FOIA Gallery, Promotes Open Government ======================================================================= EPIC has published the 2012 EPIC FOIA Gallery in recognition of Open Government Sunshine Week. The Gallery showcases key documents obtained by EPIC in the past year, including records detailing the FBI's Watch List Guidelines and federal government monitoring of social media. The Gallery also highlights the National Security Agency's attempts to avoid legal obligations under the Freedom of Information Act, or FOIA. EPIC's 2011 FOIA work uncovered details about the FBI's 2010 Watch List Guidelines, as well as hundreds of pages of ongoing disclosures about the Department of Homeland Security's body scanner program, including scanner use at US borders, the operation of "mobile" body scanner devices, and the radiation risks associated with body scanners. DHS also disclosed documents in response to EPIC's FOIA request about the agency's "pre-crime" detection program known as "Future Attribute Screening Technology," or FAST. More recently, documents obtained by EPIC demonstrate how DHS has employed private contractors to monitor public opinion and political dissent via Twitter and other social media. EPIC continues to pursue open government and transparency through FOIA requests and litigation. As part of extensive work on FOIA matters, EPIC publishes "Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws," which serves as a comprehensive, authoritative discussion of FOIA, the Privacy Act, the Federal Advisory Committee Act, and the Government in the Sunshine Act. EPIC: FOIA Gallery 2012 US Justice Department: Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) EPIC: Open Government EPIC Bookstore: 'FOIA 2010' Open Government "Sunshine Week" ======================================================================= [2] EPIC v. NSA: Cybersecurity Secrecy Argument Goes to Appeals Court ======================================================================= The US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia is set to hear oral argument in EPIC v. NSA on March 20, 2012. EPIC Executive Director and Georgetown law school professor Marc Rotenberg will argue the case for EPIC. EPIC is challenging the National Security Agency's response to EPIC's Freedom of Information Act request. EPIC is seeking information about the widely publicized cybersecurity agreement between the NSA and Google that followed the January 2010 China hack. The NSA claimed it "could neither confirm nor deny" the existence of any information about its relations with Google. After the attack, Google's implemented encryption technology for Gmail by default, a privacy safeguard EPIC and technical experts had urged in 2009. EPIC is seeking these documents because such an agreement could reveal that the NSA is developing technical standards that would enable greater surveillance of Internet users. The "Glomar response," to neither confirm nor deny, is a controversial legal doctrine that allows agencies to conceal the existence of records that might otherwise be subject to public disclosure. In the original FOIA request, EPIC asked for All records concerning an agreement or similar basis for collaboration, final or draft, between the NSA and Google regarding cyber security; All records of communication between NSA and Google concerning Gmail, including but not limited to Google's decision to fail to routinely encrypt Gmail messages prior to January 13, 2010; and All records of communications regarding NSA's role in Google's decision regarding the failure to routinely deploy encryption for cloud-based computing service, such as Google Docs. The case is EPIC v. NSA, No. 11-5233 (D.C. Cir. filed Sept. 9, 2011) EPIC: EPIC v. NSA (Google/NSA Relationship) EPIC: Opening Brief in EPIC v. NSA (Jan. 3, 2012) Joint Appendix (Jan. 3, 2012) NSA's Opening Brief (Jan. 26, 2012) EPIC's Reply Brief (Feb. 16, 2012) EPIC: Brief Submitted in EPIC v. NSA (July 8, 2011) EPIC: In re: Google, Inc. and Cloud Computing Services (Mar. 17, 2009) Washington Post: Article on Google and Cyber Attacks (Feb. 4, 2010) Wall Street Journal: Article on Google and Cyber Attacks (Feb. 4, 2010) ======================================================================= [3] EPIC Presses Senate on FOIA and Critical Infrastructure ======================================================================= The US Senate Judiciary Committee held a hearing March 13 on "The Freedom of Information Act: Safeguarding Critical Infrastructure Information and the Public's Right to Know." Two major cybersecurity bills dealing with critical infrastructure information have recently been introduced in the Senate, both of which contain provisions to exempt certain information from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). One of the Senate bills, The SECURE IT Act, also proposes an unprecedented attempt at government secrecy by amending the text of the Freedom of Information Act itself. Both amendments would create exemptions for items including "cyber threat information" and all information shared with a cybersecurity center. In advance of the hearing, EPIC submitted a statement explaining how safeguarding FOIA is critical to ensuring government oversight and accountability. EPIC's statement detailed how FOIA provides the public with important information about safety and security, and also warned that the National Security Agency has become a "black hole" for public information about cybersecurity. The statement drew attention to several NSA programs, including "Perfect Citizen," Internet wiretapping, and even the NSA's own legal authority, which the agency has refused to release to the public. EPIC's statement maintains that "Transparency and accountability in cybersecurity operations will promote security and encourage companies to implement meaningful data practices that reduce the risk of cybersecurity incidents," and that "The NSA's practices in response to requests for information under the Freedom of Information Act paint a picture of an Agency shrouded in secrecy that refuses to disclose even documents that are demonstrably vital to facilitating public involvement in cybersecurity." The Senate hearing featured testimony from Melanie Ann Pustay, US Justice Department Director of Information Policy, and Miriam Nisbet, Director of the Office of Government Information Services (OGIS). OGIS is a public resource for assistance with FOIA requests and is tasked with improving the FOIA process. EPIC: Statement on FOIA and Critical Infrastructure (Mar. 12, 2012) US Senate: Hearing on FOIA and Critical Infrastructure (Mar. 13, 2012) Office of Government Information Services (OGIS) Freedom of Information Act US Senate: Cybersecurity Act of 2012 US Senate: SECURE IT Act EPIC: FOIA Cases ======================================================================= [4] EPIC Urges Court to Uphold Location Privacy in Mobile Tracking Case ======================================================================= EPIC has filed a "friend of the court" brief with the New Jersey Supreme Court, urging the court to uphold Fourth Amendment protections for cell phone users. The issue presented in New Jersey v. Earls is whether the government can constitutionally obtain and use locational information from a suspect's cell phone provider without a warrant under the Fourth Amendment. The appellate court denied the defendant's motion and ruled that the locational tracking was constitutional because the police monitoring took place on public highways. However, the New Jersey Supreme Court may overturn the appellate court's decision in light of the January 2012 US Supreme Court's decision in US v. Jones, in which a majority of the Court concluded that some types of locational tracking, even when done entirely on public highways, can infringe upon a reasonable expectation of privacy. EPIC's brief argues that the lower court opinion should be overturned. The cell phone tracking techniques in New Jersey v. Earls, EPIC maintains, are "more invasive than the GPS tracking in Jones." "Moreover," the brief states, "cell phone tracking occurs on an enormous scale throughout the United States . . . Without robust Fourth Amendment protections, the use of location tracking techniques will allow suspicionless tracking, monitoring, and profiling of Americans without judicial review." A decision is expected later this year. EPIC: "Friend of the Court" Brief in State v. Earls (Feb. 28, 2012) NJ Appellate Court: Decision in State v. Earls (July 11, 2011) US Supreme Court: Decision in US v. Jones (Jan. 23, 2012) EPIC: State v. Earls EPIC: U.S. v. Jones EPIC: Locational Privacy ======================================================================= [5] Controversial New Voter ID Laws Passed, Struck Down, Scrutinized ======================================================================= With the 2012 US presidential election less than eight months away, controversial voter registration and controversial voter ID laws are increasingly coming under scrutiny. A group of US senators recently asked the Government Accountability Office to study the "alarming number" of new state laws that will make it "significantly harder" for millions of eligible voters to cast ballots this November. In their request to the GAO, Senators Patrick Leahy (D-VT), Bernie Sanders (I-VT), Dick Durbin (D-IL), and Bill Nelson (D-FL.) stated that by one estimate, "the enactment of strict voter identification laws directly impacts the 21 million citizens who do not have access to a government-issued ID, the majority of whom are young voters, African-Americans, Hispanics, those earning $35,000 per year or less, and the elderly." The senators also warned that the voter ID laws amount to "de facto poll taxes for many low-income individuals," and requested that the GAO conduct an in-depth investigation. On March 12, the Department of Justice determined that a Texas voter ID law requiring photo identification violates the Voting Rights Act of 1965. The agency found that the Texas voter ID law disproportionately affects Hispanic voters; according to a study, Hispanic voters are between 47% and 120% more likely than non-Hispanic voters to lack acceptable photo identification. The DOJ found that the State of Texas "has not met its burden of proving that . . . the proposed [voter ID law] will not have a retrogressive effect, or that any specific features of the proposed law will prevent or mitigate that retrogression." Even as the DOJ struck down the Texas law, a similarly controversial voter ID law narrowly passed the Virginia legislature. The Virginia law requires a voter to present a valid photo ID or a Social Security card before voting, or else cast a provisional ballot until proper ID is procured. The Virginia law is slated to go into effect later in 2012. EPIC has a long advocated for voter privacy and the unfettered right to vote. In 2010, EPIC filed a "friend of the court" brief in Doe v. Reed, urging the Supreme Court to protect the privacy of those who sign petitions for ballot initiatives. In 2009, then- House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) appointed EPIC Associate Director Lillie Coney to the Election Assistance Commission (EAC) Board of Advisors. In a 2007 statement to the US House Committee on the Judiciary, EPIC cautioned against new photo ID and proof-of-citizenship requirements in federal elections, warning that the requirements could discourage legal voters. Also in 2007, EPIC, along with several legal scholars and technical experts, submitted a "friend of the court" brief to the US Supreme Court in the voting rights case Crawford v. Marion County. EPIC's brief urged the Court to invalidate an Indiana law requiring individuals to show a government-issued photo ID card before voting. Sen. Patrick Leahy: Letter to GAO (Feb. 21, 2012) US DOJ: Voter ID Determination Letter (March 12, 2012) Texas Secretary of State: Explanation of Texas Voting Procedures US Department of Justice: Voting Rights Act of 1965 Virginia General Assembly: Voter ID Bill (Jan. 11, 2012) EPIC: Voter Photo ID and Privacy EPIC: Voting Privacy EPIC: Doe v. Reed United States Election Assistance Commission EPIC: Statement to House Committee on Voter ID (Mar. 7, 2007) EPIC: Crawford v. Marion County Election Board ======================================================================= [6] News in Brief ======================================================================= EPIC Urges DHS to Uphold Privacy Laws in Conducting Technology Research EPIC has submitted comments to the Department of Homeland Security on the agency's document, "The Menlo Report: Ethical Principles Guiding Information and Communication Technology Research." The Menlo Report, as it is commonly known, covers the privacy implications of ethical human subject research in information and communication technologies. EPIC's comments, submitted as part of an agency request for public input, stated that many federal privacy laws, such as the Privacy Act of 1974, already set legal standards for how government agencies should protect personal data. EPIC also strongly urged DHS to abide by federal privacy laws rather than adopt non-binding principles, which are not enforceable and provide few rights for individuals. "Contrary to the Menlo Report's argument," EPIC maintains, "any conflict between Menlo Report principles and applicable law should be resolved in favor of upholding the law." EPIC: Comments to DHS on Menlo Report (Feb. 27, 2012) DHS: The Menlo Report (Sept. 15, 2011) EPIC: DHS Privacy Office EPIC: Privacy Act of 1974 EPIC: Privacy and the Common Rule DHS Privacy Office Releases 2011 Data Mining Report The Department of Homeland Security recently released the DHS "2011 Annual Data Mining Report." The report is required under the Federal Agency Data Mining Report Act of 2007, and must include all of the Agency's current activities that fall within the legislative definition of "data mining." The 2011 DHS report provides information on Secure Flight and Air Cargo Advanced Screening, as well as other developments in and new uses of Automated Targeting Systems in airports. The report also references the agency's programs to profile individuals entering or leaving the country to determine who should be subject to "additional screening." An EPIC FOIA request in 2011 revealed that the FBI's standard for inclusion on the flight watch list is "particularized derogatory information," the definition of which has never been recognized by a court of law. DHS: 2011 Data Mining Report to Congress (Feb. 2012) EPIC: DHS Privacy Office EPIC: FBI Watch List Twitter to Sell Two Years' Worth of Old Tweets Twitter recently announced a deal with Web analytics firm DataSift, authorizing DataSift to sell the content of public tweets posted over the last two years. Companies buying the data from DataSift will be able to market to users based on the topic or location of the tweets; however, DataSift will be required to regularly remove tweets that users delete. Previously, Twitter gave the Library of Congress access to every public tweet since the company's inception in 2006. In 2011, the Federal Trade Commission reached a settlement with Twitter over charges that inadequate security measures allowed computer criminals to gain administrative access to the company. DataSift: "2+ years of Twitter Data" (Feb. 28, 2012) Library of Congress: Blog Post on Tweet Acquisition (Apr. 14, 2010) FTC: Settlement with Twitter (Mar. 11, 2011) EPIC: Social Networking Privacy EPIC: Federal Trade Commission Pew Study Reveals Public's View on Search Engine Data Collection A 2012 study from the Pew Internet & American Life Project has found that search engine users are pleased with the quality of online search, oppose targeted advertising and search results, and are generally anxious about the collection of personal information by search engines. Specifically, 73% of the 2,253 US adults surveyed were opposed to search engines tracking their searches, and 68% opposed behavioral advertising. 83% of respondents reported using Google to conduct searches. In February, EPIC filed a lawsuit to compel the Federal Trade Commission to block Google's consolidation of user data, gathered from more than sixty Google products and services - including Google search - to create a single, comprehensive profile for each user. Pew Research Center: "Search Engine Use 2012" (Mar. 9, 2012) Official Google Blog: Privacy Policy Update (Jan. 24, 2012) EPIC: Search Engine Privacy EPIC: EPIC v. FTC YouTube Video, Blog Post Raise New Questions About Airport Body Scanners A popular new video called "How To Get Anything Through TSA Nude Body Scanners" demonstrates that travelers can easily bypass airport body scanners by hiding materials perpendicular to the plane of the scanning devices. The video, released by privacy blog "TSA Out of Our Pants," also notes that traditional metal detectors, now being removed from US airports, would routinely alert security personnel to the presence of metallic objects. Another recent blog post, this time by a 25-year veteran of the FBI and expert in aviation security, claims that the "TSA has never foiled a terrorist plot or stopped an attack on an airliner" and that "the entire TSA paradigm is flawed." EPIC has challenged the TSA airport scanner program in a federal lawsuit, calling the scanners "invasive, unlawful, and ineffective." YouTube: "How to Get Anything Through TSA Nude Body Scanners" Gman Case File Blog: "TSA Fail" (Jan. 24, 2012) EPIC: EPIC v. DHS (Suspension of Body Scanner Program) HHS Settles Health Privacy Case for $1.5 Million The Department of Health and Human Services Office for Civil Rights (OCR) has announced a settlement with Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Tennessee after the company's inadequate security measures allowed 57 unencrypted hard drives containing private health information to be stolen from a facility in Tennessee. OCR cannot issue a fine greater than $1.5 million under the rule in question. The agency also could have, but did not, file criminal charges or require Blue Cross/Blue Shield to mitigate future patient harms. HHS: Press Release on HIPAA Settlement (Mar. 13, 2012) EPIC: Medical Privacy Privacy Journal Publishes 2012 Privacy Law Compilation Update Privacy Journal has published the 2012 Supplement to the long-time newsletter's "Compilation of State and Federal Privacy Laws." The 2012 supplement lists US and Canadian laws enacted in the past 12 months that affect credit, identity theft, financial records, and tracking technologies. The Supplement costs $29 for a hard copy by paper mail within the US, and $25 for a PDF sent by email. The original book with the supplement included is $39 (hard copy) and $24.50 (PDF). Please order by email or PayPal at Privacy Journal ======================================================================= [7] EPIC in the News ======================================================================= "EPIC Returns to Court Over NSA/Google Relationship." Infosecurity, Mar. 13, 2012. "At CNET's SXSW 'big data' panel, sparks fly over privacy.", Mar. 12, 2012. "Pew: Google Dominates Search, Despite Privacy Concerns." PC Magazine, Mar. 9, 2012.,2817,2401384,00.asp "The government is reading your tweets.", Mar. 9, 2012. "Drones, Dogs and the Future of Privacy.", Mar. 8, 2012. "Homeland Security Is Tracking 100s Of Keywords On Twitter. Are You Being Targeted?", Mar. 5, 2012. "Bono Mack plans privacy hearing." USA Today, Feb. 28, 2012. "France Says Google Privacy Plan Likely Violates European Law." The New York Times, Feb. 28, 2012. For More EPIC in the News: ======================================================================= [8] Book Review: 'The Emergency State' ======================================================================= "The Emergency State: America's Pursuit of Absolute Security at All Costs," David C. Unger David Unger wants to remind you that the US government's war on civil liberties did not begin with George W. Bush and his terrorism-crazed executive branch. Nor did it begin with Richard Nixon's Enemies List and domestic surveillance programs, nor even during the Communist hysteria of the Eisenhower years. In fact, Unger contends, overreaching "executive privilege" in the name of national security has been part of the US political landscape for most of the last century. Presidents as far back as FDR and even Woodrow Wilson have used perceived security threats to bolster US national defense at the expense of both the US economy and the US Constitution - leading to what Unger calls a permanent "emergency state." Unger has been a New York Times international affairs editorial writer for more than three decades. His thesis, while grim, is sound: The toxic mix of security state and what was once quaintly called "the military-industrial complex" is now hopelessly bloated and outdated for 21st-century global and technological challenges. In other words, American foreign policy has "tended to undermine America's own prosperity, living standards, and trade balances at home." It's great to see all this bleak history packed into one book and smoothly rolled into chronological order - but take any given set of facts Unger presents and most readers will find them awfully familiar: Richard Nixon spied on people. Bill Clinton was lackadaisical in promoting civil liberties. The G.W. Bush Administration eviscerated the First and Fourth Amendments. Barack Obama came into office promising to bring change and openness to the American political process and to date has been unwilling or unable to do so. "To date" is an important phrase here, because some of the material feels, in fact, dated (the Libyan air strikes are over; the economy is actually improving). Furthermore, most readers will already know plenty about the privacy- eroding antics of Tricky Dick, Clinton the Compromiser, Reagan the Cold Warrior, JFK the Playboy, LBJ the Deceiver, and the rest of the modern US Presidents, who Unger reduces to simplistic, if accurate, political caricatures. A book like "The Emergency State" should end with a platform for reform, so that readers don't close the book in despair. Unger's suggestions are as good, if as unworkable in the short-term, as anyone's: Scrap the professional military for universal military training. Increase Congressional oversight for operational departments. Improve government transparency, particularly for intelligence and classified information. Unger admits this is not an easy task: "We will have to bring it into being ourselves, reviving the spirit and the institutions of American democracy and recharging them with grassroots energy." "The Emergency State"'s page-flipping ride through the history of the modern security state sometimes reads like a left-leaning high school history textbook. But even as a textbook overview, it's more satisfying and entertaining than most. -- EC Rosenberg ================================ EPIC Publications: "Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws 2010," edited by Harry A. Hammitt, Marc Rotenberg, John A. Verdi, Ginger McCall, and Mark S. Zaid (EPIC 2010). Price: $75 Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws is the most comprehensive, authoritative discussion of the federal open access laws. This updated version includes new material regarding President Obama's 2009 memo on Open Government, Attorney General Holder's March 2009 memo on FOIA Guidance, and the new executive order on declassification. The standard reference work includes in-depth analysis of litigation under: the Freedom of Information Act, the Privacy Act, the Federal Advisory Committee Act, and the Government in the Sunshine Act. The fully updated 2010 volume is the 25th edition of the manual that lawyers, journalists and researchers have relied on for more than 25 years. ================================ "Information Privacy Law: Cases and Materials, Second Edition" Daniel J. Solove, Marc Rotenberg, and Paul Schwartz. (Aspen 2005). Price: $98. This clear, comprehensive introduction to the field of information privacy law allows instructors to enliven their teaching of fundamental concepts by addressing both enduring and emerging controversies. The Second Edition addresses numerous rapidly developing areas of privacy law, including: identity theft, government data mining and electronic surveillance law, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, intelligence sharing, RFID tags, GPS, spyware, web bugs, and more. Information Privacy Law, Second Edition, builds a cohesive foundation for an exciting course in this rapidly evolving area of law. ================================ "Privacy & Human Rights 2006: An International Survey of Privacy Laws and Developments" (EPIC 2007). Price: $75. This annual report by EPIC and Privacy International provides an overview of key privacy topics and reviews the state of privacy in over 75 countries around the world. The report outlines legal protections, new challenges, and important issues and events relating to privacy. Privacy & Human Rights 2006 is the most comprehensive report on privacy and data protection ever published. ================================ "The Public Voice WSIS Sourcebook: Perspectives on the World Summit on the Information Society" (EPIC 2004). Price: $40. This resource promotes a dialogue on the issues, the outcomes, and the process of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). This reference guide provides the official UN documents, regional and issue-oriented perspectives, and recommendations and proposals for future action, as well as a useful list of resources and contacts for individuals and organizations that wish to become more involved in the WSIS process. ================================ "The Privacy Law Sourcebook 2004: United States Law, International Law, and Recent Developments," Marc Rotenberg, editor (EPIC 2005). Price: $40. The Privacy Law Sourcebook, which has been called the "Physician's Desk Reference" of the privacy world, is the leading resource for students, attorneys, researchers, and journalists interested in pursuing privacy law in the United States and around the world. It includes the full texts of major privacy laws and directives such as the Fair Credit Reporting Act, the Privacy Act, and the OECD Privacy Guidelines, as well as an up-to-date section on recent developments. New materials include the APEC Privacy Framework, the Video Voyeurism Prevention Act, and the CAN-SPAM Act. ================================ "Filters and Freedom 2.0: Free Speech Perspectives on Internet Content Controls" (EPIC 2001). Price: $20. A collection of essays, studies, and critiques of Internet content filtering. These papers are instrumental in explaining why filtering threatens free expression. ================================ EPIC publications and other books on privacy, open government, free expression, and constitutional values can be ordered at: EPIC Bookstore ================================ EPIC also publishes EPIC FOIA Notes, which provides brief summaries of interesting documents obtained from government agencies under the Freedom of Information Act. Subscribe to EPIC FOIA Notes at: ======================================================================= [9] Upcoming Conferences and Events ======================================================================= Open Government 'Sunshine Week' is March 11-17: DC Open Government Summit, Presented by the DC Open Government Coalition and the The National Press Club. 13 March 2012, Washington, DC. For More Information: Fifth Annual Freedom of Information Day Celebration, Presented by WCL's Collaboration on Government Secrecy. 16 March, Washington, DC. For More Information: Fourteenth Annual National Freedom of Information Day Conference. 16 March, Washington, DC. For More Information: Contact Ashlie Hampton at, or 202-292-6288. DHS Privacy Office, "Privacy Information for Advocates." 16 March 2012, Arlington, VA. For More Information: Email, or call Steve Richards at 703-235-0352. Symposium on "Internet Privacy: A Culture of Privacy and Trust on the Internet." 26 March 2012, Berlin. For More Information: NYU/Princeton Conference: "Mobile and Location Privacy: A Technology and Policy Dialog." 13 April 2012, New York, NY. For More Information: We Robot 2012: "Setting the Agenda." 21-22 April 2012, Miami, FL. For More Information: ======================================================================= Join EPIC on Facebook and Twitter ======================================================================= Join the Electronic Privacy Information Center on Facebook and Twitter: Join us on Twitter for #privchat, Tuesdays, 11:00am ET. Start a discussion on privacy. Let us know your thoughts. Stay up to date with EPIC's events. Support EPIC. ======================================================================= Privacy Policy ======================================================================= The EPIC Alert mailing list is used only to mail the EPIC Alert and to send notices about EPIC activities. We do not sell, rent or share our mailing list. We also intend to challenge any subpoena or other legal process seeking access to our mailing list. We do not enhance (link to other databases) our mailing list or require your actual name. In the event you wish to subscribe or unsubscribe your e-mail address from this list, please follow the above instructions under "subscription information." ======================================================================= About EPIC ======================================================================= The Electronic Privacy Information Center is a public interest research center in Washington, DC. It was established in 1994 to focus public attention on emerging privacy issues such as the Clipper Chip, the Digital Telephony proposal, national ID cards, medical record privacy, and the collection and sale of personal information. EPIC publishes the EPIC Alert, pursues Freedom of Information Act litigation, and conducts policy research. For more information, see or write EPIC, 1718 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009. +1 202 483 1140 (tel), +1 202 483 1248 (fax). ======================================================================= Donate to EPIC ======================================================================= If you'd like to support the work of the Electronic Privacy Information Center, contributions are welcome and fully tax-deductible. Checks should be made out to "EPIC" and sent to 1718 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009. Or you can contribute online at: Your contributions will help support Freedom of Information Act and First Amendment litigation, strong and effective advocacy for the right of privacy and efforts to oppose government regulation of encryption and expanding wiretapping powers. Thank you for your support. ======================================================================= Subscription Information ======================================================================= Subscribe/unsubscribe via web interface: Back issues are available at: The EPIC Alert displays best in a fixed-width font, such as Courier. ------------------------- END EPIC Alert 19.05 ------------------------

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