E P I C A l e r t
Volume 20.19 October 3, 2013
Published by the
Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC)
"Defend Privacy. Support EPIC."
Table of Contents
 NGOs, Experts, Officials Meet in
Warsaw for Public Voice Conference
 Senators to Intelligence IG: Make Public Report on NSA Surveillance
 FISA Court Releases
Controversial Opinion on NSA Metadata Program
 California Enacts Strong Digital Privacy Law for Minors
 TSA Seeks to Remove
Privacy Act Safeguards for TSA PreCheck
 News in Brief
 EPIC in the News
 EPIC Book Review: "Glass Houses"
Conferences and Events
TAKE ACTION: Tell Facebook: "Stop Changing Our Privacy Settings!"
- READ about the Changes: http://epic.org/redirect/090313-facebook.html
- LEARN More about Facebook Privacy: http://epic.org/privacy/facebook/
- SUPPORT EPIC: http://www.epic.org/donate/
 NGOs, Experts, Officials in Warsaw for Public Voice
Over 70 NGO leaders, privacy experts, and government
around the world gathered in Warsaw, Poland, for the September 24
Public Voice conference, "Our Data, Our Lives."
The Public Voice
conference was held in conjunction with the 35th International
Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners.
documents - the Madrid Privacy Declaration and the "International
Principles on the Application of Human Rights to Communications
Surveillance" - were put forward as vital policy frameworks.
The Warsaw Public Voice conference focused on five major topics:
measuring the impact of the Madrid Declaration of 2009; civil
society's response to the NSA's surveillance program; the
of Internet intermediaries for data protection;
US-EU trade agreement discussions; and NGO strategies for a data
The keynote speech was provided by Jacob
Kohnstamm, Chairman of the EU's Article 29 Working Party. Panelists
privacy officials and advocates from the EU,
and representatives from countries including France, Poland, India,
Public Voice conference participants also attended the
concurrent 35th Annual Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners'
the world's largest annual privacy forum. The Privacy
Commissioners' Conference brings together the highest governmental
and privacy authorities and institutions, as well
as academics, NGOs and other experts. This year's conference
A Compass in Turbulent World." The Privacy
Commissioners adopted several resolutions on important privacy
issues, including web
tracking, profiling, enforcement, and the
societal impact of the proliferation of mobile apps.
EPIC established The Public Voice
coalition 1996 to promote public
participation in decisions concerning the future of the Internet.
The Public Voice has pursued
issues ranging from privacy and
freedom of expression to consumer protection and Internet governance.
Through international conferences,
reports and funding for travel the
Public Voice project seeks to increase the presence of NGOs at
meetings across the globe. In
cooperation with the OECD, UNESCO, and
other international organizations, the Public Voice project brings
civil society leaders
face to face with government officials for
constructive engagement about current policy issues. Public Voice
events have been held
in Buenos Aires, Cape Town, Dubai, Hong Kong,
Honolulu, Kuala Lumpur, Madrid, Mexico City, Ottawa, Paris, Punta
del Este, Seoul,
Tel Aviv, Washington, and Warsaw.
The Public Voice
The Public Voice: "Our Data, Our Lives" (Sep. 24, 2013)
35th Annual Conference of DP/Privacy Commissioners (Sep. 2013)
The 2009 Madrid Declaration (Oct. 2009)
"Principles on the Application of Human Rights to Communications
Surveillance" (Jul. 2013)
Privacy Commissioners: Adopted Resolutions (Sep. 2013)
 Senators to Intelligence IG: Make Public Report on
A bipartisan group of US senators, including
the Chairman and Ranking
Members of the Senate Judiciary Committee, have called for a full-scale
review of the intelligence community's
use of surveillance authority.
In a letter to the Inspector General of the Intelligence Community,
the senators urged the IG to
begin the review "without further delay."
The letter emphasized that the findings and conclusions of this review
be made public
to "help promote greater oversight, transparency, and
The requested report would address activities conducted
215 of the USA PATRIOT Act and Section 702 of the FISA. Section 215
includes the collection of the telephone call
records of hundreds of
millions of Americans. Section 702 includes the PRISM program in which
the NSA received data directly from
leading US Internet companies. The
report would encompass the time period from 2010-2013 and review the
use and implementation
of sections 215 and 702, the applicable
minimization procedures, any improper use of the authorities, and the
that time period.
Immediately after the public release of the 215 order that allowed the
NSA to collect domestic phone records,
EPIC sent a letter to Congress,
including the leadership of the Senate Judiciary Committee, charging
that the National Security
Agency's classified demand of domestic
telephone records was unlawful. EPIC's letter called for the Inspector
General of the Intelligence
Community to investigate domestic
surveillance under the FISA and PATRIOT Act and produce a public,
unclassified report of the
EPIC currently challenging the order for bulk collection of domestic
call records in the Petition for Writ of Mandamus
to the US Supreme
Court. EPIC's petition asks the Supreme Court to vacate the order by
the FISA Court, and is supported by a number
of "friend of the court"
briefs submitted by leading US privacy law scholars. The government's
reply to EPIC's petition is now
due October 11, 2013, after the
Solicitor General of the United States twice requested additional time
(D-VT): Press Release on Letter to IG (Sep. 29, 2013)
EPIC: Letter to Congress re: NSA and Verizon (Jun. 7, 2013)
EPIC: Writ of Mandamus Petition to U.S. Supreme Court (Jul. 8, 2013)
EPIC: In re EPIC - NSA Telephone Records Surveillance
EPIC: Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Reform
EPIC: USA Patriot Act
 FISA Court Releases Controversial Opinion on NSA
The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance
Court has issued a controversial
opinion on the US government's July 2013 renewal application for the
NSA domestic telephone records
program. The FISA Court's opinion
considered the constitutionality and legality of the program, which was
the subject of numerous
hearings, debates, and disclosures earlier in
2013. Since the release of the opinion, legal scholars and privacy
experts have criticized
the Court's analysis of the program,
particularly the holding that all Americans' call records are
"relevant" as defined in the
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.
The opinion came roughly two months after EPIC filed a US Supreme Court
to overturn the FISA Court's prior order.
The FISA Court's published a declassified version of an Amended
Memorandum Opinion issued
by Judge Claire V. Eagan on August 29. The
"Eagan 215 Opinion" was issued subsequent to the Court's July 2013
Order granting the
FBI's renewed 215 application for all telephone call
records. The Eagan 215 Opinion holds that (1) the production of
call records does not violate the Fourth Amendment under
Smith v. Maryland; and (2) that the application for bulk telephone
records satisfies the Section 215 "relevance" standard. The
Opinion also noted that certain members of Congress had been briefed,
or could have been briefed, on the prior FISA Court opinions, and held
that this implied a legislative re-enactment or ratification
FISC's prior "relevance" interpretation in 2011.
EPIC challenged the prior FISA Court Order for bulk collection of all
Verizon call records in its Supreme Court Mandamus Petition, In re
EPIC, in July 2013. EPIC's petition argued that the FISA simply
not authorize the bulk collection of domestic call records, the
majority of which are not relevant to any national security
investigation. The Solicitor General is scheduled to respond to EPIC on
October 11, 2013, and EPIC will have an opportunity to
file a reply
brief within 30 days.
FISA Court: Opinion on PATRIOT Act Section 215 (Sep. 17, 2013)
EPIC: In re EPIC
EPIC: Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA)
 California Enacts Strong Digital Privacy Law
California Governor Jerry Brown has signed
into law the "Privacy Rights
for California Minors in the Digital World" Act. The law, which goes
into effect Jan. 1, 2015, sets
out a broad range of online privacy
rights for minors, in particular prohibiting "An operator of an
Internet Web site, online service,
online application, or mobile
application directed to minors" from marketing to them.
The Act has two main provisions. The first
prohibits both the marketing
of specified products to minors and "using, disclosing, compiling, or
allowing a 3d party to use,
disclose, or compile, the personal
information of a minor for the purpose of marketing or advertising
specified types of products
or services." The second provision allows
minors "to request and obtain removal of, content or information posted
on the operator's
Internet Web site, online service, online application,
or mobile application by the user" as well as providing users with
on how to remove the data. Exceptions are made for data
necessary to a law enforcement investigation, if the data is anonymized,
or if the minor does not follow the instructions given.
EPIC has long advocated for the privacy rights of children, testifying
before the US House in 1996 in support of the Children's Online Privacy
Protection Act (COPPA). In 2010, EPIC testified before
the US Senate
that COPPA was critical to protect the privacy of children but that
updates were also essential in light of new business
emergence of social networks, and smartphone apps.
EPIC also wrote comments to the FTC in 2011, supporting stronger
regulations to protect children's online data. This led to the FTC
updating COPPA in 2012, expanding the definition of "personal
information" to include geolocational information and persistent
identifiers, or "cookies."
State of CA: "Privacy Rights for
CA Minors in the Digital World"
Act (Sep. 23, 2013)
EPIC: Testimony before US House on COPPA (Sep. 12. 1996)
EPIC: Testimony before US Senate on COPPA (Apr. 29, 2010)
EPIC: Comments to FTC Supporting COPPA Rule (Dec. 23, 2011)
FTC: Press Release on COPPA Updates (Dec. 2012)
EPIC: Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA)
 TSA Seeks to Remove Privacy Act Safeguards for TSA
The Transportation Security Administration has
proposed to exempt a new
TSA PreCheck database from important Privacy Act safeguards. PreCheck
is a program that grants expedited
screening to certain travelers.
The database contains personally identifiable information, including
names, birthdates, biometric
information, Social Security Numbers, and
individual financial data. Comments on the proposed exemptions are due
October 11, 2013.
To apply for TSA PreCheck, individuals must submit biographic and
biometric information, including fingerprints. TSA then performs
"security threat assessment to identify individuals who present a low
risk to transportation security." TSA gives "low risk"
Known Traveler Number that passengers provide to the airline when
making flight reservations. The airline sends passenger
including name, gender, date of birth, itinerary information, and Known
Traveler Number back to the TSA, which compares
against various watch lists. After performing a watch list comparison,
TSA determines "whether individual passengers
will receive expedited,
standard, or enhanced screening will be indicated on the passenger's
The TSA proposes
to disclose TSA PreCheck applicant information to
federal, state, tribal, local, territorial, and foreign governmental
The TSA also proposes to exempt these records from the
notification, inspection, and correction provisions of the federal
Act, the primary law protecting personal information held by
the federal government. TSA has previously deployed controversial
"registered" and "trusted traveler programs" that it later exempted
from the Privacy Act. In 2005, TSA partnered with Verified Identity
Pass, Inc. to implement "Clear," a registered traveler program. Clear
collected most of the same sensitive information that TSA
maintain in the TSA PreCheck database. In 2009, Verified Identity
declared bankruptcy while in possession of passenger
EPIC has a longstanding commitment to protecting air traveler privacy
and defending the Privacy
Act. EPIC previously testified before
Congress that traveler screening procedures should follow all Privacy
Act requirements. EPIC
also submitted comments to Customs and Border
Protection, a component of the Department of Homeland Security, urging
to suspend the Automated Targeting System. Although the ATS
was created to screen shipping cargo, the TSA now uses it to monitor
air travelers and other individuals, and creates "risk-assessment"
profiles on Americans who are not suspected of any crime.
Fed. Register: PreCheck Application Proposed Rulemaking (Sep. 11, 2013)
Fed. Register: TSA Application Program SORN (Sep. 10, 2013)
TSA: TSA PreCheck
Fed. Register: ecure Flight Records Privacy Act Notice (Sept. 10, 2013)
EPIC: Clear Registered Traveler Data
EPIC: Registered Traveler Card: A Privatized Passenger ID (Oct. 2005)
EPIC: Testimony on "The Future of Registered Traveler" (2005)
EPIC: Comments on the Automated Targeting System (Jun. 21, 2012)
EPIC: Air Travel Privacy
EPIC: Passenger Profiling
 News in Brief
EPIC FOIA: No Evidence of NSA Interference with Tor Network
In response to a Freedom of Information Act request to the Broadcasting
Board of Governors, EPIC has received 74 pages of documents that
reveal no evidence that the NSA attempted
to undermine the security or
reliability of the Tor network. Recent news reports show a concerted
effort by the National Security
Agency to compromise cryptographic
standards set by the National Institute of Standards and Technology
as well as encryption for
Android, iPhone, and BlackBerry smartphones.
The NSA and FBI have also targeted the communications of Tor users.
EPIC will continue
to pursue FOIA requests that shed light on the
efforts of the intelligence community to undermine cryptographic
FOIA Request to BBG re: Tor (May 31, 2013)
EPIC: FOIA Documents on Tor (Sept. 12, 2013)
NY Times: Article on NSA and Encryption (Sep. 5, 2013)
Spiegel: "iSpy: How the NSA Accesses Smartphone Data" (Sep. 9, 2013)
Guardian: "NSA surveillance: A guide to staying secure" (Sep. 6, 2013)
EPIC: EPIC v. BBG - Tor
In EPIC FOIA lawsuit, ODNI Submits Documents for Court Review
Following EPIC's motion in a FOIA case against the Office of
Director of National Intelligence, the ODNI has submitted 21
disputed documents to a federal court on the consolidation of
databases that contain detailed personal information on US persons.
The documents are among those that EPIC requested through the
Freedom of Information Act. ODNI initially withheld the documents
and EPIC filed a lawsuit challenging the decision. EPIC is seeking
the documents to determine
whether the agency is complying with the
Privacy Act. A federal judge ordered ODNI to produce the documents
for the court's examination.
ODNI: Notice of In Camera Review of Disputed Documents (Sep. 24, 2013)
EPIC: FOIA Suit Against ODNI (Aug. 1, 2012)
EPIC: EPIC v. ODNI
MacArthur Foundation Withdraws From Consumer Cy Pres Settlement
The prestigious MacArthur Foundation has asked to be removed
controversial consumer privacy settlement. The foundation noted that it
was not an appropriate cy pres recipient and asked
that the funds be
"redirected to other non-profit organizations engaged in the underlying
issues." Consumer privacy organizations,
including EPIC, have opposed
the settlement in Fraley v. Facebook, stating that it violates a 2011
consent order with the Federal
Trade Commission and that the cy pres
allocations proposed do not reflect the interests of the class or the
purpose of the litigation.
A recent survey by Gigaom found that many of
the named recipient organizations are funded by Facebook and have no
plans to assist
class members. Public Citizen has appealed the
settlement to the Ninth Circuit Court. The Federal Trade Commission
has opened an
investigation and Facebook has suspended implementation
of the proposed privacy changes that would result from the settlement.
Gigaom: Blog Post on Facebook Settlement (Sep. 19, 2013)
EPIC: Letter to Judge re: Google Settlement (Aug. 22, 2013)
FTC: Press Release on Facebook Consent Order (Nov. 26, 2011)
Public Citizen: Press Release on Facebook Settlement (Sep. 24, 2013)
Facebook: Post on Delay of Changes to Governing Docs (Aug. 29, 2013)
EPIC: Letter to 9th Circuit re: Facebook Settlement (Jul. 12, 2012)
Sen. Franken Questions Apple on iPhone Fingerprint Scanning
Senator Al Franken (D-MN) has raised questions about the privacy
security implications of the fingerprint reader on Apple's new iPhone
5S. "If someone hacks your password, you can change it--as
as you want. You can't change your fingerprints," Senator Franken
wrote. Franken also pressed Apple for additional details
protection available to users against law enforcement access to
biometric data. In Congressional testimony, EPIC warned
identifiers will "allow for greater data collection and tracking of
Sen. Franken: Release on iPhone
Fingerprint Reader (Sep. 24, 2013)
EPIC: Comments to Congress on Biometric Identifiers (Jul. 18, 2012)
EPIC: Biometric Identifiers
 EPIC in the News
"Google Accused Of Wiretapping, Faces Lawsuits, After Judges Deny
Dismissal Request." Bustle, Oct. 2, 2013.
"Google Accused of Wiretapping in Gmail Scans." The New York Times,
Oct. 1, 2013.
"House privacy talks with tech companies should be open, advocates
say." The Hill, Oct. 1, 2013.
"Amid Shutdown, DOJ Urges Judges to Stay Civil Cases." Legal Times,
Oct. 1, 2013.
"Snowden to EU: Whistleblowers need protection." EU Observer, Oct. 1,
inquiry: MEPs hear US privacy experts, whistleblowers and
Snowden statement." European Parliament News, Sept. 30, 2013.
"FBI has been using drones since 2006, watchdog agency says." Los
Angeles Times, Sept. 26, 2013.
"Judge allows lawsuit against Google's Gmail scans to move forward."
The Washington Post, Sept. 26, 2013.
"A Newly Released Secret Opinion Shows Surveillance Courts Are Even
Worse Than You Knew." The New Republic, Sept. 25, 2013.
"Diane Ravitch: 3 dubious uses of tech in schools." Salon, Sept. 25,
"Teen privacy "eviscerated" by planned Facebook changes." Naked
Security, Sept. 24, 2013.
"How NBC's 'Million Second Quiz' Grabbed Personal Info From 300,000
People." The Wrap, Sept. 19, 2013.
"Will the Supreme Court Stop Cops From Reading Your Text Messages?"
Mother Jones, Sept. 17, 2013.
For More EPIC in the News: http://epic.org/news/epic_in_news.html
 EPIC Book Review: "Glass Houses"
"Glass Houses: Privacy, Secrecy, and Cyber Insecurity in a Transparent
World," Joel Brenner
Pity Joel Brenner's bad timing. Brenner's 2011 terror-threat book
"America the Vulnerable" was rechristened "Glass Houses" in 2013,
with a new preface and updated material; unfortunately for Brenner,
"Glass Houses" went to press before anyone had heard about
a guy named
Edward Snowden. Brenner was the NSA's Inspector General and general
counsel during the George W. Bush Admistration
- and suddenly his
assessment of, and proposed solutions to, international cyber-menaces
- seem a whole lot creepier.
the Vulnerable" is another book of the "the
Internet is not safe and neither are we" genre, except written by
someone with close-up,
highly classified knowledge of how bad the
threat actually is. And, according to Brenner, it's pretty bad:
private citizens' data; meanwhile, both
foreign agents and non-state hackers pilfer and pillage the data of
corporations and the
US government. Your digital footprint is utterly
vulnerable to malfeasance? Guess what: The US Department of Defense
safer than you are. We're effectively at cyberwar with
everyone, Brenner maintains, from the Chinese to al Qaeda, from
hackers to Julian Assange, and right now every Facebook user
and lax system administrator are their pawns.
The lowly thumb drive,
pictured on the book's cover, is, according to
Brenner, a symbol for asymmetric cyber warfare. Unobtrusive and
drives can be loaded with dangerous malware and
viruses, inserted into a vulnerable computer, and ultimately damage
Brenner recounts how in 2006 a reporter for the Los
Angeles Times bought a second-hand thumb drive in a Kabul bazaar and
that it contained, among other things, "the names, photos, and
contact information for Afghans willing to inform on the Taliban
al-Qaeda," and documents "detailing escape routes into Pakistan and the
location of a suspected safe house there." Then Brenner
spins out a
(hopefully theoretical) scenario in which a thumb drive pre-loaded with
malware is bought at that same bazaar, inserted
into a computer at
Bagram Air Base, and ultimately sends Google Maps poisoned with
malware to a secret Russian command post.
It's revealing that "Glass Houses" mentions almost nothing about
surveillance, and when surveillance is covered it's in the context
foreign actors spying on Americans. The only time the words "NSA" and
"surveillance" appear on the same page is when Brenner
threat of "civil servants leak[ing] secrets from a real or imagined
sense that an activity is illegal or from moral
outrage as with . . .
the terrorist surveillance program run by the White House through the
NSA." That "terrorist surveillance
program" is never mentioned again.
Brenner is, naturally, no fan of leaks, charging, "[A]n innocent slip
of the tongue can be as
damaging as an intentional disclosure."
Brenner is wise enough, however, to provide a comprehensive and
rational plan for securing
the digital infrastructure at every level.
He's an alarmist, but one with concrete solutions that demand
responsibility and discipline,
relying particularly on "joint
organization," a feature, he laments, sadly lacking in digital society.
Brenner argues that the
US government should play a stronger role in
overall cybersecurity by demanding higher security standards of
and forbidding federal agencies from doing
business with any ISP known to harbor bots. He also suggests that the
FTC should drop
antitrust regulations on businesses collaborating to
build cybersecurity tools and that the Federal Energy Regulatory
should establish cyber-safety standards for utilities.
Private-sector entities should have tighter control over their systems
their employees, and Brenner recommends a public-private
partnership tasked with radically rethinking the basic structure of the
"The struggle for the security of essential institutions and
infrastructure, like the struggle for the privacy of your personal
information and the security
of commercial trade secrets, is evolving
as you open this book," Brenner concludes in his new preface. Mr.
Brenner, how could you
ever have guessed?
-- EC Rosenberg
"Litigation Under the Federal Open
Government Laws 2010," edited by
Harry A. Hammitt, Marc Rotenberg, John A. Verdi, Ginger McCall, and Mark
S. Zaid (EPIC 2010). Price:
Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws is the most
comprehensive, authoritative discussion of the federal open access
This updated version includes new material regarding President Obama's
2009 memo on Open Government, Attorney General Holder's
March 2009 memo
on FOIA Guidance, and the new executive order on declassification. The
standard reference work includes in-depth
analysis of litigation under:
the Freedom of Information Act, the Privacy Act, the Federal Advisory
Committee Act, and the Government in the Sunshine Act. The fully updated
2010 volume is the
25th edition of the manual that lawyers, journalists
and researchers have relied on for more than 25 years.
"Information Privacy Law: Cases and Materials, Second Edition" Daniel J.
Solove, Marc Rotenberg, and Paul Schwartz. (Aspen 2005).
This clear, comprehensive introduction to the field of information
privacy law allows instructors to enliven their teaching of fundamental
concepts by addressing both enduring and emerging controversies. The
Second Edition addresses numerous rapidly developing areas of
law, including: identity theft, government data mining and electronic
surveillance law, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance
intelligence sharing, RFID tags, GPS, spyware, web bugs, and more.
Information Privacy Law, Second Edition, builds a cohesive
for an exciting course in this rapidly evolving area of law.
"Privacy & Human Rights
2006: An International Survey of Privacy Laws
and Developments" (EPIC 2007). Price: $75.
This annual report by EPIC and Privacy International provides an
overview of key privacy topics and reviews the state of privacy
75 countries around the world. The report outlines legal protections,
new challenges, and important issues and events relating
Privacy & Human Rights 2006 is the most comprehensive report on privacy
and data protection ever published.
"The Public Voice WSIS Sourcebook: Perspectives on the World Summit on
the Information Society" (EPIC 2004). Price: $40.
This resource promotes a dialogue on the issues, the outcomes, and the
process of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS).
reference guide provides the official UN documents, regional and
issue-oriented perspectives, and recommendations and proposals
future action, as well as a useful list of resources and contacts for
individuals and organizations that wish to become more
involved in the
"The Privacy Law Sourcebook 2004: United States Law, International
and Recent Developments," Marc Rotenberg, editor (EPIC 2005). Price:
The Privacy Law Sourcebook, which has been called the "Physician's Desk
Reference" of the privacy world, is the leading resource
attorneys, researchers, and journalists interested in pursuing privacy
law in the United States and around the world.
It includes the full
texts of major privacy laws and directives such as the Fair Credit
Reporting Act, the Privacy Act, and the OECD
Privacy Guidelines, as well
as an up-to-date section on recent developments. New materials include
the APEC Privacy Framework, the
Video Voyeurism Prevention Act, and the
"Filters and Freedom 2.0: Free Speech Perspectives
on Internet Content
Controls" (EPIC 2001). Price: $20.
A collection of essays, studies, and critiques of Internet content
filtering. These papers are instrumental in explaining why filtering
threatens free expression.
EPIC publications and other books on privacy, open government, free
expression, and constitutional values can be ordered at:
EPIC Bookstore: http://www.epic.org/bookstore
EPIC also publishes EPIC FOIA Notes, which provides brief summaries of
interesting documents obtained
from government agencies under the
Freedom of Information Act.
Subscribe to EPIC FOIA Notes at:
 Upcoming Conferences and Events
"The Tension Between Security and Liberty." Speaker: EPIC President
Marc Rotenberg. Washington, DC, 6 October. For More Information:
The Cato Institute: "NSA Surveillance: What We Know; What to do
About It." Washington, DC, 9 October 2013. For More Information:
Drone and Aerial Robotics Conference. Speaker: EPIC Domestic
Surveillance Counsel Amie Stepanovich. NYU Law Engelberg Center
Innovation Law and Policy, New York, NY, 11-13 October 2013. For More
Surveillance Conference, Sponsored by the Chicago Committee to Defend
the Bill of Rights. Speaker: EPIC Domestic Surveillance
Stepanovich. Northwestern University School of Law, Evanston, IL,
19 October 2013. For More Information:
American Civil Liberties Union of Rhode Island 2013 Annual Dinner
Celebration. Keynote Speaker: EPIC Domestic Surveillance Counsel
Stepanovich. Providence, RI, 8 November 8, 2013. For More Information:
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