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EPIC Alert 20.25 [2013] EPICAlert 25

EPIC Alert 20.25

======================================================================= E P I C A l e r t ======================================================================= Volume 20.25 December 20, 2013 ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Published by the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) Washington, D.C. "Defend Privacy. Support EPIC." ========================================================================= Table of Contents ========================================================================= [1] Expert Panel Calls for End of NSA Bulk Data Collection [2] Federal Judge Enjoins NSA Telephone Metadata Program [3] EPIC Files Privacy Complaint to Protect Student Data [4] EPIC Appeals Secrecy of Presidential Cybersecurity Directive [5] EPIC Urges Clarification of NSA's Role in Cybersecurity [6] News in Brief [7] EPIC in the News [8] EPIC Holiday Gift Guide [9] Upcoming Conferences and Events ========================================================================= [1] Expert Panel Calls for End of NSA Bulk Data Collection ========================================================================= The President's Review Group on Intelligence has concluded that the NSA's collection of bulk telephone records should end. In a sweeping report, "Liberty and Security in a Changing World," the review panel set out 46 recommendations, which would limit NSA surveillance, expand judicial oversight, create new transparency requirements, update federal privacy laws, and create a new privacy agency. "A fundamental theme of this Report," the panel stated, "is that the fact that the intelligence community is able to collect personal information does not mean that it should do so." The Review Group emphasized that the government should no longer maintain the bulk collection of telephone records and these records should not be accessible without a court order. The group also recommended that a public interest advocate represent the "nation's interests" in protecting privacy and civil liberties before the secret FISC court. The panel further recommended substantial structural changes to the NSA and greater de-classification of the FISC opinions, concluding that information about intelligence activities "should be available on a regular basis to Congress and the American people to the greatest extent possible." In addition, the report recommended that National Security Letters should be subject to increased judicial oversight and be issued only upon appropriate judicial findings. The report makes clear the need to get the National Security Agency out of the business of domestic surveillance as well as the need to restore judicial oversight over government access to private information. The report also recommends a substantial limit on the practice of spying on foreign leaders and foreign governments. The Review Group recommended that the Privacy Act of 1974 should be applied to both US and non-US persons; that the US should cease the practice of stockpiling software vulnerabilities known as "zero day" exploits; and support stronger encryption practices, for data in storage and in communications. The panel advocated the establishment of a new Civil Liberties and Privacy Protection Board, similar to the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board, but with more authority and the specific ability to review the activities of the Intelligence Community. This new Board would be able to receive whistleblower complaints and support the development of privacy-enhancing technologies. Earlier in 2013, EPIC met with the review group and submitted extensive comments to the panel, specifically urging the end of the bulk record collection program, which EPIC challenged in the Supreme Court. EPIC also urged the creation of comprehensive and detailed reporting requirements for FISA authorities and the creation of a public advocate for the secret FISC court. EPIC President Marc Rotenberg said the final report was "a blueprint for restoring privacy in post-9/11 America." The White House: "Liberty and Security in a Changing World" (Dec. 2013) ODNI: Information Sheet on Review Group EPIC: Recommendations to President's Review Board (Aug. 13, 2013) EPIC: Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act EPIC: Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Reform Act EPIC: In re EPIC ======================================================================== [2] Federal Judge Enjoins NSA Telephone Metadata Program ======================================================================== A federal judge in Washington, DC has issued an injunction against the NSA's telephone record collection program. Judge Richard J. Leon ruled in the case Klayman v. Obama that the plaintiffs "have a substantial likelihood of showing that their privacy interest outweigh the Government's interest in collecting and analyzing bulk telephony metadata and therefore the NSA's Bulk Metadata program is indeed an unreasonable search under the Fourth Amendment." Judge Leon also stressed that "While Congress has great latitude to create statutory schemes like FISA, it may not hang a cloak of secrecy over the Constitution." Furthermore, Judge Leon stated, "I cannot possibly navigate these uncharted Fourth Amendment waters using as my North Star a case that predates the rise of cellphones." This is the first court opinion issued on the controversial surveillance program. In July 2013, EPIC filed a petition in the US Supreme Court challenging the legality of the program, but the Court chose not to hear the case. The district court's decision will be stayed pending an appeal by the government to the DC Circuit Court of Appeals. EPIC: Decision in Klayman v. Obama (Dec. 16, 2013) EPIC: Petition to US Supreme Court re: NSA (Jul. 8, 2013) EPIC: In re EPIC EPIC: NSA: Verizon Phone Record Monitoring ========================================================================= [3] EPIC Files Privacy Complaint to Protect Student Data ========================================================================= EPIC has filed an extensive complaint with the Federal Trade Commission over the business practices of, which encourages users to divulge sensitive medical, sexual, and religious information in order to obtain financial aid and scholarship opportunities. The company that owns claims that it uses student-provided data to locate scholarships and financial aid., however, transfers the data to a business affiliate, American Student Marketing, which in turn sells it for general marketing purposes - a policy that EPIC alleges is "unfair and deceptive". EPIC's complaint also alleges that's failure to use reasonable security practices is an unfair trade practice, and EPIC has asked the FTC to require the company to change business practices. requires consumers to disclose name, gender, birthdate, current school year, year of financial need, grade point average, email address, and home address to use the website services. It also encourages student consumers to disclose citizenship status, religious affiliation, and sexual orientation, as well as seeking sensitive health information, including whether students have ADD/ADHD, hepatitis, cancer-related medical issues, addiction, digestive or mental impairments, or are clinically depressed or overweight. EPIC's complaint alleges that has engaged in deceptive trade practices because the company misrepresents how it will use student represents that it will protect the security of students' personal data, when in fact the site fails to enable reasonable data security practices, like HTTPS and HSTS (the website switched to HTTPS in December after becoming aware of EPIC's complaint). EPIC similarly states that's disclosure of sensitive student health information constitutes an unfair trade practice because "[y]oung adults afflicted with illness and in need of financial support are a particularly vulnerable subset of the population." Finally, EPIC maintains that's failure to use reasonable data security practices constitutes an unfair trade practice. EPIC has a longstanding involvement with FTC complaints concerning minors. In 2013, EPIC filed an FTC complaint against Snapchat, alleging that Snapchat misrepresents that user photos will be deleted after a designated period of time. Also in 2013, EPIC urged Congress to restore privacy protections for student data following recent changes to the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, and was also joined by several leading privacy and consumer-protection organizations in urging the FTC to block changes to Facebook's recent privacy policy, which implicated the privacy rights of minors. EPIC: In the Matter of, LLC (Dec. 12, 2013) American Student Marketing EPIC: Letter to Congress re: Student Privacy (Oct. 9, 2013) EPIC: EPIC v. The U.S. Department of Education EPIC: Student Privacy EPIC: In the Matter of Snapchat, Inc. (May 16, 2013) EPIC et al.: Facebook's Changes Re: Sponsored Stories (Sept. 4, 2013) ========================================================================= [4] EPIC Appeals Secrecy of Presidential Cybersecurity Directive ========================================================================= EPIC has filed a notice of appeal in EPIC v. NSA, a case in which the National Security Agency withheld NSPD 54, a Presidential Directive setting out the scope of the NSA's authority over US computer networks. The Directive was widely distributed to agency heads, presidential advisers, and other government officials. However, the NSA has refused to release the document to the public. EPIC first filed a Freedom of Information Act request in June 2009, asking the NSA to disclose the text of NSPD 54. The NSA told EPIC that it had located responsive documents, but refused to release them. EPIC then filed a lawsuit to compel release of the Directive. Both EPIC and the NSA briefed the issue of whether the agency could withhold the document as a confidential presidential communication. Surprisingly, Judge Beryl Howell ruled that the Directive was not even subject to the FOIA because it was not under "the control" of the NSA. This is the only time a federal court has ruled that presidential directives in the possession of federal agencies are not subject to the FOIA. Judge Howell relied on a recent DC Circuit case, Judicial Watch v. US Secret Service, to support her conclusion. EPIC believes that the court misapplied the Judicial Watch decision, which concerned White House visitor logs and had no relevance to Presidential Directives. If Presidential Directives are excluded from the FOIA, the Executive Branch gains the potential to issue secret law - the very thing that the FOIA seeks to prevent. Judge Howell appeared to recognize this risk, and quoted directly from EPIC's brief about the dangers of excluding Presidential Directives from the FOIA. Judge Howell also noted that the DC Circuit Court of Appeals "has cautioned that Congress 'indicated unequivocally that the purpose of [FOIA] was to forbid secret law. And substantive declarations of policy are clearly "law" within the meaning of that prohibition.'" On the same day that EPIC filed the notice of appeal with the DC Circuit Court, another district court judge ruled that a Presidential Directive concerning foreign aid - one that the White House sought to keep hidden from the public - was subject to the FOIA, and had to be released. Noting the recent decision in EPIC v. NSA, the presiding judge found that a Presidential Directive is exactly the type of record that the FOIA was designed to disclose. EPIC: EPIC v. NSA, Notice of Appeal (Dec. 17, 2013) EPIC: Opinion in EPIC v. NSA (Oct. 21, 2013) EPIC: Initial Complaint in EPIC v. NSA (Feb. 4, 2010) EPIC: Initial FOIA Request to NSA re: NSPD 54 (Jul. 25, 2009) EPIC: EPIC v. NSA - Cybersecurity Authority ======================================================================== [5] EPIC Urges Clarification of NSA's Role in Cybersecurity ======================================================================== EPIC has submitted comments on the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST's) preliminary proposal for a cybersecurity framework. Pursuant to Executive Order 13636, the federal agency is charged with defining a "cybersecurity framework" for the federal government. The Executive Order requires privacy and civil liberty protections based on the Fair Information Practices. EPIC's comments praised the preliminary cybersecurity framework for its focus on minimizing the use of Personally Identifiable Information and requiring transparency around cybersecurity practices. EPIC also commended NIST's "focus on privacy and civil liberties from the outset" of the framework's development. However, EPIC noted, EPIC's previous recommendations to the agency on the development of the framework were not addressed. EPIC reiterated earlier comments that emphasized civilian control, adherence to the Fair Information Practices, and compliance with the Privacy and Freedom of Information Act. EPIC also urged NIST to "inform the public of the full extent of the NSA's involvement in the Cybersecurity Framework." In light of recent revelations that the National Security Agency has weakened key encryption security standards, NIST has re-opened several standards for further public comment; however, EPIC's comments state, "NIST has never publicly revealed the role the NSA played in setting these standards, or if the NSA asserted influence over any other regularly accepted standards." EPIC is currently involved in a Freedom of Information lawsuit against the NSA. That lawsuit seeks the release of National Security Presidential Directive 54. The Directive grants broad authority over the security of American computer networks but has never been made public. EPIC: Comments to NIST re: Cybersecurity Framework (Dec. 13, 2013) The White House: Executive Order 13636 (Feb. 19, 2013) NIST: RFC on Preliminary Cybsercurity Framework (Oct. 29, 2013) NIST: Preliminary Cybersecurity Framework 122013-NIST-cyber-framework.html NIST: Cryptographic Standards Statement (Sept. 10, 2013) EPIC: EPIC v. NSA - Cybersecurity Authority ======================================================================== [6] News in Brief ======================================================================== Authors Issue Declaration Against Mass Surveillance More than 500 leading writers from around the world have endorsed the declaration "A Stand for Democracy in the Digital Age." The Writers against Mass Surveillance stated, "A person under surveillance is no longer free; a society under surveillance is no longer a democracy." The declaration was issued on December 10, 2013, International Human Rights Day. Article 12 of the UN's Universal Declaration of Human Rights establishes privacy as fundamental right. EPIC has urged the United States to ratify Council of Europe Convention 108 -- the Privacy Convention. Writers Against Mass Surveillance: Declaration (Dec. 10, 2013) UN: Universal Declaration of Human Rights The Public Voice: The Madrid Declaration (Nov. 2009) EPIC: Council of Europe Privacy Convention EPIC Supports Petition Urging FCC to Protect Phone Record Privacy EPIC has joined a petition to the Federal Communications Commission, organized by the group Public Knowledge, that asks the FCC to rule that "AT&T is in violation of Section 222" of the federal Communications Act "because it sells individually identifiable call Records to the C.I.A., companies, and other entities without customers' consent." In November 2013, EPIC urged the FCC to determine whether AT&T violated the Communications Act when the telephony provider sold private consumer call-detail information to the Drug Enforcement Administration and Central Intelligence Agency. In June 2013, following the initial Snowden disclosures, EPIC wrote to the FCC to explain that Verizon had likely violated the Communications Act when it disclosed telephone records to the NSA. EPIC has long supported the FCC's consumer privacy enforcement authority, filing "friend of the court" briefs in significant cases, including US West v. FCC and NCTA v. FCC, to defend the agency's privacy regulations. Public Knowledge et al.: Petition to FCC re: AT&T (Dec. 11, 2013) EPIC: Letter to FCC re: AT&T (Nov. 15, 2013) EPIC: Letter to FCC re: Verizon (Jun. 11, 2013) EPIC: US West v. FCC EPIC: NCTA v. FCC EPIC: CPNI (Customer Proprietary Network Information) EPIC: Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) EPIC's Stepanovich Named as Co-Chair for 2014 CFP Conference The 2014 Computers, Freedom & Privacy conference will be co-chaired by EPIC's Amie Stepanovich. Stepanovich is the Director of EPIC's Domestic Surveillance Project, and the third EPIC staff member to co-chair CFP. The first CFP conference was held in San Francisco in 1991 under the auspices of the Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility, and was the first conference that brought together the law enforcement and hacker communities, along with technical experts, legal scholars, and policy makers, to explore the world of "cyberspace." A sister conference, Computers, Privacy & Data Protection, will be held in Brussels in January 2014. CFP 2014 will be held in Washington, DC. EPIC: Amie Stepanovich Computers, Freedom & Privacy First Computers, Freedom & Privacy Conference (Mar. 1991) Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility 7th International Computers, Privacy & Data Protection Conf. (Jan. 2014) Senate Confirms Judge Wald for Privacy Oversight Board The US Senate has confirmed the reappointment of Judge Patricia M. Wald to the President's Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board. Judge Wald's current term was set to expire in January 2014. In 2012, EPIC recommended that the Oversight Board, consistent with its mandate, pursue a broad agenda, including (1) suspension of the Fusion Center Program; (2) limiting closed-circuit television surveillance; (3) eliminating the use of body scanners; (4) establishing privacy regulations for drones; (5) improving Information Sharing Environment (ISE) and Suspicious Activity Reporting (SARS) Standards; and (6) Privacy Act adherence. More recently, EPIC addressed the Board at a workshop on NSA surveillance. In response to a public rulemaking, EPIC also provided extensive comments on a proposed rule governing the Board's Freedom of Information Act practices. The Board adopted nearly all of EPIC's recommendations on transparency. Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-VT): Press Release on Judge Wald (Dec. 13, 2013) Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board (PCLOB) EPIC: Statement to PCLOB on Domestic Surveillance (Jul. 9, 2013) PCLOB: Workshop on Domestic Surveillance (Jul. 9, 2013) EPIC: Comments to PCLOB on FOIA (Jul. 15, 2013) EPIC: Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act EPIC: Open Government 'Privacy' Is 2013 Word of the Year has named "privacy" the 2013 Word of the Year. Noting the Snowden disclosures about NSA surveillance, the release of Google Glass, and the changing privacy policies of Internet companies, wrote, "The discussion of privacy - what it is and what it isn't - embodies the preeminent concerns of 2013." According to The Washington Post, however, " dubs 'privacy' their word of the year. But visiting their homepage sets 90 cookies." Word of the Year Infographic The Washington Post: Post on and Cookies (Dec. 18, 2013) dictionary-com-dubs-privacy-their-word-of-the-year-but-visiting- their-homepage-sets-90-cookies/ ======================================================================== [7] EPIC in the News ======================================================================== "Facebook ads are getting eerily personal." [Video] CNN Money, Dec. 18, 2013. data-privacy-customize-online-ads.cnnmoney "Court Rebukes White House Over 'Secret Law'." Secrecy News, Dec. 18, 2013. "After Ruling Critical of N.S.A., Uncertain Terrain for Appeal." The New York Times, Dec. 17, 2013. critical-of-nsa-uncertain-terrain-for-appeal.html?_r=0 "Judge Questions Legality of N.S.A. Phone Records." The New York Times, Dec. 16, 2013. against-nsa-phone-data-program.html?hp&_r=0 "Federal judge rules against NSA spying." USA Today, Dec. 16, 2013. surveillance-fourth-amendment/4041995/ "Scholarship Site Gives Info To Marketer, EPIC Tells FTC." Law360, Dec. 13, 2013. to-marketer-epic-tells-ftc "U.S. schools' approach to student data threatens privacy: study." Reuters, Dec. 13, 2013. idUSBRE9BC10320131213 "D.C. electronic privacy center talks surveillance, how much information government can access." Medill National Security Zone, Dec. 11, 2013. talks-surveillance-how-much-information-government-can-access/ "Silicon Valley to DC: Curb Your Surveillance [Video]." Bloomberg, Dec. 9, 2013. surveillance-DMky64i_SdOwxEMcqzJvTw.html For More EPIC in the News: ======================================================================== [8] EPIC Holiday Gift Guide ======================================================================== With the holiday season upon us, EPIC is happy to help you find the perfect gift for the privacy activists on your shopping list. Here are some of our favorites. As always, take care to protect your personal information when shopping online! Enjoy, and happy holidays from EPIC. 1. "Crypto is EPIC" T-shirt. Show your privacy pride and love of encryption. Bonus points for binary translation. info&products_id=98747&zenid=r2ou7ji1d0f0gqufpcfl83t4u4" 2. "Privacy: the Game." Enjoy your time at home with your loved ones by playing "Privacy". Laugh about how the NSA knows more about you than your close friends and family. Then cry. 3. Webcam Cover. What, you say? Computer cameras can be remotely activated? Keep your private life private by covering up your lenses at home. 4. "Privacy, Please" Nail Polish. OPI puts privacy in a bottle with this polish shade, which demonstrates that privacy can be pretty. 5. "Carry On," by Bruce Schneier. EPIC Advisory Board member Bruce Schneier's newest book features commentaries and lessons learned on recent events. 6. Venetian Mask. Everyone will think you're the most fashionable person at the New Year's Eve masquerade. Only you have to know you're also secretly foiling facial recognition technologies. 7. Magic Wallet. Bitcoin may be the next cool thing, but you can't forget to keep your credit cards protected. With a magic wallet you can make them disappear. 8. OFF Pocket. A pre-made Faraday Cage for your phone, OFF Pocket prevents any signal from coming in or going out. 9. Kitty Kabana. Pets need privacy, too. Give your fur babies some downtime with this litter box tent. Do they print magazines in cat? 10. "Person of Interest: The Complete Third Season." "Person of Interest" was born out of an article on the NSA's Total Information Awareness program, formally de-funded in 2003 (but we all know the truth now, right?). -- Amie Stepanovich ======================================= EPIC Bookstore ======================================= "Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws 2010," edited by Harry A. Hammitt, Marc Rotenberg, John A. Verdi, Ginger McCall, and Mark S. Zaid (EPIC 2010). Price: $75. Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws is the most comprehensive, authoritative discussion of the federal open access laws. This updated version includes new material regarding President Obama's 2009 memo on Open Government, Attorney General Holder's March 2009 memo on FOIA Guidance, and the new executive order on declassification. The standard reference work includes in-depth analysis of litigation under: the Freedom of Information Act, the Privacy Act, the Federal Advisory Committee Act, and the Government in the Sunshine Act. The fully updated 2010 volume is the 25th edition of the manual that lawyers, journalists and researchers have relied on for more than 25 years. ================================ "Information Privacy Law: Cases and Materials, Second Edition" Daniel J. Solove, Marc Rotenberg, and Paul Schwartz. (Aspen 2005). Price: $98. This clear, comprehensive introduction to the field of information privacy law allows instructors to enliven their teaching of fundamental concepts by addressing both enduring and emerging controversies. The Second Edition addresses numerous rapidly developing areas of privacy law, including: identity theft, government data mining and electronic surveillance law, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, intelligence sharing, RFID tags, GPS, spyware, web bugs, and more. Information Privacy Law, Second Edition, builds a cohesive foundation for an exciting course in this rapidly evolving area of law. ================================ "Privacy & Human Rights 2006: An International Survey of Privacy Laws and Developments" (EPIC 2007). Price: $75. This annual report by EPIC and Privacy International provides an overview of key privacy topics and reviews the state of privacy in over 75 countries around the world. The report outlines legal protections, new challenges, and important issues and events relating to privacy. Privacy & Human Rights 2006 is the most comprehensive report on privacy and data protection ever published. ================================ "The Public Voice WSIS Sourcebook: Perspectives on the World Summit on the Information Society" (EPIC 2004). Price: $40. This resource promotes a dialogue on the issues, the outcomes, and the process of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). This reference guide provides the official UN documents, regional and issue-oriented perspectives, and recommendations and proposals for future action, as well as a useful list of resources and contacts for individuals and organizations that wish to become more involved in the WSIS process. ================================ "The Privacy Law Sourcebook 2004: United States Law, International Law, and Recent Developments," Marc Rotenberg, editor (EPIC 2005). Price: $40. The Privacy Law Sourcebook, which has been called the "Physician's Desk Reference" of the privacy world, is the leading resource for students, attorneys, researchers, and journalists interested in pursuing privacy law in the United States and around the world. It includes the full texts of major privacy laws and directives such as the Fair Credit Reporting Act, the Privacy Act, and the OECD Privacy Guidelines, as well as an up-to-date section on recent developments. New materials include the APEC Privacy Framework, the Video Voyeurism Prevention Act, and the CAN-SPAM Act. ================================ "Filters and Freedom 2.0: Free Speech Perspectives on Internet Content Controls" (EPIC 2001). Price: $20. A collection of essays, studies, and critiques of Internet content filtering. These papers are instrumental in explaining why filtering threatens free expression. ================================ EPIC publications and other books on privacy, open government, free expression, and constitutional values can be ordered at: EPIC Bookstore: ================================ EPIC also publishes EPIC FOIA Notes, which provides brief summaries of interesting documents obtained from government agencies under the Freedom of Information Act. Subscribe to EPIC FOIA Notes at: ======================================================================= [9] Upcoming Conferences and Events ======================================================================= Technology Policy Institute Presents "The Big Data Revolution: Privacy Considerations." Washington, DC, 15 January 2014. For More Information: register/112.html. "Big Data and Security in Europe: Challenges and Opportunities." Speaker: EPIC President Marc Rotenberg. Brussels, January 21, 2014. For More Information: in-europ.html. "Privacy in the Networked World," featuring EPIC Appellate Advocacy Counsel Alan Butler. Waikoloa, Hawaii, January 26, 2014. For More Information: Fourth Annual International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy. Washington, DC, June 4-5, 2014. For More Information: IEEE Presents "Reintroducing Norbert Wiener in the 21st Century." Boston, 24-26 June 2014. For More Information: ======================================================================= Join EPIC on Facebook and Twitter ======================================================================= Join the Electronic Privacy Information Center on Facebook and Twitter: Start a discussion on privacy. Let us know your thoughts. Stay up to date with EPIC's events. Support EPIC. ======================================================================= Privacy Policy ======================================================================= The EPIC Alert mailing list is used only to mail the EPIC Alert and to send notices about EPIC activities. We do not sell, rent or share our mailing list. We also intend to challenge any subpoena or other legal process seeking access to our mailing list. We do not enhance (link to other databases) our mailing list or require your actual name. In the event you wish to subscribe or unsubscribe your e-mail address from this list, please follow the above instructions under "subscription information." ======================================================================= About EPIC ======================================================================= The Electronic Privacy Information Center is a public interest research center in Washington, DC. It was established in 1994 to focus public attention on emerging privacy issues such as the Clipper Chip, the Digital Telephony proposal, national ID cards, medical record privacy, and the collection and sale of personal information. EPIC publishes the EPIC Alert, pursues Freedom of Information Act litigation, and conducts policy research. For more information, see or write EPIC, 1718 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009. +1 202 483 1140 (tel), +1 202 483 1248 (fax). ======================================================================= Donate to EPIC ======================================================================= If you'd like to support the work of the Electronic Privacy Information Center, contributions are welcome and fully tax-deductible. Checks should be made out to "EPIC" and sent to 1718 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009. Or you can contribute online at: Your contributions will help support Freedom of Information Act and First Amendment litigation, strong and effective advocacy for the right of privacy and efforts to oppose government and private-sector infringement on constitutional values. Thank you for your support. ======================================================================= Subscription Information ======================================================================= Subscribe/unsubscribe via web interface: Back issues are available at: The EPIC Alert displays best in a fixed-width font, such as Courier. ------------------------- END EPIC Alert 20.25------------------------

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