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EPIC Alert 21.10 [2014] EPICAlert 10

EPIC Alert 21.10

======================================================================= E P I C A l e r t ======================================================================= Volume 21.10 May 30, 2014 ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Published by the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) Washington, D.C. "Defend Privacy. Support EPIC." ========================================================================= Table of Contents ========================================================================= [1] EPIC Freedom Awards to Allen, Amash, The Guardian, Snowden [2] House Adopts Weakened NSA Reform Bill [3] EPIC Testifies on Student Privacy Before CA State Assembly [4] FTC Report on Data Brokers Fails to Address Privacy Concerns [5] Sprint Pays FCC a Record $7.5M for Violating 'Do Not Call' [6] News in Brief [7] EPIC in the News [8] EPIC Bookstore [9] Upcoming Conferences and Events SAVE THE DATE: June 2, 2014. EPIC's 2014 Champions of Freedom Dinner, hosted by Bruce Schneier. TAKE ACTION: Reset the Net! SIGN the Pledge Against Net Surveillance: WATCH the Video: LEARN about Privacy Tools: SUPPORT EPIC: ========================================================================= [1] EPIC Freedom Awards to Allen, Amash, The Guardian, Snowden ========================================================================= On June 2 the Electronic Privacy Information Center will celebrate 20 years of privacy advocacy with the 2014 EPIC Champions of Freedom Awards. Established in 1994, EPIC was created to focus public attention on emerging privacy issues. EPIC maintains two of the most popular privacy websites in the world - and - and pursues policy research, litigation, public education, and advocacy. EPIC's Advisory Board includes leading experts in law, technology and public policy. EPIC established the Champion of Freedom Awards to recognize individuals and organizations that safeguard the right to privacy with courage and integrity. Internationally renowned security technologist Bruce Schneier will host the 2014 EPIC celebration. EPIC will honor University of Pennsylvania Law Professor Anita L. Allen for her work as the nation's leading privacy law scholar. A longtime EPIC Advisory Board member, Professor Allen has helped shape the modern understanding of the right to privacy. EPIC will honor Congressman Justin Amash (R-MI) for his campaign to defund the NSA's telephone record collection program. EPIC will recognize The Guardian newspaper for publishing documents obtained by Edward Snowden that provided the basis for EPIC's petition to the US Supreme Court to end the bulk collection of Americans' telephone records. Edward Snowden will also receive an award from EPIC for disclosing the secret court that documented the unlawful surveillance of Americans and for transforming the debate about privacy protection. "EPIC is honored to recognize these Champions of Freedom who have worked to safeguard privacy, some at great personal risk," said Marc Rotenberg, EPIC's President and Executive Director. Previous recipients of the Champion of Freedom Award include Senators Rand Paul (R-KY) and Ron Wyden (D-OR), and journalist Martha Mendoza (2013); Senator Al Franken (D-MN), Judge Alex Kozinski of the 9th Circuit, and journalists Dana Priest and William Arkin (2012); Representatives Jason Chaffetz (R-UT) and Rush Holt (D-NJ), former Miss USA Susie Castillo, and the Wall Street Journal (2011); Representative Joe Barton (R-TX), former FTC Commissioner Pamela Jones Harbour, and the Rose Foundation (2010); Senator Ed Markey (D-MA), director D.J. Caruso, philanthropist Addison Fischer, and attorney Paul M. Smith (2009); and Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT) (2004). EPIC has previously presented the Lifetime Achievement award to David Flaherty (2013), Whitfield Diffie (2012), and Willis Ware (2012). EPIC: 2014 Champion of Freedom Awards EPIC: Advisory Board Professor Anita Allen Rep. Justin Amash (R-MI) The Guardian Newspaper EPIC: 2013 Champion of Freedom Awards EPIC: 2012 Champion of Freedom Awards EPIC: 2011 Champion of Freedom Awards ======================================================================== [2] House Adopts Weakened NSA Reform Bill ======================================================================== The US House of Representatives has voted to adopt a modified "USA FREEDOM" Act, an NSA reform bill. The revised Act no longer prohibits bulk collection of communications records and weakens transparency requirements. The House's modifications include a definition of "specific selection term" that allows the continued bulk collection of Americans' data, and removing a provision that would have allowed companies to publish the rough number of court orders they received for the PRISM surveillance program. The House bill also removes the US Attorney General's ability to review significant FISA court rulings for declassification, leaving those decisions in the hands of the Director of National Intelligence. Because of such last-minute revisions to the House bill, a number of civil liberties and human rights organizations that initially supported it withdrew their backing. A coalition of US tech companies similarly withdrew support, calling the expanded definition of "specific selection term" an "unacceptable loophole that could enable the bulk collection of internet users' data." Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT) announced that the bill is "an important step towards reforming" surveillance authorities, but expressed disappointment that the current version "does not include some of the meaningful reforms contained in the original." Senator Mark Udall (D-CO) expressed disappointment with the House bill, stating, "The NSA has shown it will seize upon any 'wiggle room' in the law, and there is plenty of wiggle room in the House-passed legislation." The USA FREEDOM Act will be considered next by the Senate Judiciary Committee. In 2013, EPIC filed a petition with the US Supreme Court, alleging that the bulk collection of telephone record was unlawful. The EPIC petition was supported by dozens of legal scholars and former members of the Church Committee. EPIC also testified before the House in 2012 that the FISA should not be renewed without adoption of new, more robust, public reporting requirements and oversight procedures. US House: Final Vote on USA FREEDOM Act (May 22, 2014) US Congress: Text of USA FREEDOM Act (HR 3361) Sen. P. Leahy (D-VT): Comments on House Version of Act (May 22, 2014) Sen. M. Udall (D-CO): Comments on House Version of Act (May 22, 2014) EPIC: Testimony on FISA Amendments Act of 2008 (May 31, 2012) EPIC: In re EPIC - NSA Telephone Records Surveillance EPIC: FISA Reform ========================================================================= [3] EPIC Testifies on Student Privacy Before CA State Assembly ========================================================================= EPIC's Student Privacy Project Director Khaliah Barnes testified May 14 before the California State Assembly Education Committee and Select Committee on Privacy on "Ensuring Student Privacy in the Digital Age." EPIC's testimony (1) explained how the US Education Department's regulations encourage mass collection of student data; (2) described the privacy risks facing today's students; (3) underscored the need for data security safeguards for states, schools, and private companies that access student information; and (4) recommended that California adopt EPIC's Student Privacy Bill of Rights, a student privacy and data protection framework based on the Fair Information Practices. California has joined several other states that have introduced student privacy legislation in the wake of Department of Education regulations that significantly weakened the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, a federal student privacy law. Pursuant to Education Department regulations, private companies and government agencies outside of academia have gained access to sensitive student records. EPIC's testimony stressed that to protect student privacy, California should adopt the Student Privacy Bill of Rights. Congress is also considering student privacy legislation. Senators Edward Markey (D-MA) and Orrin Hatch (R-UT) have proposed a "Protecting Student Privacy Act." The draft bill "(1) requires that data security safeguards be put in place to protect sensitive student data that is held by private companies; (2) prohibits the use of students' personally identifiable information to advertise or market a product or service; (3) provides parents with the right to access the personal information about their children - and amend that information if incorrect — that is held by private companies just as they would if the data were held by the school itself; (4) makes transparent the name of companies that have access to student information by directing school districts to maintain a record of all outside companies with which the school contracts; (5) minimizes the amount of personally identifiable information that is transferred from schools to private companies; [and] (6) ensures private companies cannot maintain dossiers on students in perpetuity by requiring the companies to later delete personally identifiable information." The legislation highlights many of the same protections EPIC has endorsed in the Student Privacy Bill of Rights. In 2013, EPIC filed an extensive complaint with the Federal Trade Commission over the business practices of, a website that encourages students to divulge sensitive medical, sexual, and religious data in order to obtain financial aid information. Following EPIC's complaint, the company improved website security. Previously, EPIC sued the Department of Education to block changes to the student privacy law that made it possible to disclose studentdata to third parties. EPIC: 'Ensuring Student Privacy in the Digital Age' (May 14, 2014) Washington Post: EPIC Opinion Piece on Student Privacy (Mar. 6, 2014) why-a-student-privacy-bill-of-rights-is-desperately-needed/ CA State Senate: Text of Student Privacy Act (Feb. 20, 2014) FL State Senate: Student Privacy Act (May 12, 2014) EPIC: EPIC v. U.S. Department of Education Sen. Ed Markey (D-MA): Press Release on Student Privacy (May 14, 2014) EPIC: FTC Complaint re: (Dec. 12, 2013) EPIC: Student Privacy ========================================================================= [4] FTC Report on Data Brokers Fails to Address Privacy Concerns ========================================================================= The Federal Trade Commission has published a report, "Data Brokers: A Call for Transparency and Accountability." The report enumerates the extensive collection of personal information about American consumers that is widely sold in the private sector. The FTC report recommends only modest legislative changes, including transparency and accountability laws specific to each of the report's three identified categories of data-broker "products": "marketing," "risk mitigation," and "people search." The Commission's report similarly failed to address many consumer privacy issues, including consumer profiling and "scoring." Similarly, the FTC made no mention of the Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights or the Fair Information Practices, the set of privacy and accountability practices on which the CPBR is based. Commissioner Julie Brill went so far as to issue a separate statement calling for more substantial consumer safeguards. Specifically, Brill highlighted data brokers' ability to discriminate against certain consumers, noting "that data that closely follow categories that are not permissible grounds for treating consumers differently in a broad array of commercial transactions will be used in exactly this way." The Commission report also failed to discuss the significance of existing proposed data broker legislation, such as The Data Broker Accountability and Transparency Act of 2014, or DATA, Act, introduced by Senators Jay Rockefeller (D-WV) and Ed Markey (D-MA), which imposes transparency and accountability requirements on data brokers and other companies that profit from the collection and sale of consumer information. Under the Act, data brokers would be required to establish websites to inform and update consumers and be prohibited from soliciting or collecting consumer data under false pretenses; consumers would be able to access their personal information, make corrections, and opt out of marketing schemes; and the FTC would be empowered to impose civil penalties on violators. In 2005, EPIC testified before the House Commerce Committee on "Identity Theft and Data Broker Services." EPIC emphasized to Congress "the extraordinary urgency of addressing the unregulated sale of personal information in the United States and how the data broker industry is contributing to the growing risk of identity theft in the United States." EPIC Executive Director Marc Rotenberg urged Congress to establish comprehensive regulation of the data broker industry following the disclosure that data-broker ChoicePoint was selling personal information to criminals engaged in identity theft. "[T]here is no meaningful way that market-based solutions can protect the privacy of American consumers when consumers have no direct dealings with the companies that collect and sell their personal information," Rotenberg stated. "There is too much secrecy, too little accountability, and too much risk of far-reaching economic damage." FTC: "A Call for Transparency and Accountability" (May 2014) FTC: Julie Brill Statement on Data Broker Report (May 27, 2014) FTC: Data Broker Report Press Release (May 27, 2014) FTC: Data Broker Investigation Press Release (Dec. 18, 2012) Sens. Markey and Rockefeller: DATA Act of 2014 (Feb. 12, 2014) EPIC: Testimony before US House on Data Brokers (May 5, 2009) EPIC: Congressional Testimony on Data Brokers and ID Theft (May 2005) EPIC: ChoicePoint EPIC: Online Consumer Profiling EPIC: Federal Trade Commission ========================================================================= [5] Sprint Pays FCC a Record $7.5M for Violating 'Do Not Call' ========================================================================= Sprint has reached a $7.5 million settlement with the Federal Communications Commission for violations of the "Do Not Call" national registry, the FCC's largest Do Not Call settlement ever. According to the FCC, Sprint failed to honor customer requests to opt out of phone and text communications. The settlement follows a 2011 consent decree between Sprint and the FCC, which also arose out of complaints from Do Not Call registrants, for which Sprint had to pay $400,000. Under the terms of the current settlement, Sprint must, in addition to the fine: * Develop and implement a "robust compliance plan" with a designated Compliance Officer * Develop company-specific operating procedures and policies for Do Not Call * Implement an employee training program on how to comply with consumer Do Not Call requests * Report any noncompliance to the FCC * File both an initial 90-day and annual compliance reports. Since 1994, EPIC has promoted the establishment and enforcement of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act. In 2002, EPIC and 10 leading advocacy groups filed comments with both the FCC and the Federal Trade Commission, advocating the creation of the Do Not Call Registry. EPIC has also recommended that Congress establish a National Do Not Track registry for online consumers. FCC: Press Release on Sprint Settlement (May 19, 2014) FCC: Text of Sprint Settlement (May 19, 2014) FTC: Do Not Call Registry Page FCC: Text of 2011 Sprint Consent Decree (May 2011) EPIC: Telemarketing and the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) EPIC et al.: Letter to FCC/FTC on TCPA (Dec. 9, 2002) EPIC: Statement Before US House on Do Not Track (Dec. 2, 2010) EPIC: Do Not Call Registry Timeline EPIC: Illegal Sale of Phone Records EPIC: NCTA v. FCC EPIC: FTC EPIC: Illegal Sale of Phone Records EPIC: Federal Trade Commission ======================================================================== [6] News in Brief ======================================================================== DHS Privacy Complaints Increase in 2013, Many Databases Kept Secret According to the DHS, the agency received 964 privacy complaints between September 1, 2013 and November 30, 2013. By comparison, DHS received 295 privacy complaints during the same period in 2011. According to the report, most DHS systems comply with Privacy Act notice requirements. However, the report also indicates that the DHS maintains many databases with personally identifiable information that lack required Privacy Act notices. DHS: Quarterly Report to Congress (Apr. 2014) DHS: Quarterly Report to Congress (Mar. 2012) EPIC: DHS Chief Privacy Office and Privacy Consumer Reports: 85% of Shoppers Oppose Internet Ad Tracking According to a recent study by Consumer Reports, consumers overwhelmingly object to having their online activities tracked for advertising purposes. The report found that 85% of consumers would not trade even anonymized personal data for targeted ads. Additionally, 76% of consumers said that targeted advertising adds "little or no value" to their shopping activities. Consumer Reports: Study on Consumers and Data Brokers (May 27, 2014) EPIC: Public Opinion on Privacy EPIC: Privacy and Consumer Profiling EPIC: Online Tracking and Behavioral Profiling EPIC: Practical Privacy Tools Google Plans Advertising on Appliances, Including Nest Thermostat In a letter to the US Securities and Exchange Commission, Google announced plans to place targeted ads on Google-controlled appliances. "A few years from now, we and other companies could be serving ads and other content on refrigerators, car dashboards, thermostats, glasses, and watches, to name just a few possibilities," Google wrote. The proposal raises significant privacy concerns for the "Internet of Things." Earlier in 2014, EPIC warned the FTC about Google's acquisition of Nest Labs, maker of a smart thermostat, stating, "Google regularly collapses the privacy policies of the companies it acquires." Nevertheless, the Commission approved Google's acquisition without further review. Google: Letter to SEC re: Advertising (Jan. 29, 2013) EPIC: Comments to FTC on 'Internet of Things' (June 1, 2013) EPIC: Complaint to FTC re: Google's Acquisition of Nest (Mar. 21, 2014) Google: Press Release on Acquisition of Nest Labs (Jan. 13, 2014) FTC: Announcement of Approval in Google/Nest Deal (Feb. 4, 2014) EPIC: In re: WhatsApp EPIC: Google/Doubleclick EPIC: FTC Press Groups Challenge Ban on Commercial Drones More than a dozen news media organizations have filed a "friend of the court" brief opposing the Federal Aviation Administration's ban on commercial drones. The ban was suspended earlier in 2014 by an administrative judge. The news organizations argue that the ban violates the media's First Amendment right of the press; however, the rule concerns public safety rather than the content of speech or the identity of the speaker. In 2012, EPIC, joined by over 100 organizations, petitioned the Federal Administration Agency to address the privacy issues raised by drones and in 2013 the Agency agreed to do so. In response to the FAA's 2013 request for public comments in 2013, EPIC urged the Federal Aviation Administration to mandate minimum privacy standards for drone operators. Media Coalition: "Friend of the Court" Brief re: Drones (May 6, 2014) NTSB: Suspension of Drone Ban (Mar. 6, 2014) EPIC et al.: Petition to FAA re: Drone Privacy (Mar. 8, 2012) EPIC: Letter from FAA re Drone Privacy (Feb. 14, 2013) EPIC: Comments to FAA re: Drone Privacy (Apr. 23, 2013) EPIC: Domestic Drones ======================================================================== [7] EPIC in the News ======================================================================== "Computer Programs Are People, Too." The Nation, May 29, 2014. people-too# "FTC report urges curbs on data brokers, transparency for consumers." The Seattle Times, May 28, 2014. ftcdatabrokersxml.html "New Curbs Sought on the Personal Data Industry." The New York Times, May 27, 2014. to-shed-more-light-on-data-collection.html "85% of online consumers oppose Internet ad tracking, Consumer Reports finds." Consumer Reports, May 27, 2014. oppose-internet-ad-tracking/index.htm "Can Student Data Improve Learning Without Compromising Privacy?" Government Technology, May 27, 2014. Learning-Without-Compromising-Privacy.html "Include the Public in the Debate." Opinion by EPIC Adminstrative Law Counsel Khaliah Barnes. The New York Times, May 26, 2014. include-the-public-in-the-debate-over-surveillance "'Smart pills' with chips, cameras and robotic parts raise legal, ethical questions." The Washington Post, May 24, 2014. with-chips-cameras-and-robotic-parts-raise-legal-ethical-questions/ 2014/05/24/6f6d715e-dabb-11e3-b745-87d39690c5c0_story.html "Missouri lawmakers back electronic privacy efforts." Jefferson City News Observer, May 24, 2014. back-electronic.html?sp=/99/104/ "Some Privacy, Please? Facebook, Under Pressure, Gets the Message." The New York Times, May 22, 2014. privacy-checkup-to-all-1-28-billion-users.html "What's Really At Stake? Untangling the Big Issues Around Student Data." KQED's Mind/Shift, May 22, 2014. untangling-issues-around-student-data-privacy/ "Hackers target millions of eBay users." Euro News, May 22, 2014. users/ "Google Could Soon Put Ads Almost Everywhere;Even on Your Face." Fast Company, May 21, 2014. google-could-soon-put-ads-almost-everywhere-even-on-your-face "Assange targeted by FBI probe, US court documents reveal." The Sydney Morning Herald, May 20, 2014. court-documents-reveal-20140520-38l1p.html "What you really agree to when you click 'accept'." CNN Money, May 19, 2014. "California finds 'right to privacy' for anonymous online commenters." Reuters, May 16, 2014. finds-right-to-privacy-for-anonymous-online-commenters/ "Breaking down the White House big data and privacy report." CNN Money, May 16, 2014. house-big-data-and-privacy-report/ "Europe court ruling reboots Web privacy rules for Google, others." Los Angeles Times, May 14, 2014. story.html For More EPIC in the News: ======================================================================== [8] EPIC Bookstore ======================================================================== "Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws 2010," edited by Harry A. Hammitt, Marc Rotenberg, John A. Verdi, Ginger McCall, and Mark S. Zaid (EPIC 2010). Price: $75. Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws is the most comprehensive, authoritative discussion of the federal open access laws. This updated version includes new material regarding President Obama's 2009 memo on Open Government, Attorney General Holder's March 2009 memo on FOIA Guidance, and the new executive order on declassification. The standard reference work includes in-depth analysis of litigation under: the Freedom of Information Act, the Privacy Act, the Federal Advisory Committee Act, and the Government in the Sunshine Act. The fully updated 2010 volume is the 25th edition of the manual that lawyers, journalists and researchers have relied on for more than 25 years. ================================ "Information Privacy Law: Cases and Materials, Second Edition" Daniel J. Solove, Marc Rotenberg, and Paul Schwartz. (Aspen 2005). Price: $98. This clear, comprehensive introduction to the field of information privacy law allows instructors to enliven their teaching of fundamental concepts by addressing both enduring and emerging controversies. The Second Edition addresses numerous rapidly developing areas of privacy law, including: identity theft, government data mining and electronic surveillance law, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, intelligence sharing, RFID tags, GPS, spyware, web bugs, and more. Information Privacy Law, Second Edition, builds a cohesive foundation for an exciting course in this rapidly evolving area of law. ================================ "Privacy & Human Rights 2006: An International Survey of Privacy Laws and Developments" (EPIC 2007). Price: $75. This annual report by EPIC and Privacy International provides an overview of key privacy topics and reviews the state of privacy in over 75 countries around the world. The report outlines legal protections, new challenges, and important issues and events relating to privacy. Privacy & Human Rights 2006 is the most comprehensive report on privacy and data protection ever published. ================================ "The Public Voice WSIS Sourcebook: Perspectives on the World Summit on the Information Society" (EPIC 2004). Price: $40. This resource promotes a dialogue on the issues, the outcomes, and the process of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). This reference guide provides the official UN documents, regional and issue-oriented perspectives, and recommendations and proposals for future action, as well as a useful list of resources and contacts for individuals and organizations that wish to become more involved in the WSIS process. ================================ "The Privacy Law Sourcebook 2004: United States Law, International Law, and Recent Developments," Marc Rotenberg, editor (EPIC 2005). Price: $40. The Privacy Law Sourcebook, which has been called the "Physician's Desk Reference" of the privacy world, is the leading resource for students, attorneys, researchers, and journalists interested in pursuing privacy law in the United States and around the world. It includes the full texts of major privacy laws and directives such as the Fair Credit Reporting Act, the Privacy Act, and the OECD Privacy Guidelines, as well as an up-to-date section on recent developments. New materials include the APEC Privacy Framework, the Video Voyeurism Prevention Act, and the CAN-SPAM Act. ================================ "Filters and Freedom 2.0: Free Speech Perspectives on Internet Content Controls" (EPIC 2001). Price: $20. A collection of essays, studies, and critiques of Internet content filtering. These papers are instrumental in explaining why filtering threatens free expression. ================================ EPIC publications and other books on privacy, open government, free expression, and constitutional values can be ordered at: EPIC Bookstore: ================================ EPIC also publishes EPIC FOIA Notes, which provides brief summaries of interesting documents obtained from government agencies under the Freedom of Information Act. Subscribe to EPIC FOIA Notes at: ======================================================================= [9] Upcoming Conferences and Events ======================================================================= Fourth Annual International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy. Washington, DC, June 4-5, 2014. For More Information: Computers, Freedom & Privacy. Warrenton, VA, June 8-10, 2014. For More Information: Italian Parliament: "Toward an Internet Bill of Rights." Speaker: EPIC President Marc Rotenberg. Rome, June 16, 2014. For More Information: rig.html. OECD: "Internet Policy and Governance." Speaker: EPIC President Marc Rotenberg. Paris, June 20, 2014. IEEE Presents "Reintroducing Norbert Wiener in the 21st Century." Boston, 24-26 June 2014. For More Information: ======================================================================= Join EPIC on Facebook and Twitter ======================================================================= Join the Electronic Privacy Information Center on Facebook and Twitter: Start a discussion on privacy. Let us know your thoughts. Stay up to date with EPIC's events. Support EPIC. ======================================================================= Privacy Policy ======================================================================= The EPIC Alert mailing list is used only to mail the EPIC Alert and to send notices about EPIC activities. We do not sell, rent or share our mailing list. We also intend to challenge any subpoena or other legal process seeking access to our mailing list. We do not enhance (link to other databases) our mailing list or require your actual name. In the event you wish to subscribe or unsubscribe your e-mail address from this list, please follow the above instructions under "subscription information." ======================================================================= About EPIC ======================================================================= The Electronic Privacy Information Center is a public interest research center in Washington, DC. It was established in 1994 to focus public attention on emerging privacy issues such as the Clipper Chip, the Digital Telephony proposal, national ID cards, medical record privacy, and the collection and sale of personal information. EPIC publishes the EPIC Alert, pursues Freedom of Information Act litigation, and conducts policy research. For more information, see or write EPIC, 1718 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009. +1 202 483 1140 (tel), +1 202 483 1248 (fax). ======================================================================= Support EPIC ======================================================================= If you'd like to support the work of the Electronic Privacy Information Center, contributions are welcome and fully tax-deductible. Checks should be made out to "EPIC" and sent to 1718 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009. Or you can contribute online at: Your contributions will help support Freedom of Information Act and First Amendment litigation, strong and effective advocacy for the right of privacy and efforts to oppose government and private-sector infringement on constitutional values. ======================================================================= Subscription Information ======================================================================= Subscribe/unsubscribe via web interface: Back issues are available at: The EPIC Alert displays best in a fixed-width font, such as Courier. ------------------------- END EPIC Alert 21.10------------------------

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