E P I C A l e r t
Volume 21.11 June 16, 2014
Published by the
Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC)
"Defend Privacy. Support EPIC."
Table of Contents
 EPIC v. NSA: EPIC Obtains Presidential Directive for Cybersecurity
 EPIC Celebrates 20 Years of Protecting Privacy
Urges FTC to Protect Snapchat Users' Privacy
 FTC Urges Court to Protect Student Privacy
 EPIC Brief: Extend Relief for Driver
 News in Brief
 EPIC in the News
 EPIC Book Review: 'The Sting of the Drone'
 Upcoming Conferences
 EPIC v. NSA: EPIC Obtains Presidential
Directive for Cybersecurity
After almost five years, EPIC
has obtained National Security
Presidential Directive (NSPD) 54 in response to a Freedom of
Information Act request to the NSA. The Directive was issued by
President George W. Bush in January 2008 and is the basis for all
recent US cybersecurity
policies. For the first time, the public has
access to the document empowering federal agencies to share
develop offensive cyber programs and
improve automated and predictive cyber technologies.
The previously Top Secret NSPD 54 reveals
the underlying legal
authority for significant changes to federal cybersecurity over the
last five years, and is markedly different
from overview previously
released by the White House. The 15-page document, provided to EPIC
with little redaction, reveals new
information about the government's
coordinated cybersecurity efforts, including the enumerated
responsibilities of each involved
federal agency, the establishment of
a cyber-center and the National Cyber Investigative Task Force, and
deployment of the Einstein
EPIC first sought public release of NSPD 54 in 2009. After the agency
failed to disclose the document,
EPIC filed suit. A federal district
court ruled in 2013 that the Directive was not subject to the Freedom
of Information Act, and EPIC subsequently filed an appeal in the US
Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit.
EPIC filed an opening brief in the Federal
Appeals Court on March 31,
2014. On June 5, 2014, just a few days before the government's brief
was due,the NSA released the document
to EPIC and offered to settle
EPIC: Text of NSPD 54 (Jan. 9, 2008)
EPIC: EPIC v. NSA (NSPD 54)
EPIC: EPIC v. NSA (NSPD 54 Appeal)
EPIC: Brief in NSPD 54 (Apr. 7, 2014)
Public Citizen et al.: "Friend of the Court" Brief (Apr. 7, 2014)
 EPIC Celebrates 20 Years of Protecting Privacy
EPIC celebrated 20 years of privacy advocacy at a June 2 awards
dinner in Washington, DC. EPIC presented the 2014 Champions of
Awards to Rep. Justin Amash (R-MI), newspaper The Guardian, and Edward
Snowden for their roles in bringing to light and
opposing the National
Security Agency's mass telephone surveillance program. Bruce Schneier
hosted the event and EPIC President
Marc Rotenberg delivered remarks on
the occasion of EPIC's 20th anniversary.
Professor Anita Allen of the University of Pennsylvania
EPIC Lifetime Achievement Award, based on her work over the years as
the nation's leading privacy scholar. Allen has
written and lectured
widely on privacy law and ethics, and has been a member of EPIC's
Edward Snowden was unable
to accept in person, but delivered a recorded
message thanking EPIC for the award and for continuing to work on
behalf of privacy.
EPIC established the Champion of Freedom Awards in 2004 to recognize
individuals and organizations that have helped safeguard the
privacy with courage and integrity. Previous recipients include Senator
Patrick Leahy (D-VT) (2004); Rep. Ed Markey (D-MA),
litigator Paul Smith, and producer/director DJ Caruso (2009);
Rep. Joe Barton (R-TX), privacy philanthropy The Rose
former FTC Chair Pamela Jones Harbour (2010); Reps. Jason Chaffetz
(R-UT) and Rush Holt (D-NJ), The Wall Street
Journal, and former Miss
USA Susie Castillo (2011); Sen. Al Franken (D-MN), Judge Alex Kozinski,
journalist Dana Priest, cryptographer
Whitfield Diffie, and the late
computer pioneer Willis Ware (2012); and Sens. Rand Paul (R-KY)
and Ron Wyden (D-OR), journalist
Martha Mendoza, consumer advocate
Susan Grant, and legal scholar David Flaherty (2013).
EPIC: 2014 Champion of Freedom Awards
EPIC: About Edward Snowden
EPIC: Edward Snowden Accepting Award at Dinner (Jun. 2, 2014)
Bruce Schneier: Blog Post on Dinner (Jun. 4, 2014)
EPIC: Remarks of EPIC President Marc Rotenberg at Dinner (Jun. 2, 2014)
EPIC: Announcement of EPIC's Creation (1994)
 EPIC Urges FTC to Protect Snapchat Users' Privacy
EPIC has submitted comments to the Federal Trade Commission
agency's proposed consent agreement with photo-app maker Snapchat,
urging the FTC to require Snapchat to safeguard consumer
Following a 2013 EPIC complaint, the FTC investigated Snapchat and
subsequently signed a consent order with the company.
app encourages users to share intimate photos and videos, claiming that
pictures and videos would "disappear
forever." In fact, this claim was
false: As EPIC explained, "Snapchat photos and videos remain available
to others even after users
are informed that the photos and videos have
The FTC investigation into Snapchat not only confirmed the deceptive
practice described in EPIC's complaint but unearthed additional
deceptive practices. Snapchat claimed users would receive a
if a recipient of a photo or video took a screenshot; the
FTC found this not to be the case. The FTC also found that Snapchat
location and contact information without properly notifying
EPIC expressed support for the FTC's recent findings and recommended
that the agency require Snapchat to implement the Consumer Privacy Bill
of Rights, which would impose certain requirements on the
and use of personal information in the social networking context. EPIC
also recommended that the agency make Snapchat's
assessments publicly available.
In 2007, EPIC pursued similar claims involving false promises about
deletion with AskEraser. EPIC has also made similar recommendation
for other proposed FTC consumer privacy settlements. Previous
complaints have lead to FTC consent agreements with various companies,
including Google and Facebook.
EPIC: Comments on
Proposed Consent Snapchat Agreement (June 9, 2014)
FTC: Proposed Consent Order with Snapchat (May 8, 2014)
EPIC: Complaint to FTC re: Snapchat (May 16, 2013)
EPIC: Federal Trade Commission
 FTC Urges Court to Protect Student Privacy
The Federal Trade Commission is opposing the sale of student data in a
bankruptcy proceeding for ConnectEDU, an educational technology
students "reasonable notice and an opportunity
to remove personally
identifiable information" from the website. The FTC has said that the
sale of student information "without
reasonable notice to users and an
opportunity to remove personal information would contradict the privacy
made to users."
The FTC letter also cites consent agreements with Snapchat, Google, and
Facebook, each of which was a result of
an EPIC complaint with the FTC.
In 2013, EPIC filed an extensive complaint over Scholarships.com's
business practices, which encourage
students to divulge sensitive
medical, sexual orientation, and religious data in order to obtain
financial aid information.
and other private companies have been able to access student
data after the US Department of Education amended the Family Educational
Rights and Privacy Act, a federal student privacy law. In 2012, EPIC
sued the Education Department over those changes, arguing
changes significantly weakened student privacy protections and that the
agency did not have statutory authority to amend
the law. The FTC has
recently made other strides to protect student information, including
providing guidance for schools and private
companies collecting student
data for children under 13.
Senators Edward Markey (D-MA) and Orrin Hatch (R-UT) have
"Protecting Student Privacy Act." The draft bill:
"(1) requires that data security safeguards be put in place to
sensitive student data that is held by private
(2) prohibits the use of students' personally identifiable
information to advertise or market a product or service;
(3) provides parents with the right to access the personal
information about their children - and amend that information if
it's incorrect -- that is held by private companies
just as they
would if the data were held by the school itself;
(4) makes transparent the name of companies that have
student information by directing school districts to maintain a
record of all outside companies with
which the school contracts;
(5) minimizes the amount of personally identifiable information
that is transferred from
schools to private companies;
(6) ensures private companies cannot maintain dossiers on students
in perpetuity by requiring
the companies to later delete
personally identifiable information."
The proposed legislation also highlights many of the
endorsed in its Student Privacy Bill of Rights.
FTC: Statement in ConnectEdu Bankruptcy (May 22, 2014)
ConnectEdu: Bankruptcy Filing (Apr. 28, 2014)
EPIC: FTC Complaint re: Scholarships.com (Dec. 12, 2013)
FTC: In the Matter of Snapchat, Inc. (May 14, 2014)
FTC: In the Matter of Google, Inc. (Oct. 24, 2011)
FTC: In the Matter of Facebook, Inc. (Aug. 10, 2012)
EPIC: EPIC v. U.S. Department of Education
Sen. Ed Markey: Release on Student Privacy Legislation (May 14, 2014)
EPIC: Federal Trade Commission
The Washington Post: "Why a 'Student Privacy Bill of Rights' is Desperately
Needed" (Mar. 6, 2014)
EPIC: Student Privacy
 EPIC Brief: Extend Relief for Driver Privacy Claims
EPIC has filed a "friend of the court" brief in McDonough
County, a case involving the Driver's Privacy Protection Act. The DPPA
was enacted by Congress in 1994 to protect the
privacy of motor vehicle
information held by state Department of Motor Vehicles and prohibits
the disclosure, except in narrow
circumstances, of sensitive personal
information that individuals are required to provide to state DMVs.
EPIC's brief argues that
the previous rule applied by a lower court was
wrong and would limit the ability of many DPPA victims to seek redress
court by cutting off their claims before they had a chance
to discover them. Rather, EPIC advocates different a legal rule, the
"discovery rule," so the statute of limitations on these claims does
not begin running until victims know, or have reason to know,
information has been impermissibly accessed.
"Because SSNs and other sensitive personal data obtained by DMVs,"
states, "[and] are used in such a wide variety of
contexts, it may be months or years before an individual becomes
aware that their
data has been misused or that their identity has been
stolen. Special protections are necessary for driver records because of
increasing risk of identity theft."
EPIC has been a frequent defender of DPPA and filed several "friend of
the court" briefs in
DPPA cases, including two in the US Supreme Court,
urging federal courts to uphold the intent of the Act.
EPIC: Brief in McDonough
v. Anoka County (Jun. 4, 2014)
EPIC: McDonough v. Anoka County
EPIC: Reno v. Condon (1999)
EPIC: Maracich v. Spears
EPIC: Gordon v. Softech Int'l
 News in Brief
Facebook to Profile User Browsing, May Violate FTC Consent Order
Facebook has announced that it will begin collecting detailed browser
history on users for advertising purposes. Users who object were told
to opt-out. Facebook's plan may violate a Federal Trade Commission
order that prohibits the company from changing business practices
without users' express consent. The FTC order follows from complaints
filed by EPIC and other consumer privacy organizations in 2009 and
2010. In issuing the order, the FTC found that Facebook "deceived
consumers by telling them they could keep their information on Facebook
private, and then repeatedly allowing it to be shared and
A recent Consumer Reports poll found that consumers overwhelmingly
object to having their online activities tracked
Facebook: Post on Advertising Changes (Jun. 12, 2014)
FTC: Facebook Order on User Consent (Aug. 10, 2012)
EPIC: In re Facebook (Dec. 17, 2009)
EPIC: In re Facebook II (May 5, 2014)
FTC: Press Release on Google Settlement (Nov. 29, 2011)
Consumer Reports: Poll on Privacy (May 27, 2014)
EPIC: Facebook Privacy
EPIC: FTC Facebook Settlement
EPIC: Online Tracking and Behavioral Profiling
EPIC: Practical Privacy Tools
EPIC Open Government Director Appointed to FOIA Advisory Committee
EPIC Open Government Project Director Ginger McCall has been
appointed to the federal government's Freedom of Information Act
(FOIA) Modernization Committee, whose goal is advising on ways to
improve the administration of FOIA. The Committee will have 20
members - 10 from within government and 10 from outside of government -
and will chaired by Office of Government Information Services
Miriam Nisbet. The first meeting will be held at the National Archives
and Records Administration in Washington, DC on
June 24, from 10:00AM-
EPIC: Ginger McCall
National Archives FOIA Ombudsman: Committee Meeting (Jun. 4, 2014)
OGIS: Federal FOIA Ombudsman
National Archives FOIA Ombudsman: "Modernizing FOIA" (Jan. 29, 2014)
EPIC: FOIA Cases
Senate Holds Hearing on Consumer Location Privacy Protection
The US Senate Judiciary Committee held a June 4 hearing on the
Privacy Protection Act of 2014," authored by Senator Al Franken (D-MN).
In an opening statement, Senator Franken stated
that the "bill makes
sure that if a company wants to get your location...they need to get
your permission first." Director of the
FTC Consumer Protection Bureau,
Jessica Rich, testified that location data is "sensitive information"
that "raises privacy concerns."
The FTC recently signed a 20-year
consent order with photo-sharing app Snapchat after finding that
Snapchat was collecting location
information in contradiction to the
EPIC filed a complaint
with the agency detailing the company's
deceptive practices. In 2012 EPIC filed a "friend of the court" brief
in a State of New
Jersey v. Earls, a location privacy case in which the
New Jersey Supreme Court's landmark decision held that individuals have
expectation of privacy in their cell phone data.
Senate Judiciary Committee: Hearing on Location Privacy (Jun. 4, 2014)
GovTrack: Location Privacy Protection Act of 2014 (Mar. 27, 2014)
FTC: Text of Snapchat Settlement (May 8, 2014)
EPIC: Complaint to FTC re: Snapchat (May 16, 2013)
EPIC: "Friend of the Court" Brief in State v. Earls (Mar. 19, 2012)
EPIC: State v. Earls
EPIC: Location Privacy
Report: Half of US Adults' Data Hacked So Far in 2014
A new report finds that 432 million online accounts in the US have
hacked in the first half of 2014, affecting about 110 million users. In
the last year, 70 million Target customers, 33 million
Adobe users, 4.6
million Snapchat users, and potentially all 148 million eBay users had
their personal information exposed by database
breaches. The President's
science advisors recently found little risk in the continued collection
of personal data. However, the
FTC's recent report on data brokers
warned, "collecting and storing large amounts of data not only
increases the risk of a data
breach or other unauthorized access but
also increases the potential harm that could be caused." Earlier in
2014, EPIC urged the
White House to promote Privacy Enhancing
Techniques that minimize or eliminate the collection of personally
CNN/Ponemon Institute: Report on Hacked US Accounts in 2014 (May 2014)
Krebs on Security: Post on Target Hacks (Feb. 14, 2014)
EPIC: "Snapchat Data Breach Exposes 4.6 Million Usernames" (Jan. 2, 2014)
The Washington Post: Article on eBay Breach (May 23, 2014)
OSTP: President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology
PCAST: Report on Big Data and Privacy (May 14, 2014)
FTC: Report on Data Brokers (May 2014)
EPIC: Report to OSTP on Big Data and Privacy (Apr. 4, 2014)
EPIC: Big Data and the Future of Privacy
EPIC: Identity Theft
EPIC, Partners Draft Model FOIA Regulations
EPIC, in conjunction with Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in
the National Security Archive, and Openthegovernment.org,
has drafted model Freedom of Information Act regulations. Under the
"National Action Plan" for open government, the US Department of
Justice has been tasked with creating a
uniform set of FOIA regulations
that would apply across the government. EPIC's model FOIA regulations
are designed to make it easier
for FOIA requesters to obtain agency
documents, favorable fee status, and expedited processing. They would
also create a balancing
test that agencies would need to satisfy before
asserting Exemption 5 for internal agency memos. The model FOIA
received the endorsement of more than 25 transparency
and accountability groups.
Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington
George Washington University: The National Security Archive
EPIC et al.: Model FOIA Regulations
US Justice Dept.: Open Government Plan 3.0 (June 2014)
EPIC: Open Government
EU Cites Progress on Data Protection
Speaking in Luxembourg before the European Counsel of Justice, EU
Viviane Reding said that the EU Council had advanced two
key data protection goals in 2014. First, Reding announced an
on the rules that govern data transfers to third countries."
Second, Reding said, "Ministers agreed on the territorial scope of
data protection regulation. In simple words: EU data protection law
will apply to non-European companies if they do business
territory." Reding also stated that the EU is on track to ensure "the
completion of the Digital Single Market by 2015."
European Commission: V. Reding on Data Protection Goals (Jun. 6, 2014)
EU Council: Conclusions of 2013 Report (Oct. 2013)
EPIC: EU Data Protection Directive
EPIC: Council of Europe Privacy Convention
EPIC: "23 US NGOs Support EU Data Protection Regulation" (Oct. 2013)
Apple Announces New Privacy-Enhancing Techniques in iOS 8
Apple has announced new privacy-enhancing techniques that will limit
the ability of third parties to track Apple mobile devices.
Specifically, iOS8 will use "random, locally administered MAC
rather than unique device IDs, to connect to the Internet.
Currently, law enforcement and private companies can track mobile
because of the unique MAC address associated with each device.
In 2004 EPIC recommended that MAC addresses in IPv6 be randomized
avoid tracking. The change in the Apple iOS implements this proposal.
Apple WWDC: "User Privacy on iOS and OSX" (June 2014)
Quartz.com: Post on iOS8 (Jun. 9, 2014)
EPIC: Comments to NIST on IPv6 (Mar. 8, 2004)
EPIC: Practical Privacy Tools
EPIC: Location Privacy
 EPIC in the News
"Try a Little Common Sense: Some Material Ought to Be Delinked by
Google." Op-Ed in The New York Times, June 13, 2014.
"The Hightower Report: Is it smart to connect smartphones with smart
homes?" The Austin Chronicle, June 13, 2014.
"Facebook to Target Ads Based on Web Browsing." The Wall Street
Journal, June 12, 2014.
"Facebook Ad Targeting Will Use Even More Of Your Data." NPR, June 12,
"US pushing local cops to stay mum on surveillance." Bloomberg
Business Week, June 12, 2014.
"Facebook gets personal -- with your browsing data." Detroit Free
Press, June 12, 2014.
"Facebook will use your browsing history to target ads." KSDK St.
Louis, June 12, 2014.
"Experts propose model to close loopholes in FOIA regulations."
Federal News Radio, June 12, 2014.
"Microsoft Wages Court Fight to Prevent U.S. Search of Overseas Data."
EWeek, June 11, 2014.
"EPIC Pushes FTC For Stronger Snapchat Privacy Pact." Law360, June
"NSA Releases NSPD-54 on Cybersecurity Policy." Federation of American
Scientists, June 10, 2014.
"Internet connected 'things' worth billions to Canada." Calgary Herald,
June 10, 2014.
"The EPIC FOIA Battle for NSPD-54." Politico, June 9, 2014.
"A Public Advocate for Privacy." The National Law Review, June 6, 2014.
"N.H. Student Data Privacy Law 'One Of Most Comprehensive' In Nation."
New Hampshire Public Radio, June 5, 2014.
"Secret Service wants software that detects sarcasm on social media.
(Yeah, good luck.)." The Washington Post, June 3, 2014.
"FTC should raise the bar on use of data businesses sweep up on the
Internet." The Buffalo News, June 2, 2014.
"Intruders for the Plugged-In Home, Coming In Through the Internet."
The New York Times, June 1, 2014.
"Facebook's next conquest: Kids?" Politico, May 30, 2014.
For More EPIC in the News:
 EPIC Book Review: 'Sting of the Drone'
"Sting of the Drone," Richard A. Clarke
White House National Security veteran Richard Clarke's new action
thriller "Sting of the Drone" may establish a new genre for Washington
This book is not just a quick-paced novel about a clever plot to turn
drone warfare against the United States, it
is also a stinging critique
of current US policy by a former Presidential advisor. Toss the briefing
books and the PowerPoint presentations
- if you want to get your point
across in Washington, an action thriller may be the way to go.
And it is an excellent thriller.
Clarke brings us into the drone
operations center outside of Las Vegas, where drone pilots track
foreign targets and direct their
weaponized flying machines. Clarke
also takes us into a White House meeting for an agency head sign-off
on the target list, a process
that the President has claimed he
oversees. Clark tells a different story. And then he takes us into DC
hotel rooms for a little
spy colleagues rendezvous: "I meant what I
said that night at the Ritz. I like being single, too. I get that right
now your career
is central, mine is for me, too."
The tradecraft also keeps clicking. Clarke takes us through IP mapping,
GPS spoofing, data mining,
signal jamming, and facial recognition. We
learn a lot about the maneuverability of the Predator drone and the
of Stinger missiles. Clarke is very good on
detail. How many of his specifics are, or could be, real is an
considering that he is intimately familiar with
Clarke's take on the drone program is damning. Collateral damage
significant and understated by the White House. The key players are out
of their depth. The oversight is weak. The legal boundaries
clear. And for every target the US successfully takes out the blowback
Pushbutton warfare has consequences.
Clarke pushes the premise further
by describing a world in which the targets are fed up and decide to
change the rules of the game.
This premise is all the more frightening
because it has probably occurred, and the US is about to embark on a
of drone deployment within our borders. Clarke
speaks not only to our policy abroad but also to the flying machine
here at home.
Unfortunately, Clark's skepticism about drone warfare does not extend
to some of the other military technologies that have made
their way to
US shores. Facial recognition turns out to be surprisingly effective in
one key sequence, using a remarkable data
mining tool codenamed Minerva
that pretty much knows everything about everything. And it's always
Perhaps someone will
write a novel about a crowd-sourced effort to
identify a bombing suspect. A good twist would include a hi-tech
company trying to
establish its bona fides as a press organization
and a college student with a foreign name who commits suicide.
In the meantime,
EPIC will continue to help the ACLU and The New York
Times force the release of the legal memo that justified the killing of
citizens by drone. Whatever the legal theory is for shooting
down Americans with Flying Killer Robots, it should be made public.
-- Marc Rotenberg
EPIC Book Store
Under the Federal Open Government Laws 2010," edited by
Harry A. Hammitt, Marc Rotenberg, John A. Verdi, Ginger McCall, and Mark
S. Zaid (EPIC 2010). Price: $75.
Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws is the most
comprehensive, authoritative discussion of the federal open access
This updated version includes new material regarding President Obama's
2009 memo on Open Government, Attorney General Holder's
March 2009 memo
on FOIA Guidance, and the new executive order on declassification. The
standard reference work includes in-depth
analysis of litigation under:
the Freedom of Information Act, the Privacy Act, the Federal Advisory
Committee Act, and the Government in the Sunshine Act. The fully updated
2010 volume is the
25th edition of the manual that lawyers, journalists
and researchers have relied on for more than 25 years.
"Information Privacy Law: Cases and Materials, Second Edition" Daniel J.
Solove, Marc Rotenberg, and Paul Schwartz. (Aspen 2005).
This clear, comprehensive introduction to the field of information
privacy law allows instructors to enliven their teaching of fundamental
concepts by addressing both enduring and emerging controversies. The
Second Edition addresses numerous rapidly developing areas of
law, including: identity theft, government data mining and electronic
surveillance law, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance
intelligence sharing, RFID tags, GPS, spyware, web bugs, and more.
Information Privacy Law, Second Edition, builds a cohesive
for an exciting course in this rapidly evolving area of law.
"Privacy & Human Rights
2006: An International Survey of Privacy Laws
and Developments" (EPIC 2007). Price: $75.
This annual report by EPIC and Privacy International provides an
overview of key privacy topics and reviews the state of privacy
75 countries around the world. The report outlines legal protections,
new challenges, and important issues and events relating
Privacy & Human Rights 2006 is the most comprehensive report on privacy
and data protection ever published.
"The Public Voice WSIS Sourcebook: Perspectives on the World Summit on
the Information Society" (EPIC 2004). Price: $40.
This resource promotes a dialogue on the issues, the outcomes, and the
process of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS).
reference guide provides the official UN documents, regional and
issue-oriented perspectives, and recommendations and proposals
future action, as well as a useful list of resources and contacts for
individuals and organizations that wish to become more
involved in the
"The Privacy Law Sourcebook 2004: United States Law, International
and Recent Developments," Marc Rotenberg, editor (EPIC 2005). Price:
The Privacy Law Sourcebook, which has been called the "Physician's Desk
Reference" of the privacy world, is the leading resource
attorneys, researchers, and journalists interested in pursuing privacy
law in the United States and around the world.
It includes the full
texts of major privacy laws and directives such as the Fair Credit
Reporting Act, the Privacy Act, and the OECD
Privacy Guidelines, as well
as an up-to-date section on recent developments. New materials include
the APEC Privacy Framework, the
Video Voyeurism Prevention Act, and the
"Filters and Freedom 2.0: Free Speech Perspectives
on Internet Content
Controls" (EPIC 2001). Price: $20.
A collection of essays, studies, and critiques of Internet content
filtering. These papers are instrumental in explaining why filtering
threatens free expression.
EPIC publications and other books on privacy, open government, free
expression, and constitutional values can be ordered at:
EPIC Bookstore: http://www.epic.org/bookstore
EPIC also publishes EPIC FOIA Notes, which provides brief summaries of
interesting documents obtained
from government agencies under the
Freedom of Information Act.
Subscribe to EPIC FOIA Notes at:
 Upcoming Conferences and Events
Italian Parliament: "Toward an Internet Bill of Rights." Speaker:
EPIC President Marc Rotenberg. Rome, June 16, 2014. For More
Practising Law Institute: Fifteenth Annual Institute on Privacy and
Data Security Law. Speaker: EPIC Appellate Advocacy Counsel
New York, June 17, 2014. For More Information:
OECD: "Internet Policy and Governance." Speaker: EPIC President Marc
Rotenberg. Paris, June 20, 2014. For More Information:
IEEE Presents "Reintroducing Norbert Wiener in the 21st Century."
Boston, 24-26 June 2014. For More Information:
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