EPIC Alert 21.17
E P I C A l e r t
Volume 21.17 September 15, 2014
Published by the
Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC)
"Defend Privacy. Support EPIC."
Table of Contents
 After EPIC FOIA, Army Retracts Plan for Video in DC Blimp
 EPIC, Experts Support Privacy for Telephone Data in NSA Court
 EPIC (Finally) Obtains Memos on Warrantless Wiretapping Program
 FCC Fines Verizon $7.4 Million for Violating Consumer
 EPIC Seeks Electronic Voting Security Report
 News in Brief
 EPIC in the News
 EPIC Book Review: 'Hate Crimes
 Upcoming Conferences and Events
TAKE ACTION: Defend Student Privacy - Opt Out of Marketing!
Child's School's Privacy Policies: www.opt-out-now.info
LEARN about Student Privacy: http://epic.org/privacy/student/
SUPPORT EPIC: https://epic.org/support/
 After EPIC FOIA, Army Retracts Plan for Video in
Following the release of documents obtained
by EPIC in a Freedom
Information Act lawsuit, the Department of the Army now states it will
not include video surveillance cameras in the two giant blimps
to be deployed later this fall over the nation's capital. An
Army spokesperson told The Washington Post that the so-called JLENS
blimp will "'absolutely, 100 percent'" not include video capacity.
Earlier in 2014, EPIC filed a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit
against the Department of the Army for documents about the Joint Land
Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netted Sensor
Systems, or JLENS.
Prior to filing a Freedom of Information Act request, EPIC learned that
defense contractor Raytheon was developing a new "add on" for the JLENS
system. In early 2013, the company
demoed a "Multi-Spectral Targeting
System" with both electro-optical and infrared sensors. These
capabilities, according to the
manufacturer, will improve targeting of
the missile system. They also make it easier to track and identify
people moving on the
ground. Raytheon states that it was able to
identify, from one of the blimps set two miles in the air, a person in
exercise planting an improvised explosive device.
Previous EPIC FOIA cases have revealed that the surveillance systems
in Washington, DC were used to monitor political protesters on
the Capital Mall, and that DHS drones can be equipped with surveillance
technologies that include human identification on the ground.
In August 2014, EPIC received the first installment of the FOIA
documents on JLENS, providing the public with substantial new
information about the surveillance blimps, which were originally
deployed in Iraq. According to the documents, JLENS is comprised of
two 250-foot blimps. One blimp conducts aerial and ground surveillance,
while the other has targeting capability including HELLFIRE missiles.
The documents also reveal that the Army paid defense contractor
Raytheon $1.6 billion to produce the blimp.
EPIC will continue to receive documents related to JLENS through
October 10, the Army's
deadline for completing the document production.
EPIC's goal in this lawsuit is to determine what surveillance data the
to collect during the 3-year JLENS test.
The case is EPIC v. Dept. of Army, 1:14-cv-00776 (D.D.C. filed May 6,
Post: "Army Surveillance Balloons Stationed in Maryland
Won't Include Spy Cameras" (Sep. 5, 2014)
EPIC: First Interim Document Production on JLENS (Aug. 19, 2014)
EPIC: Complaint Against Army re: JLENS FOIA (May 6, 2014)
EPIC: EPIC v. Army - Surveillance Blimps
EPIC: Domestic Surveillance
 EPIC, Experts Support Privacy for Telephone Data
in NSA Court Case
EPIC, joined by 33 affiliated technical
experts and legal scholars, has
filed a "friend of the court" brief in support of a challenge to the
NSA's telephone records collection
program. The case, Smith v. Obama,
will be heard by the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit sometime in
Fall 2014. Earlier this
year, a lower court ruled that the Fourth
Amendment does not protect telephone call record information. The
court's decision was
based on a 1979 case, Smith v. Maryland.
EPIC's brief argues how the telephone network of the 1970s, when Smith
v. Maryland was
decided, is entirely unlike modern-day communications
systems. The EPIC brief details how modern communication technologies
a constant stream of detailed information about our lives,
raising privacy risks. "Changes in technology and the Supreme Court's
recent decision in Riley v. California favor a new legal rule that
recognizes the privacy interest inherent in modern communications
records," EPIC wrote.
The EPIC brief further explains how US consumers are dependent on cell
phones for a wide range of personal
and business activities; that a
great deal of personal information can be stored on cell phones; and
that mobile applications can
provide access to sensitive information
stored on remote servers. Cell phones can also serve as an authenticator
for identity in
mobile banking or even in gaining access to one's car or
home. According to the brief, "a mobile phone acts as a master key that
can grant access to, and prove a connection with, all of the user's
various online and offline identities. The phone provides a
personal data stored on the cloud. Like a password, control over the
phone is control over the data."
participates as a friend of the court in cases raising
novel privacy and civil liberties issues. Most recently, EPIC submitted
a brief in Riley v. California, a case in which the US Supreme Court
considered whether a warrant was required to search the data
arrested individual's mobile phone.
The Supreme Court ruled unanimously that a warrantless search of a
mobile phone violates
the Fourth Amendment.
EPIC: "Friend of the Court" Brief in Smith v. Obama (Sep. 9, 2014)
US District Court, Idaho: Decision in Smith v. Obama: (Jun. 6, 2014)
EPIC: Smith v. Obama
EPIC: "Friend of the Court" Brief in Riley v. CA (Mar. 10, 2014)
EPIC: Amicus Curiae Briefs
 EPIC (Finally) Obtains Memos on Warrantless Wiretapping
More than eight years after filing a Freedom of
Information Act request
for the legal justification behind President George W. Bush's
"Warrantless Wiretapping" program, EPIC has obtained a largely
unredacted version of two key memos (OLC54) and (OLC85) by former US
Justice Department official Jack Goldsmith.
wiretapping program was part of a National Security
Agency project codenamed STELLAR WIND, a broad program of email
phone record collection, and data collection.
EPIC requested these memos just four hours after The New York Times
broke the story
about the program in December 2005. The Times reported,
"after the Sept. 11 attacks, President Bush secretly authorized the
Security Agency to eavesdrop on Americans and others inside
the United States to search for evidence of terrorist activity without
the court-approved warrants ordinarily required for domestic spying."
EPIC requested "an audit of NSA domestic surveillance activities;
guidance or a 'checklist' to help decide whether probable cause exists
to monitor an individual's communications; communications
the use of information obtained through NSA domestic surveillance as
the basis for DOJ surveillance applications to
the FISC; and legal
memoranda, opinions or statements concerning increased domestic
surveillance." When the agency failed to release
the documents, EPIC
filed a lawsuit. The ACLU and the National Security Archive later
joined the case.
These two Office of Legal
Counsel memos offer the fullest justification
of the warrantless wiretapping program available to date, arguing that
has inherent constitutional power to monitor Americans'
communications without a warrant in a time of war. The memos reveal
the OLC distinguished between the contents of Internet
communications and their "metadata," and interpreted metadata as
outside the scope of Fourth Amendment protections. This
distinction was the key to the OLC's determination that it could
in warrantless wiretapping without Congressional approval or
However, some portions of the legal analysis, including
contrary authority, are still being redacted or otherwise withheld.
EPIC: OLC54 Memo (May 6, 2004)
EPIC: OLC85 Memo (Jul. 16, 2004)
The New York Times: "Bush Lets U.S. Spy on Callers Without Courts"
(Dec. 16, 2005)
EPIC: EPIC v. DOJ - Complaint (2006)
EPIC: EPIC v. DOJ - Warrantless Wiretapping Program
 FCC Fines Verizon $7.4 Million for Violating Consumer
Verizon will pay the Federal Communications Commission
$7.4 million to
settle claims that the company violated the privacy rights of nearly
two million customers. The FCC found that
Verizon failed to inform
customers of their privacy rights, including how to prevent their
personal information from being used
for marketing purposes.
Specifically, the FCC alleged that "for several years Verizon used its
customers' personal information
when tailoring marketing campaigns
without first providing its customers with the required notice or
obtaining their consent."
The head of the FCC's Enforcement Bureau
stated, "It is plainly unacceptable for any phone company to use its
information for thousands of marketing campaigns
without even giving them the choice to opt out."
The Verizon payment is the largest
consumer privacy settlement in FCC
history. In addition to the payment, Verizon is also required to
"improve how it protects the
privacy rights of its customers. For
example, Verizon will now include opt-out notices on every bill, not
just the first bill,
and it will put systems in place to monitor and
test its billing systems and opt-out notice process to ensure that
receiving proper notices of their privacy rights."
In 2013, EPIC urged the FCC to investigate Verizon's disclosure of
record information to the NSA. EPIC alerted the FCC that
Verizon was not only violating the privacy rights of its customers, but
also was in violation of the Telecommunications Act. EPIC explained to
the agency that "Consumers are completely dependent on Verizon
protection of their personal phone records," because "electronic
surveillance routinely occurs without any noticeable disturbance
target or to innocent bystanders whose personal communications are
intercepted. Thus, millions of consumers had no way of
their personal information had been illegally provided to the NSA by
EPIC previously supported the FCC
consumer privacy authority in a case
heard by the DC Circuit Court of Appeals.
FCC: Text of Adopting Order Against Verizon (Sep.
FCC: Press Release on Verizon Settlement (Sep. 3, 2014)
EPIC: Letter to FCC re: Verizon (Jun. 11, 2013)
EPIC: Customer Proprietary Network Information
EPIC: Nat'l Cable and Telecomm. Ass'n v. FCC
EPIC: In re EPIC
 EPIC Seeks Electronic Voting Security Report
EPIC has filed a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit to obtain test
reports about the functionality and security of an online voting
program promoted by the Department of Defense.
The California Secretary
of State, members of Congress, and voting rights advocates have tried
to obtain documents about the Federal
Voting Assistance Program's
voting systems for American service members living abroad, but the DOD
has kept them secret even after
promising public disclosure in 2012.
Computer scientists have long warned about the risks of electronic
absolutely critical for the documents sought in this matter be
disclosed prior to further deployment of e-voting systems in the
States," EPIC's complaint states.
EPIC's initial FOIA request in July 2014 asked for documents on:
"1.) 'FVAP Voting System
Testing Laboratory Functionality and
2.) 'VSTL Functionality and Security Testing'
Testing of Simulated Election'
4.) All other documents regarding system functionality and testing
of online ballots and
internet voting systems."
Two weeks later, the DOD replied, stating that there was no need for
EPIC's requested 20-day expedited
processing request, putting EPIC's
FOIA in the queue behind "1554 open requests."
EPIC's lawsuit now contends that there exists
an "urgency to inform the
public about an actual or alleged federal government activity, and that
"[f]air voting is a core democratic
principle and right. These test
results will indicate to the public whether or not government
administered systems are secure and
produce accurate, fair election
FVAP had previously promised the release of these documents, announcing
during a 2012
Congressional hearing that the information would be
available by the end of that calendar year.
EPIC: FOIA Complaint to DOD re:
E-Voting (Sep. 11, 2014)
EPIC: Initial FOIA Request to DoD re: E-Voting (Jul. 17, 2014)
EPIC: DOD Response to Initial FOIA Request (Jul. 31, 2014)
Defense Dept.: Federal Voting Assistance Program
GPO: Congressional Hearing on Voting Assistance Program (Sep. 13, 2012)
Politico: "DoD won't release e-voting penetration tests" (Jun. 16, 2014)
EPIC: Voting Privacy
EPIC: Open Government
 News in Brief
FTC Orders Google to Refund Parents $19M for Kids' Unauthorized Charges
The Federal Trade Commission has reached a settlement with
allegations that the company unfairly charged parents millions of
dollars for their children's in-app purchases. The
that Google provide full refunds for unauthorized purchases. The FTC
agreement will be subject to public comment,
due October 6, 2014.
Already in 2014 the Commission has settled charges with Apple and sued
Amazon for similarly charging parents
for their children's unauthorized
in-app purchases. Also in 2014, EPIC urged the FTC to require companies
subject to privacy consent
orders to adhere to the Consumer Privacy
Bill of Rights.
FTC: Press Release on Google Settlement (Sep. 4, 2014)
FTC: Press Release on Apple Settlement (Jan. 15, 2014)
FTC: Press Release on Amazon Lawsuit (Jul. 10, 2014)
EPIC: Comments to FTC on Safe Harbor (Feb. 20, 2014)
EPIC: Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights
EPIC: Search Engine Privacy
EPIC: Federal Trade Commission
Education New York Urges Parents to Protect Student Privacy
Education New York, a leading student privacy rights organization,
urging students and parents to opt-out of the use of educational
records for marketing purposes. This data typically includes
address, telephone number, birth date, and other personal information
found in student records. Education New York's founder
announced, "I'm thrilled that with greater awareness of the issues,
more parents have been joining the fight for
students' privacy rights."
EPIC has long supported stronger privacy protections for student
records. In 2012, EPIC sued the Education
Department over changes to
the student privacy law. Earlier in 2014, EPIC hosted a panel in
Washington, DC with Senator Ed Markey
(D-MA), "Failing Grade:
Education Records and Student Privacy."
Education New York
Education New York: Opt-Out - Protect Children
Education New York: Opt-Out - Protect Children (Video)
Education NY: Opt-Out - Protect Children (Press Release) (Aug. 2014)
EPIC: "Education Records and Student Privacy" (Jan. 14, 2014)
EPIC: EPIC v. US Department of Education
EPIC: Student Privacy
Home Depot Data Breach Exposes Millions of Credit Card Records
A data breach at Home Depot has exposed millions of consumers'
card records, according to an announcement from Home Depot's corporate
center. A September 8, 2014 press release reads,
" The Home Depot . . .
today confirmed that its payment data systems have been breached, which
could potentially impact customers
using payment cards at its U.S. and
Canadian stores." In the last year, 70 million Target customers, 33
million Adobe users, 4.6
million Snapchat users, and potentially all
148 million eBay users had their personal information exposed by
In May 2014, the President's science advisors
surprisingly found little risk in companies' massive collection of
Conversely, a recent FTC report on data brokers warned,
"Collecting and storing large amounts of data not only increases the
of a data breach or other unauthorized access but also increases
the potential harm that could be caused." EPIC has urged the White
House to enact the Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights and to promote
Privacy Enhancing Techniques that minimize or eliminate the collection
of personally identifiable information.
Home Depot: Press Release on Data Breach (Sept. 8, 2014)
Krebs on Security: Post on Target Breach
EPIC: "Snapchat Data Breach Exposes 4.6 Million Usernames" (Jan. 2, 2014)
Reuters: "EBay Says Client Information Stolen in Hacking Attack"
(May 22, 2014)
The White House: Report on "Big Data" and Privacy (May 2014)
FTC: Report on Data Brokers (May 2014)
EPIC: Comments to White
House on Big Data and Privacy (Apr. 4, 2014)
EPIC: Big Data and the
Future of Privacy
EPIC: Identity Theft
Pew Survey: Online Users Self-Censor Talk of Government Surveillance
According to the recent Pew Internet Research Report, "Social
and the 'Spiral of Silence,'" most social media users are afraid to
talk about government surveillance on Facebook, Twitter,
social platforms. Users were more willing to share their views on
government surveillance if they thought others shared
the same view.
Those who thought they held minority views were more likely to self-
censor - an effect known as the "spiral of silence."
In 2012, EPIC
obtained FOIA documents revealing that the Department of Homeland
Security monitored social media for political dissent.
Congressional hearing led DHS to cancel the program.
Pew Internet: "Social Media and the 'Spiral of Silence'" (Aug.
EPIC: EPIC v. DHS (Social Media Monitoring)
EPIC: Statement on Social Media Surveillance (Feb. 16, 2012)
EPIC: Public Opinion on Privacy
FTC To Explore "Big Data" and Discrimination
The Federal Trade Commission is hosting a September 15 workshop called
"Big Data: A Tool for Inclusion or Exclusion?". The FTC will explore
the effects of "big data" analytics on low-income and other
communities. Several members of the EPIC Advisory Board will be
participating. Earlier in 2014, the FTC published a
report on data
brokers, which warned, "collecting and storing large amounts of data
not only increases the risk of a data breach
or other unauthorized
access but also increases the potential harm that could be caused."
The White House also convened a task
force and published a report on
"big data" in 2014. At EPIC's urging, the White House included public
participation in the review
process. EPIC submitted extensive comments,
warning of the enormous risk to Americans of current "big data"
practices but also
made clear that problems are not new, citing the
Privacy Act of 1974. In 2009, EPIC testified in support of new
regulate the data broker industry.
FTC: Press Release on Big Data Workshop (Apr. 11, 2014)
EPIC: EPIC Advisory Board
FTC: Report on Data Brokers (May 2014)
The White House: Report on "Big Data" and Privacy (May 2014)
EPIC: Comments to White House on Big Data and Privacy (Apr. 4, 2014)
EPIC: Big Data and the Future of Privacy
EPIC: Privacy Act of 1974
EPIC: Congressional Testimony on Data Brokers (May 5, 2009)
 EPIC in the News
"Missouri lawmakers push electronic privacy, again." Associated Press,
Sept. 13, 2014.
"Yahoo's NSA challenge documents shed light on secret process" USA
Today, Sept. 12, 2014.
"U.S. threatened hefty fines to make Yahoo hand over user data."
Reuters, Sept. 11, 2014.
"With Apple Pay and Smartwatch, a Privacy Challenge." The New York
Times, Sept. 10, 2014.
"Reading Jack Goldsmith's STELLARWIND Memo (Part I)." Just Security,
Sept. 10, 2014.
"As Apple Moves into Health Apps, What Happens to Privacy?" The Wall
Street Journal, Sept. 9, 2014.
"Army: No Video Planned On Md. Surveillance Blimps." CBS Baltimore,
Sept. 8, 2014.
"Reddit and 4chan Begin to Button Up." The New York Times, Sept. 8,
"Will Photo Scandal Cloud Apple's iPhone Reveal?" Chicago Tribune,
Sept. 8, 2014.
"Redactions in U.S. Memo Leave Doubts on Data Surveillance Program."
The New York Times, Sept. 6, 2014.
"Legal memos released on Bush-era justification for warrantless
wiretapping." The Washington Post, Sept. 6, 2014.
Podcast: "Online privacy for public figures in the social media age."
Constitution Daily, Sept. 5, 2014.
"Meet the shadowy tech brokers that deliver your data to the NSA."
ZDNet, Sept. 5, 2014.
"Silicon Valley firms halted spread of grisly video." ABC News,
Sept. 4, 2014.
"After iCloud scandal, some say Apple needs 2-step log-in process."
SFGate, Sept. 4, 2014.
"D.C. cops making big investment in body cameras for patrol." The
Washington Times, Sept. 3, 2014.
"Army now says it won't put cameras on surveillance aircraft in
Maryland." The Washington Post, Sept. 3, 2014.
For More EPIC in the News: http://epic.org/news/epic_in_news.html
 EPIC Book Review: 'Hate Crimes in Cyberspace'
"Hate Crimes in Cyberspace," Danielle Keats Citron
In "Hate Crimes in Cyberspace," Professor Danielle Keats Citron
dissects the phenomenon of online hate crimes and proposes action
legislators, schools, law enforcement, websites, and individuals can
and should take to combat the increasingly endemic and
The book begins with a bang. Citron introduces three victims of online
hate crimes: a tech blogger; a law
student who was attacked on a message
board; and a victim of so called "revenge porn." All three victims are
women, which Citron
says is quite common. In fact, Citron contends,
60% - 70% of cyber-stalking victims are women, according to reports
from the US
National Violence Against Women Survey and the National
Center for Victims of Crimes. This disproportionate effect on women,
well as ethnic minorities and members of the LGBT community, is
central to Citron's argument that combating hate crimes in cyberspace
is the next civil rights movement.
Citron uses these three women's stories, often graphically, to
illustrate why cyber hate crimes
are particularly problematic not only
for individuals but also for society as a whole. She also provides
concrete solutions. Citron
maps ways for lawmakers, law enforcement,
harassment victims, parents, schools, and websites to combat online
hatred and violence.
Working together, she contends, is the only way to
stop the abuse and send a clear message to attackers that online
is just as real and unacceptable as it is in person.
One of the book's most important chapters, "Legal Reform for Site
and Employers," is an in-depth look at how the legal
community can help solve the problem of online hate crimes, focusing
on the numerous options and hurdles in this evolving area
of law. Perhaps most importantly for the legal community, Citron
an example of model legislation that uses the broad, yet
specific language necessary to provide remedies to victims of these
This model statute acts as a call to state legislatures to
pass similar laws, and the chapter acts as a roadmap of the many perils
of drafting such a statute.
Citron also discusses the difficulties of combatting online hate
crime while simultaneously protecting
free speech: "People often
bristle at the prospect of a regulatory response to cyber harassment,"
she says; even after 20 years,
the Internet is still perceived as a
"Wild West" where anything goes, including hate speech. However, Citron
contends that, since
physical world hate speech is not protected under
First Amendment free speech principles, why would Internet speech be
more protection than something said offline? Citron clearly
dissects free speech issues and demonstrates, point-by-point, how speech
will still be protected online.
Finally, Citron calls for a "cyber civil liberties agenda," similar to
past civil rights movements
combating workplace sexual harassment and
domestic violence. "Destructive behavior cannot be the answer to
unless we want a Hobbesian nightmare for our
society," Citron writes. "Hate Crimes in Cyberspace" serves as a field
guide on how
to stop cyber harassment through positive actions.
-- Sara R. Bennett
 EPIC Book Store
"Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws 2010," edited by
Harry A. Hammitt, Marc Rotenberg,
John A. Verdi, Ginger McCall, and Mark
S. Zaid (EPIC 2010). Price: $75.
Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws is the most
comprehensive, authoritative discussion of the federal open access
This updated version includes new material regarding President Obama's
2009 memo on Open Government, Attorney General Holder's
March 2009 memo
on FOIA Guidance, and the new executive order on declassification. The
standard reference work includes in-depth
analysis of litigation under:
the Freedom of Information Act, the Privacy Act, the Federal Advisory
Committee Act, and the Government in the Sunshine Act. The fully updated
2010 volume is the
25th edition of the manual that lawyers, journalists
and researchers have relied on for more than 25 years.
"Information Privacy Law: Cases and Materials, Second Edition" Daniel J.
Solove, Marc Rotenberg, and Paul Schwartz. (Aspen 2005).
This clear, comprehensive introduction to the field of information
privacy law allows instructors to enliven their teaching of fundamental
concepts by addressing both enduring and emerging controversies. The
Second Edition addresses numerous rapidly developing areas of
law, including: identity theft, government data mining and electronic
surveillance law, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance
intelligence sharing, RFID tags, GPS, spyware, web bugs, and more.
Information Privacy Law, Second Edition, builds a cohesive
for an exciting course in this rapidly evolving area of law.
"Privacy & Human Rights
2006: An International Survey of Privacy Laws
and Developments" (EPIC 2007). Price: $75.
This annual report by EPIC and Privacy International provides an
overview of key privacy topics and reviews the state of privacy
75 countries around the world. The report outlines legal protections,
new challenges, and important issues and events relating
Privacy & Human Rights 2006 is the most comprehensive report on privacy
and data protection ever published.
"The Public Voice WSIS Sourcebook: Perspectives on the World Summit on
the Information Society" (EPIC 2004). Price: $40.
This resource promotes a dialogue on the issues, the outcomes, and the
process of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS).
reference guide provides the official UN documents, regional and
issue-oriented perspectives, and recommendations and proposals
future action, as well as a useful list of resources and contacts for
individuals and organizations that wish to become more
involved in the
"The Privacy Law Sourcebook 2004: United States Law, International
and Recent Developments," Marc Rotenberg, editor (EPIC 2005). Price:
The Privacy Law Sourcebook, which has been called the "Physician's Desk
Reference" of the privacy world, is the leading resource
attorneys, researchers, and journalists interested in pursuing privacy
law in the United States and around the world.
It includes the full
texts of major privacy laws and directives such as the Fair Credit
Reporting Act, the Privacy Act, and the OECD
Privacy Guidelines, as well
as an up-to-date section on recent developments. New materials include
the APEC Privacy Framework, the
Video Voyeurism Prevention Act, and the
"Filters and Freedom 2.0: Free Speech Perspectives
on Internet Content
Controls" (EPIC 2001). Price: $20.
A collection of essays, studies, and critiques of Internet content
filtering. These papers are instrumental in explaining why filtering
threatens free expression.
EPIC publications and other books on privacy, open government, free
expression, and constitutional values can be ordered at:
EPIC Bookstore: http://www.epic.org/bookstore
EPIC also publishes EPIC FOIA Notes, which provides brief summaries of
interesting documents obtained
from government agencies under the
Freedom of Information Act.
Subscribe to EPIC FOIA Notes at:
 Upcoming Conferences and Events
OECD Forum of the Knowledge Economy. Speaker: EPIC President Marc
Rotenberg. Tokyo: Oct. 2, 2014. For More Information:
International Working Group on Data Protection and Telecommunications.
Speaker: EPIC President Marc Rotenberg. Berlin: Oct. 14-15,
For More Information: http://www.datenschutz-berlin.de/.
OECD Experts on International Security Guidelines. Speaker: EPIC
President Marc Rotenberg. Paris: Oct. 27, 2014. For More Information:
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