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EPIC Alert 21.02 [2014] EPICAlert 2

EPIC Alert 21.02

======================================================================= E P I C A l e r t ======================================================================= Volume 21.02 January 28, 2014 ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Published by the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) Washington, D.C. "Defend Privacy. Support EPIC." ========================================================================= Table of Contents ========================================================================= [1] Obama Announces End of NSA Telephone Record Collection Program [2] Markey Outlines New Student Privacy Legislation at EPIC Event [3] Review Group to Senate: NSA Program Has Not Prevented Threats [4] EPIC Files Appeal, Challenging Secrecy of Presidential Directive [5] EPIC Gives 2014 International Award to EU Parliament Member Albrecht [6] News in Brief [7] EPIC in the News [8] EPIC Bookstore [9] Upcoming Conferences and Events ========================================================================= [1] Obama Announces End of NSA Telephone Record Collection Program ========================================================================= In a widely anticipated January 17 speech on NSA reform, President Obama announced that he would cease the agency's telephone record collection program, first by requiring a court order for all queries and then by ending the NSA massive record request prior to the next renewal. EPIC, legal scholars, the President's Review Group, the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board, and sponsors of the USA FREEDOM Act, including Senators Patrick Leahy (D-VT) and Ron Wyden (D-OR), had urged the President to take this step. The President announced that the White House would move to implement "a majority of the recommendations" made by the Review Group, including: * Instituting a public advocate for the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court * New privacy rights for non-US citizens * More transparency for data collection * A narrowed focus on foreign data collection * Greater oversight of signals intelligence * A new Privacy Coordinator at the White House * A new panel to look closely at privacy and "Big Data." President Obama also announced Presidential Policy Directive 28, which governs domestic and foreign signals intelligence activity. The Directive specifies the purposes for which signals intelligence can be used, and explicitly bans the use of signals intelligence to suppress dissent; discriminate against people based on their ethnicity, race, gender, sexual orientation, or religion; or provide competitive advantage to US companies. The President added that the Directive requires all elements of the intelligence community to develop policies and procedures to safeguard personal information collected from signals intelligence. Still, the President may not have gone far enough to address the scope of NSA programs, the privacy rights of those outside the US, and the need to ensure stronger technical safeguards for Internet stability and reliability. The President also did not indicate whether the US would move to ratify the Council of Europe Privacy Convention or seek legislation to enact the Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights. The White House: President's Speech on NSA reform (Jan. 17, 2014) The White House: "Liberty and Security in a Changing World" (Dec. 2013) The White House: Presidential Policy Directive 28 (Jan. 17, 2014) The White House: "Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights" (Feb. 2012) EPIC: Council of Europe Privacy Convention ======================================================================== [2] Markey Outlines New Student Privacy Legislation at EPIC Event ======================================================================== At a January 14 briefing on Capitol Hill hosted by EPIC, Senator Ed Markey (D-MA) announced plans to introduce legislation to protect student data. Senator Markey set out four principles his bill would cover: (1) Student information may never be used to market products to children; (2) Parents must have the right to access and amend student information held by private companies; (3) Schools and private companies must safeguard student information; and (4) Companies must delete student information after it is no longer needed for educational purposes. Senator Markey made his remarks at the EPIC event "Failing Grade: Education Records and Student Privacy," which included a panel of leading experts in technology, student privacy, and the Chief Privacy Officer at the US Education Department. In 2013, Senator Markey sent a letter to the US Education Department, requesting information on the privacy "impact of increased collection and distribution of student data." Markey's questions included why the federal agency made changes to the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, a federal student privacy law; whether the agency "performed an assessment of the types of information" that schools disclose to third party vendors; and whether students and their families can obtain their information held by private companies. "By collecting detailed personal information about students' test results and learning abilities, educators may find better ways to educate their students," Markey wrote. "However, putting the sensitive information of students in private hands raises a number of important questions about the privacy rights of parents and their children." The Education Department's response suggested that when schools outsource to private companies, those schools should ensure the companies protect student data. Also in 2013, EPIC sent a letter to the US Senate and House Committees on Education, urging them to restore privacy protections for student data. EPIC also filed an extensive complaint with the Federal Trade Commission over the business practices of, a website that encourages students to divulge sensitive medical, sexual, and religious data in order to obtain financial aid information. claims that this information is used to locate scholarships and financial aid; the company, however, transfers student data to a business affiliate, American Student Marketing, which in turn sells the data for general marketing purposes. EPIC's complaint alleges that this is an unfair and deceptive trade practice, as is's failure to employ reasonable security measures. Following EPIC's complaint, the company improved website security. EPIC has a strong interest in student privacy. In 2013, EPIC filed a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit against the Education Department to uncover information about student loan debt-collection practices. As government contractors, debt collectors are required to follow the Privacy Act, a federal law that protects personal information. The Education Department also requires student-debt collectors to submit quality-control reports indicating whether the companies maintain accurate student loan information. Pursuant to the lawsuit, EPIC obtained documents revealing that many private debt collection agencies maintain incomplete and insufficient quality control reports. EPIC has also testified before the Colorado State Board of Education on privacy issues concerning companies that acquire student information. EPIC: "Failing Grade" (Symposium on Student Privacy) (Jan. 14, 2014) Sen. Ed Markey: Press Release on Student Privacy (Jan. 14, 2014) Sen. Ed Markey: Letter to ED re: FERPA Rule Changes (Oct. 22, 2013) Education Department: Response to Sen. Ed Markey (Jan. 13, 2014) EPIC: EPIC v. US Department of Education EPIC: Letter to Education Committees re: Student Privacy (Oct. 9, 2013) EPIC: FTC Complaint re: (Dec. 12, 2013) EPIC: EPIC v. ED - Private Debt Collector Privacy Act Compliance EPIC: Conserve Quality Control Reports EPIC: FOIA Docs Coast Professional Inc. Quality Control Reports (2010) EPIC: Testimony and Statement regarding inBloom, Inc. (May 16, 2013) EPIC: Student Privacy ========================================================================= [3] Review Group to Senate: NSA Program Has Not Prevented Threats ========================================================================= Members of the President's Review Group presented their recommendations for NSA reform at a recent Senate Judiciary Committee hearing. The expert panel set out 46 recommendations on a range of issues from reforming intelligence surveillance directed at US persons to promoting prosperity, security, and openness in the networked world. Review Group members stated the NSA's bulk collection of metadata had not prevented threats against the United States and recommended that the program be ended. Prior to release of the Review Group's report, EPIC met with the panel and subsequently submitted extensive comments, specifically urging the end of the NSA's bulk record collection program. EPIC also recommended the publication of declassified versions of Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court opinions, the creation of a special advocate to argue before the FISA Court in opposition of the government, and annual Inspector General reports that include a declassified summary of FISA Court decisions. In his January 17 speech on NSA reform, President Obama committed to implementing the "majority of the recommendations" made by the Review Group. The President spoke specifically of periodically reviewing FISA Court opinions for declassification and creating a panel of advocates to argue against the government in significant cases before the Court. Most significantly, President Obama announced the end of the NSA telephone record collection program. The Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board, an independent government agency, recently released a comprehensive analysis of the NSA's Section 215 telephone record collection program. The Oversight Board also called for the end of the NSA's telephone record collection program. A majority of the Oversight Board concluded that the program "lacks a viable legal foundation under Section 215." In 2013, EPIC filed a petition in the US Supreme Court challenging the legality of the NSA's telephone record collection program. Legal scholars and former members of the Church Committee supported the EPIC petition. US Senate: Hearing on President's Review Group Report (Jan. 14, 2014) The White House: "Liberty and Security in a Changing World" (Dec. 2013) EPIC: Comments to President's Review Group (Aug. 29, 2013) The White House: President's Speech on NSA reform (Jan. 17, 2014) PCLOB: Telephone Metadata Report (Jan. 23, 2014) EPIC: In re EPIC - NSA Telephone Records Surveillance ========================================================================= [4] EPIC Files Appeal, Challenging Secrecy of Presidential Directive ========================================================================= EPIC has filed an appeal with the DC Circuit Court of Appeals on a lower court's ruling in EPIC v. NSA - NSPD 54. NSPD 54 is a secret Presidential Directive that sets out the scope of the NSA's authority over computer networks inside the US. The lower court had determined that NSPD 54 is not subject to disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act. EPIC sought the Directive, signed by President George W. Bush in January 2008, from the National Security Agency after the White House disclosed the existence of the Directive but not the substance. After the agency failed to respond to EPIC's FOIA request, EPIC filed an administrative appeal, then a lawsuit. The Washington, DC District Court ruled in October 2013 that a Presidential Directive is not "an agency record" subject to the FOIA. To determine whether a document qualifies as an "agency record," a court will balance a set of factors describing the agency's "control" over the document. These factors include the extent to which the agency relies on the document, the extent to which the document is integrated into the functioning of the agency, the agency's ability to use the records as it sees fit, and the document writer's "intent to control" the document when it was created. The lower court in EPIC v. NSA only looked to the fourth factor - the President's "intent to control" the document when it was created. This was the first time a federal court had ruled that a Presidential Directive is not subject to the Freedom of Information Act. EPIC believes that the court misapplied the "control" test, and has asked the DC Appeals Court to determine "whether the district court erred in holding that a Presidential Directive in the possession of a federal agency is not an agency record subject to the FOIA." EPIC: Statement of the Issue Presented in EPIC v. NSA (Jan. 22, 2014) EPIC: Notice of Appeal in EPIC v. NSA - NSPD 54 (Dec. 17, 2013) DC District Court: Ruling in EPIC v. NSA - NSPD 54 (Oct. 21, 2013) EPIC: FOIA Request to NSA and NSD (Jun. 25, 2009) The White House: Summary of NSPD 54 EPIC: EPIC v. NSA - Cybersecurity Authority ========================================================================= [5] EPIC Gives 2014 International Award to EU Parliament Member Albrecht ========================================================================= EPIC has given the 2014 International Champion of Freedom Award to European Parliament Member Jan Philipp Albrecht for "modernizing and defending the law of data protection." Albrecht is a member of the German delegation to the European Parliament, a member of the German Green Party, and, at age 31, the youngest MEP. As a "rapporteur" for the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE), Albrecht has led efforts in the European Parliament to update European privacy law, including the EU-US Data Protection Directive. He is also an outspoken defender of privacy rights and has promoted the investigation of the NSA program of mass surveillance, including PRISM and TEMPORA. Albrecht received the award from EPIC at the 7th Annual Computers, Privacy & Data Protection conference in Brussels. Previous award recipients include privacy activist Max Schrems, Canadian Privacy Commissioner Jennifer Stoddart, European Parliamentarian Sophie In't Veld, Australian Jurist Michael Kirby, and Constitutional Law Scholar Stefano Rodotà. The award is given by EPIC annually in recognition of International Privacy Day, held every January 28. EU Parliament: Jan Philipp Albrecht EU: Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) European Parliament: LIBE Committee Inquiry (Sep. 5, 2013) EPIC: 2014 International Champion of Freedom Award Intl. Computers, Privacy & Data Protection Conference (Jan. 2014) EPIC: EU Data Protection Directive The Public Voice: Madrid Privacy Declaration (Nov. 2009) ======================================================================== [6] News in Brief ======================================================================== Oversight Board Calls for End of NSA Telephone Records Program The Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board has called for the end of the so-called "Section 215" program, which allows the NSA to collect the telephone records of all Americans. In a comprehensive report, the Oversight Board unanimously found that the program "has not proven useful in identifying unknown terrorists or terrorist plots" and that "telephone calling records, when collected in bulk and subjected to powerful analytic tools, can reveal highly sensitive personal information." A majority of the Board also concluded that Section 215 did not permit the routine collection of all telephone records on all Americans. The report set out 12 recommendations discussing additional privacy safeguards, greater transparency, and improvements to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court. Oversight Board members unanimously supported almost all of the recommendations. EPIC urged the Board at a 2013 public workshop to (1) find that Section 215 does not permit the collection of all telephone records by the NSA; (2) improve reporting of FISA activities; (3) establish new safeguards for transparency and accountability; and (4) reconsider the Constitutional basis of metadata collection in light of the scope of the government's activities and recent Supreme Court opinions. Also in 2013, EPIC petitioned the US Supreme Court to find the 215 Program unlawful. Former members of the Church Committee and dozens of legal scholars supported the EPIC petition. PCLOB: Report on Section 215 Program (Jan. 23, 2014) Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board EPIC: Statement Before PCLOB re: FISA (Jul. 9, 2013) EPIC: Petition to US Supreme Court re: NSA Metadata (Jul. 8, 2013) EPIC: In re EPIC - NSA Telephone Record Surveillance EPIC, Amnesty Urge Obama to Support Privacy in State of the Union Speech EPIC President Marc Rotenberg, Amnesty International Secretary General Salil Shetty, and members of the EPIC Advisory Board have asked President Obama to support privacy and the International Privacy Convention in his January 28 State of the Union speech, which this year falls on International Privacy Day. EPIC and Amnesty are urging the President to express support for privacy as a fundamental human right and to begin the process of ratification of the International Privacy Convention, supported by more than 40 countries around the world. In 2013, many members of the US Congress, including Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT), expressed support for International Privacy Day. Members of the EPIC Advisory Board also wrote to then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton about the Privacy Convention, urging US support. EPIC et al.: Letter to President Obama re: 2014 Speech (Jan. 22, 2014) EPIC: International Privacy Day Sen. Leahy (D-VT): Statement on Intl. Privacy Day 2013 (Jan. 28, 2013) EPIC: Council of Europe Privacy Convention EPIC et al.: Letter to Sec. Clinton on Convention 108 (Jan. 28, 2010) DHS Appeals Ruling in EPIC's 'Internet Kill Switch' Case The Department of Homeland Security has appealed a court ruling for EPIC in a Freedom of Information Act case involving Standard Operating Procedure 303, a protocol describing the government's plan for deactivating wireless communications networks, otherwise known as the "Internet Kill Switch." In 2012, EPIC filed a FOIA lawsuit against the agency, seeking information about the First Amendment and public safety implications of the protocol. A federal court ruled in late 2013 that the protocol could not be withheld under the FOIA because it was not an investigative technique and DHS had not established that releasing the document would cause harm to any individual. The Department of Justice has now appealed that decision to the DC Circuit Court of Appeals. DHS: Notice of Appeal in EPIC v. DHS (SOP 303) (Jan. 13, 2014) DC US District Court: Ruling in EPIC v. DHS (Nov. 12, 2013) EPIC: EPIC v. DHS - SOP 303 EPIC: EPIC FOIA Cases White House Announces Review of 'Big Data and the Future of Privacy' Following President Obama's Jan. 17 speech on reform of US intelligence collection programs, White House Counselor John Podesta has announced "a comprehensive review of the way that big data will affect the way we live and work; the relationship between government and citizens; and how public and private sectors can spur innovation and maximize the opportunities and free flow of this information while minimizing the risks to privacy." This is the first major privacy initiative announced by the White House since the 2012 release of the "Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights," and will involve key officials across the federal government, including the President's Science Advisor and the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. EPIC has participated in several workshops and studies on the intersection of privacy and "big data." The White House: President's Speech on Intel. Reform (Jan. 17, 2014) The White House: "Big Data and the Future of Privacy" (Jan. 23, 2014) The White House: "Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights" (Feb. 2012) The White House: Council of Advisors on Science and Technology The Aspen Institute: "The Promise and Peril of Big Data" (2010) Supreme Court Lets Stand Fourth Amendment Protections at the Border The US Supreme Court has declined to review the Ninth Circuit's decision in the case United States v. Cotterman, thus leaving in place expanded Fourth Amendment protections for searches occurring at the US border. In Cotterman, the federal appeals court held that the Fourth Amendment requires a border agent to have reasonable suspicion before using forensic tools to search laptops, cameras, and other digital devices. The court emphasized that the "comprehensive and intrusive nature of the forensic examination" is the key factor in triggering greater Fourth Amendment scrutiny. EPIC has argued previously that advanced traveler screening methods should only be employed subject to privacy protections. 9th Circuit Court: Decision in US v. Cotterman (Mar. 8, 2013) SCOTUSBlog: Cotterman v. US EPIC: Air Travel Privacy EPIC: Florida v. Jardines EPIC: Amicus Curiae Briefs ======================================================================== [7] EPIC in the News ======================================================================== "U.S. to allow companies to disclose more details on government requests for data." The Washington Post, Jan. 27, 2014. companies-to-disclose-more-details-on-government-requests-for-data/ 2014/01/27/3cc96226-8796-11e3-a5bd-844629433ba3_story.html "Obama vows to review big data privacy impact." Politico, Jan. 27, 2014. data-privacy-impact-102620.html "Change Agents: William Li's robot wants to police you." USA Today, Jan. 26, 2014. police-robot/4018047/ "Massive blimps over Maryland to conduct 24/7 domestic aerial surveillance." ComputerWorld, Jan. 22, 2014. maryland-conduct-247-domestic-aerial-surveillance "Danger Posed by Student-Data Breaches Prompts Action." Education Week, Jan. 22, 2014. "Make Legal Memos Public." Letter to the Editor by EPIC President Marc Rotenberg and Coordinator of EPIC's Open Government Project Julia Horwitz. The New York Times, Jan. 8, 2014. public.html "Obama sets good course on privacy debate," by EPIC President Marc Rotenberg. CNN, Jan. 17, 2014. "Supreme Court will decide if warrantless cellphone searches are constitutional." The Verge, Jan. 17, 2014. warrantless-cellphone-searches-legal-illegal "Top 5 Goals for Open Government in 2014," by EPIC Board Member Charlie Firestone. The Huffington Post, Jan. 16, 2014. for-open-gove_b_4613116.html "Target's data breach highlights state role in privacy." USA Today, Jan. 16, 2014. breach-states-privacy/4509749/ "Senators: Police Should Get Warrants to Use Drones in the U.S." Mashable, Jan. 15, 2014. "Some say they'll return Nest thermostat because of Google acquisition." LA Times, Jan. 14, 2014. privacy-20140114,0,4312762.story#ixzz2rAd00ysR "Forum on Privacy Examines Districts' Role in Protecting Data." Education Week, Jan. 14, 2014. privacy_examines_districts_role_in_protecting_data.html "Student Data Not a 'Product' To Be 'Sold to the Highest Bidder'." The Journal, Jan. 14, 2014. product-to-be-sold-to-the-highest-bidder.aspx#B9pyUmPIt5GDcVQR.99 "PreCheck unchecked: why the TSA is putting more people in the fast lane." The Verge, Jan. 14, 2014. everyone-through-precheck-security-screening "Google, let users opt in on privacy setting," by EPIC President Marc Rotenberg. CNN, Jan. 11, 2014. index.html For More EPIC in the News: ======================================================================== [8] EPIC Bookstore ======================================================================== "Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws 2010," edited by Harry A. Hammitt, Marc Rotenberg, John A. Verdi, Ginger McCall, and Mark S. Zaid (EPIC 2010). Price: $75. Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws is the most comprehensive, authoritative discussion of the federal open access laws. This updated version includes new material regarding President Obama's 2009 memo on Open Government, Attorney General Holder's March 2009 memo on FOIA Guidance, and the new executive order on declassification. The standard reference work includes in-depth analysis of litigation under: the Freedom of Information Act, the Privacy Act, the Federal Advisory Committee Act, and the Government in the Sunshine Act. The fully updated 2010 volume is the 25th edition of the manual that lawyers, journalists and researchers have relied on for more than 25 years. ================================ "Information Privacy Law: Cases and Materials, Second Edition" Daniel J. Solove, Marc Rotenberg, and Paul Schwartz. (Aspen 2005). Price: $98. This clear, comprehensive introduction to the field of information privacy law allows instructors to enliven their teaching of fundamental concepts by addressing both enduring and emerging controversies. The Second Edition addresses numerous rapidly developing areas of privacy law, including: identity theft, government data mining and electronic surveillance law, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, intelligence sharing, RFID tags, GPS, spyware, web bugs, and more. Information Privacy Law, Second Edition, builds a cohesive foundation for an exciting course in this rapidly evolving area of law. ================================ "Privacy & Human Rights 2006: An International Survey of Privacy Laws and Developments" (EPIC 2007). Price: $75. This annual report by EPIC and Privacy International provides an overview of key privacy topics and reviews the state of privacy in over 75 countries around the world. The report outlines legal protections, new challenges, and important issues and events relating to privacy. Privacy & Human Rights 2006 is the most comprehensive report on privacy and data protection ever published. ================================ "The Public Voice WSIS Sourcebook: Perspectives on the World Summit on the Information Society" (EPIC 2004). Price: $40. This resource promotes a dialogue on the issues, the outcomes, and the process of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). This reference guide provides the official UN documents, regional and issue-oriented perspectives, and recommendations and proposals for future action, as well as a useful list of resources and contacts for individuals and organizations that wish to become more involved in the WSIS process. ================================ "The Privacy Law Sourcebook 2004: United States Law, International Law, and Recent Developments," Marc Rotenberg, editor (EPIC 2005). Price: $40. The Privacy Law Sourcebook, which has been called the "Physician's Desk Reference" of the privacy world, is the leading resource for students, attorneys, researchers, and journalists interested in pursuing privacy law in the United States and around the world. It includes the full texts of major privacy laws and directives such as the Fair Credit Reporting Act, the Privacy Act, and the OECD Privacy Guidelines, as well as an up-to-date section on recent developments. New materials include the APEC Privacy Framework, the Video Voyeurism Prevention Act, and the CAN-SPAM Act. ================================ "Filters and Freedom 2.0: Free Speech Perspectives on Internet Content Controls" (EPIC 2001). Price: $20. A collection of essays, studies, and critiques of Internet content filtering. These papers are instrumental in explaining why filtering threatens free expression. ================================ EPIC publications and other books on privacy, open government, free expression, and constitutional values can be ordered at: EPIC Bookstore: ================================ EPIC also publishes EPIC FOIA Notes, which provides brief summaries of interesting documents obtained from government agencies under the Freedom of Information Act. Subscribe to EPIC FOIA Notes at: ======================================================================= [9] Upcoming Conferences and Events ======================================================================= "Assessing the Impact of PPD 28 on NSA Oversight," featuring EPIC National Security Counsel Jeramie Scott. Georgetown University Center for Security Studies, Washington, DC, Jan. 30, 2014. For More Information: presidential-policy-directive-28-on-the-nsa-and-the-broader- intelligence-tickets-10292829129 "The Future of Information Privacy Protection." Speaker: EPIC President Marc Rotenberg. Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, DC, Feb. 4, 2014. For More Information: Contact Kiana Graham at "Freedom of Speech and Privacy," featuring EPIC President Marc Rotenberg. University of Texas at Austin, Feb. 6, 2014. For More Information: about-the-series.php. "Civil Liberties Dead Zone: US Border Searches," featuring EPIC President Marc Rotenberg and former DHS Secretary Michael Chertoff. National Press Club, Washington, DC, Feb. 13, 2014. For More Information: dead-zone-us-borders. Fourth Annual International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy. Washington, DC, June 4-5, 2014. For More Information: IEEE Presents "Reintroducing Norbert Wiener in the 21st Century." Boston, 24-26 June 2014. For More Information: ======================================================================= Join EPIC on Facebook and Twitter ======================================================================= Join the Electronic Privacy Information Center on Facebook and Twitter: Start a discussion on privacy. Let us know your thoughts. Stay up to date with EPIC's events. Support EPIC. ======================================================================= Privacy Policy ======================================================================= The EPIC Alert mailing list is used only to mail the EPIC Alert and to send notices about EPIC activities. We do not sell, rent or share our mailing list. We also intend to challenge any subpoena or other legal process seeking access to our mailing list. We do not enhance (link to other databases) our mailing list or require your actual name. In the event you wish to subscribe or unsubscribe your e-mail address from this list, please follow the above instructions under "subscription information." ======================================================================= About EPIC ======================================================================= The Electronic Privacy Information Center is a public interest research center in Washington, DC. It was established in 1994 to focus public attention on emerging privacy issues such as the Clipper Chip, the Digital Telephony proposal, national ID cards, medical record privacy, and the collection and sale of personal information. EPIC publishes the EPIC Alert, pursues Freedom of Information Act litigation, and conducts policy research. For more information, see or write EPIC, 1718 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009. +1 202 483 1140 (tel), +1 202 483 1248 (fax). ======================================================================= Donate to EPIC ======================================================================= If you'd like to support the work of the Electronic Privacy Information Center, contributions are welcome and fully tax-deductible. Checks should be made out to "EPIC" and sent to 1718 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009. Or you can contribute online at: Your contributions will help support Freedom of Information Act and First Amendment litigation, strong and effective advocacy for the right of privacy and efforts to oppose government and private-sector infringement on constitutional values. Thank you for your support. ======================================================================= Subscription Information ======================================================================= Subscribe/unsubscribe via web interface: Back issues are available at: The EPIC Alert displays best in a fixed-width font, such as Courier. ------------------------- END EPIC Alert 21.02------------------------

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