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EPIC --- Privacy and Human Rights Report

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EPIC --- Privacy and Human Rights Report 2006

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ABIN Agência Brasileira de Informações (Brazilian Information Agency)

ABPD Brazilian Association of Record Producers

ACA Australian Communications Authority

ACT Australian Capital Territory

ADA Americans with Disabilities Act (United States)

AGC Attorney-General's Chambers of Singapore

AMLC Anti-Money Laundering Council (Philippines)

AMLO Anti-Money Laundering Office (Thailand)

APADOR-CH Association for the Defense of Human Rights in Romania – The Helsinki Committee (Romania)

APCAUCE Asia Pacific Coalition Against Unsolicited Commercial E-mail

APD Agencia de Protección de Datos (Data Protection Agency, Spain)

APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

API Advance Passenger Information

APIS Advanced Passenger Information System

APSIA Public Sector Information Act (Slovenia)

ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations

ASIO Australian Security Intelligence Organization (Australia)

ATCS Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001 (United Kingdom)

BDSG Bundesdatenschutzgesetz, (Federal Data Protection Law, Germany)

BELPIC Belgian Personal Identity Card

BfD Bundesbeauftragter für den Datenschutz (Federal Data Protection Commissioner, Germany)

BND Intelligence Service (Germany)

BPO Business Process Outsourcing

BSA Broadcasting Standards Authority (New Zealand)

BWIS Bundesgesetz über Massnahmen zur Wahrung der inneren Sicherheit (Switzerland)

CADA Commission for Access to Administrative Documents (Portugal)

CADA Commission d'accès aux documents administratifs (Commission for Access to Administrative Documents, France)

CALEA Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (United States)

CAN-SPAM" Act Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography and Marketing Act of 2003 (United States)

CAPPS II Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System (United States)

CBA Credit Bureau Association (South Africa)

CBP College Bescherming Persoonsgegevens (Data Protection Authority, Netherlands)

CBP Department of Homeland Security's Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (United States)

CCA Controller of Certifying Authorities (India)

CCA Computer Crimes Act (Malaysia)

  1. Cyber Crime Investigation Cell (India)

CCRA Canada Custom's and Revenue Agency

CCT Convention collective de travail (Belgium)

CCTV Closed Circuit Television

CEPIRS Centrales Privadas de Información de Riesgo (credit reporting agencies in Peru)

CIA Central Intelligence Agency (United States)

CMA Communications and Multimedia Act (Malaysia)

CMA Computer Misuse Act (Singapore)

CNCIS Commission nationale de contrôle des interceptions de sécurité (National Commission for the Control of Security Interceptions, France)

CNDP Commission nationale pour la protection des données (Data Protection Authority, Luxembourg)

CNIL Commission nationale de l'informatique et des libertés (Data Protection Authority, France)

CNPD Comissão Nacional de Protecção de Dados (National Data Protection Commission, Portugal).

CNPD Commission nationale pour la protection des données (National Commission for the Protection of Data, Luxembourg)

CoE Council of Europe

CONDUSEF Comisión Nacional para la Protección y Defensa de los Usuarios de Servicios Financieros (National Commission for the Protection and Defense of Users of Financial Services, Mexico)

COSATU Congress of South African Trade Unions

CPA Consumer Protection Act (Slovenia)

CPNI Customer Proprietary Network Information

CPR Computerized Patient Record (France)

CRIA Canadian Recording Industry Association

CRS Computerized Reservation System

CSP Communications Service Provider

CTAG Counter-Terrorism Action Group

DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (United States)

DAS Administrative Department of Security (Colombia)

DHS Department of Homeland Security (United States)

DIB Datainspektionen (Data Inspection Board, Sweden)

DNPDP Dirección Nacional de Protección de Datos Personales (National Directorate for the Protection of Personal Data, Argentina)

DOD Department of Defense (United States)

DOJ Department of Justice (United States)

DOT Department of Transportation (United States)

DPA Data Protection Authority

DPB Data Protection Board (Finland)

DPC Data Protection Commissioner (Ireland)

DPI Data Protection Inspectorate (Estonia)

DPO Data Protection Ombudsman (Finland)

DRE Direct Recording Electronic

DSA Digital Signatures Act (South Korea)

DSG Datenschutzgesetz (Austria)

DVLA Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (United Kingdom)

DVR Datenverarbeitungsregister (Austria)

  1. European Community

ECHR European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

ECPA Electronic Communications Privacy Act (United States)

ECTA Electronic Communications and Transactions Act (South Africa)

ECtHR European Court of Human Rights

EDSB Federal Data Protection Commissioner (Switzerland)

EGAA Electronic Government Activities Act (Malaysia)

EJPD Departement of Justice and Police (Switzerland)

EKAM Single Register Code Number (Greece)

ENUM Electronic Numbering

EPIC Electronic Privacy Information Center

EPID Einheitlicher Personenidentifikator (unique ID number, Switzerland)

EPPA Employee Polygraph Protection Act (United States)

ERP Electronic Road Pricing (Singapore)

ETA Electronic Transactions Act (Jordan, Singapore)

ETA Electronic Transaction Act (Malaysia)

ETSI European Telecommunication Standardization Institute

  1. European Union

EUROPOL European Police Office

FAEC Framework on Electronic Commerce (South Korea)

FATF Financial Action Task Force

FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation (United States)

FCC Federal Communications Commission (United States)

FCRA Fair Credit Reporting Act (United States)

FDA Food and Drug Administration (United States)

Fedpol Federal police (Switzerland)

FERPA Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (United States)

FINEID Finnish national ID card

FIPR Foundation for Information Policy Research (United Kingdom)

FISA Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (United States)

FISCR Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court of Review United States)

FLTAIPG Ley Federal de Transparencia y Acceso a la Información Pública Gubernamental (Federal Law of Transparency and Access to Public Governmental Information, Mexico)

FNAEG Fichier national automatisé des empreintes génétiques (National Computerized File of Genetic Data, France)

FOI Freedom of Information

FOIA Freedom of Information Act (United States)

FSB Federal Security Service (Russia)

FTC Federal Trade Commission (United States)

GAO General Accounting Office (United States)

Garante Garante per la Protezione dei Dati Personali (Supervisory Authority for Personal Data Protection, Italy)

GCHQ Government Communications Headquarters (United Kingdom)

GCSB Government Communications Security Bureau (United Kingdom)

GDS Global Distribution System

GILC Global Internet Liberty Campaign

GNP Grand National Party (South Korea)

GNSO Generic Names Supporting Organization

GPCL General Principles of Criminal Law (China)

GPDel Geschäftsprüfungsdelegation (Controlling Delegation of the Federal Parliament, Switzerland)

GPG GNU Privacy Guard

gTLDs generic Top Level Domains

GUID Globally Unique Identifier

HMIS Homeless Management Information Systems" (United States)

HRC Human Rights Commission (South Africa)

HUD Department of Housing and Urban Development (United States)

IATA International Air Transportation Association

  1. Integrated circuit

ICAC Independent Commission Against Corruption (Hong Kong)

ICANN Internet Election for Assigned Names and Numbers

ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization

ICCPR International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

ICESCR International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

ICPs Internet Content Providers

ICTs Information and Communication Technologies

IDA Info-Communications Development Authority (Singapore)

IDRBT Institute of Development and Research in Banking Technology (India)

IETF Internet Engineering Task Force

IFAI Federal Institute of Access to Public Information (Mexico)

IFG Informationsfreiheitsgesetz (Freedom of Information Act, Germany)

IFJ International Federation of Journalists

ILETS International Law Enforcement Telecommunications Seminar

ILO International Labor Organization

IPRL Internet Provider Responsibility Law of 2001 (Japan).

ISA Internal Security Act (Malaysia)

ISO International Standards Organization

ISP Internet Service Provider

ITECC Information Technology and E-Commerce Council

ITU International Telecommunications Union

JIPDEC Japan Information Processing Development Center

KGB Komitet gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti (Committee for State Security, Russia)

KISA Korea Information Security Agency (South Korea)

LAD Interior Ministry's Local Administration Department (Thailand)

LAN Local Area Network

LDH Ligue des droits de l'homme (Human Rights League, France)

LEN Loi pour la confiance dans l'économie numérique (Digital Economy Law, France)

LFTAIPG Federal Law of Transparency and Access to the Government Public Information (Mexico)

LGT General Telecommunications Law (Spain)

LIPPI Law on Information, Informatization and the Protection of Information (Russia)

LOPD Ley Orgánica de Protección de Datos (Data Protection Act, Spain)

LORTAD Ley Orgánica de Regulación del Tratamiento Automatizado de los Datos de carácter personal (Data Protection Act, Spain)

LPD Loi fédérale sur la protection des données (Federal Act of Data Protection of 1992, Switzerland)

LPDUSF Ley de Protección y Defensa Al Usuario de Servicios Financieros (Law for the Protection and Defense of the User of Financial Services, Mexico)

LPDP Law for the Protection of Personal Data (Argentina)

LPPD Law for the Protection of Personal Data

LPPDP Law on the Protection of Personal Data Protection (Poland)

LPPLSI Loi sur la société de l'information (Law on the Information Society, France)

LSI Law sur la société de l'information (Law on the Information Society, France)

LSQ Loi sur la Sécurité Quotidienne (Daily Safety Law, France)

LSSI Law of Information Society Services and Electronic Commerce (Spain)

MAS Monetary Authority of Singapore

MATRIX Multistate Anti-TerRrorism Information exchange (United States)

MCOCA Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act (India)

MDA Media Development Authority (Singapore)

METI Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (Japan)

MIA Ministry of Internal Affairs (Ukraine)

MIB Military Intelligence Bureau (Taiwan)

MIC Ministry of Information and Communication (South Korea)

MITI Ministry of International Trade and Industry (Japan)

MMS Multimedia MeSsaging

MOGAHA Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs (South Korea)

MOJ Ministry of Justice (Japan)

MPT Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications (Japan)

MRTDs Machine-Readable Travel Documents

MSZP Magyar Szocialista Párt (Hungarian Socialist Party, Hungary)

MTS Mobile Telesystems (Russia)

NAASCOM National Association of Software and Service Companies (India)

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration (United States)

NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NCIC National Crime Information Center (United States)

NCNA New China News Agency (Hong Kong)

NEIS National Education Information System (South Korea)

NGO Non-Governmental Organization

NHRC National Human Rights Commission (South Korea)

NIA National Intelligence Agency (South Africa, Thailand)

NIS National Intelligence Service (South Korea)

NITC National Information Technology Committee (Thailand)

NITDA National Information Technology Development Agency (Nigeria)

NPPs National Privacy Principles (Australia)

NRCC National Regulatory Commission for Communication (Ukraine)

NSA National Security Agency (United States)

NSEERS National Security Entry-Exit Registration System (United States)

NSO National SIGINT Organization (Netherlands)

NSP National Security Police (Estonia)

NSS National Security Service (Bulgaria, Hungary)

NSW New South Wales

NZSIS New Zealand Security Intelligence Service

OCC Office of the Information Commissioner (Canada)

OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OIA Operational Investigative Act (Ukraine)

OIC Official Information Commission (Thailand)

OMB Office of Management and Budget (United States)

ONS Object Name Service

OPTA Onafhankelijke Post en Telecommunicatie Autoriteit (Independent Post and Telecommunications Authority, Netherlands)

OSCE Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

PAIA Promotion of Access to Information Act (South Africa)

PASOK Panhellenic Socialist Movement (Greece)

PCO Privacy Commissioner's Office (Hong Kong)

PDA Personal Data Act (Norway, Sweden)

PDPA Personal Data Protection Act (Bulgaria, Estonia, Finland, Netherlands, Slovenia)

PESEL Electronic Census System (Poland)

PET Privacy Enhancing Technology

PGP Pretty Good Privacy

PIA Privacy Impact Assessment

PIN Personal Identification Number

PIPEDA Personal Information and Electronic Documents Act (Canada)

PISA Privacy Incorporated Software Agents

PISCES Personal Identification Security Comparison System (Philippines)

PKI Public Key Infrastructures

PNR Passenger Name Record

POT Norwegian Security Police

POTA Prevention of Terrorism Act (India)

PPSN Personal Public Service Number (Ireland)

PRC People's Republic of China

PRODAT Agencia para la Protección de Datos Personales (Agency for the Protection of Personal Data, Costa Rica)

PSB The Public Service Broker (Ireland)

PSC Public Services Card (Ireland)

PUL Swedish Personuppgiftslag (Personal Data Act, Sweden)

RCMP Royal Canadian Mounted Police

RBI Royal Bank of India

RFID Radio Frequency Identification

RIPA Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 (United Kingdom)

RRNS Resident Registry Network System (Japan)

SAHA South African History Archive

SAR Special Administrative Region" (Hong Kong)

SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

SBA Singapore Broadcasting Authority

SBB Swiss Federal Railway company

SBU National Security Service (Ukraine)

SDF Self Defense Forces (Japan)

SDV National Security Service (Slovenia)

SEVIS Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (United States)

SFV Schweiz. Fussballverband SFV (Swiss Football Association SFV)

SID Special Investigation Division (Thailand)

SIGINT Signals Intelligence

SII Integrated Informational System (Romania)

SIM Subscriber Identity Module

SIN Servicio de Inteligencia Nacional (National Intelligence Service, Peru)

SIS Schengen Information System

SIS Security Intelligence Service (New Zealand)

SISAA Slovenian Intelligence and Security Agency Act

SISPA Slovenian ISP Association

SND Strategischer Nachrichtendienst (Strategic Intelligence Agency, Switzerland)

SORM System of Operative Investigative Activities (Russia)

SOVA Slovenian Intelligence and Security Agency

SPPO Supreme Public Prosecutor's Office (South Korea)

SSU Secret Service Unit (Ukraine)

StB Czech Secret Police

STS Le Service des Tâches Spéciales, Agency of Special Services (Switzerland)

TACD Trans Atlantic Consumer Dialogue

TADA Terrorists And Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act (India)

TAS Telecommunications Authority of Singapore

TEL Telecommunications Working Group

TFN Tax File Number

TIA Total Information Awareness (United States)

TOT Telephone Organization of Thailand

TRIPs Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

TSA Transportation Security Administration (United States)

TSPs Telecommunication Service Providers

TWIC Transportation Worker Identification Credential (United States)

UCE Unsolicited Commercial E-mail

  1. United Kingdom
  2. United Nations

UNCITRAL United Nations Commission on International Trade Law

UNESCO United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization

US-VISIT United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology (United States)

WP29 Article 29 Working Group (European Commission)

WSIS World Summit on the Information Society

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