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ICTR: Selected Bibliography
See also: “International Criminal Justice – Selected Bibliography” [available at: http://www.pict-pcti.org/research/int_crim_jst/bibliographies/International_Criminal_Justice.doc]
Adelman, Howard Suhrke, Astri, The Path of a
Akhavan, Payam, “Beyond Impunity: Can International Criminal Justice Prevent Future Atrocities?,” American Journal of International Law, v. 95 no. 1 (Jan. 2001), pp. 7-31.
T. Meron, W. H. Parks and P. Viseur-Sellers, “The
Contribution of the Ad Hoc Tribunals to International Humanitarian Law,”
“Justice and Reconciliation in the Great Lakes Region
of Africa: The Contribution of the International Criminal Tribunal for
“The International Criminal Tribunal for
Alvarez, Jose, “Crimes of States/Crimes of
Hate: Lessons from
Arbour, Louise, “The International Tribunals
for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law in the Former
“History and Future of the International Criminal
Tribunals for the Former
Askin, Kelly D., “Judgments Rendered in 1999 by
the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former
— “Sexual Violence in Decisions and Indictments of the Yugoslav and Rwandan Tribunals: Current Status,” American Journal of International Law, v. 93 no. 1 (Jan. 1999), pp. 92-123.
Bang-Jensen, Nina, T. Gjelten, R. Gutman, I.
Nizich, and T. Warrick, “Tribunal Justice: The Challenges, the Record, and the
Barnett, M.N., (
Bassiouni, Cherif M., “From Versaille to
Beresford, Stuart, “Redressing the Wrongs of the International Justice System: Compensation for Persons Erroneously Detained, Prosecuted, or Convicted by the Ad Hoc Tribunals,” American Journal of International Law, v. 96 no. 3 (July 2002), pp. 628-46.
“In Pursuit of International Justice: The First
Four-year Term of the International Criminal Tribunal for
Boelaert-Suominen, Sonja, “Prosecuting
Superiors for Crimes Committed by Subordinates: A
Discussion of the First Significant Case Law since the Second World War,” Virginia Journal of International Law, v. 41 no. 4 (Summer 2001), pp. 747-85.
Bradley, Evelyn, “In Search for Justice—A Truth
and Reconciliation Commission for
Bugingo, Francois, “
Bucyana, James, “The International Penal Tribunal
Carcano, Andrea, “Sentencing and the Gravity of the Offence in International Criminal Law,” The International & Comparative Law Quarterly, v. 51 (July 2002), pp. 585-609.
Carroll, Christina M., “An Assessment of the
Role and Effectiveness of the International Criminal Tribunal for
Cervoni, Rocco P., “Beating Plowshares into
Swords—Reconciling the Sovereign Right to Self-determination with Individual
through an International Criminal Court: The Lessons of the Former
Cisse, Catherine, “The International Tribunals
for the Former Yugoslavia and
Copelon, Rhonda, “Gender Crimes as War Crimes:
Integrating Crimes against Women
into International Criminal Law,” McGill Law Journal, v. 46 no. 1 (Nov. 2000) pp. 217-40.
Cousineau, Marc, “L'Etablissement
De L’Etat De Droit Au
Daly, Erin, “Between Punitive and
Reconstructive Justice: The Gacaca Courts in
Dieng, Adama, “International Criminal Justice:
From Paper to Practice—A Contribution from the International Criminal Tribunal
Dormann, Knut, “Contributions by the Ad Hoc
Tribunals for the Former
Drumbl, Mark A., “Appeals in the Ad Hoc International Criminal Tribunals: Structure, Procedure, and Recent Cases, Journal of Appellate Practice and Process, v. 3 no. 2 (Fall 2001), pp. 589-659.
“Punishment, Postgenocide: From Guilt to Shame
to Civis in
Endo, Guillaume, “,” Revue Quebecoise de Droit International, v. 15 no. 1 (2002) p. 205-20
Fabian, Kellye L., “Proof and Consequences: An
Analysis of the Tadic [Prosecutor v.
Tadic,  36 I.L.M. 908] & Akayesu [Prosecutor v. Akayesu, Case No. ICTR-96-4-T (Sept. 2, 1998)] trials,” DePaul Law Review, v. 49, no. 4 (Summer 2000), pp. 981-1039.
Feil, Scott & Romeo Dallaire, Preventing
Genocide: How the Early Use of Force Might Have Succeeded in
Furuya, S., “Legal Effect of Rules of the
International Criminal Tribunals and Court upon Individuals: Emerging International
of Direct Effect,”
Goldstone, Richard, For Humanity:
Reflections of a War Crimes Investigator (
— “Conference Luncheon Address [Prosecuting International Crimes: An Inside View: Symposium],” Transnational Law & Contemporary Problems, v. 7 (Spring 1997), pp. 1-13.
Gordon, Melissa, “Justice on Trial: The Efficacy
of the International Criminal Tribunal for
Green, Llezlie L., “Gender Hate Propaganda and
Sexual Violence in the Rwandan Genocide: An Argument for Intersectionality in
Gunawaradana, Asoka de Z., “Contributions by
the International Criminal Tribunal for
Haile-Mariam, Yacob, “The Quest for Justice and
Reconciliation: The International Criminal Tribunal for
Harhoff, Frederik, “Consonance or Rivalry? Calibrating the Efforts to Prosecute War Crimes in National and International Tribunals,” Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law v. 7 (Spring 1997), pp. 571-96.
Hintjens, Hellen M., “Explaining the 1994 Genocide
Howland, Todd, “U.N.’s International Criminal
Tribunal, is it Justice or Jingoism for
“The U.N.’s International Criminal Tribunal, is it Justice
or Jingoism for
Jones, J. R. W. D., The Practice of the
International Criminal Tribunals for the Former
Jorgensen, Nina H.B., “A Reappraisal of the Abandoned
Kamatali, Jean Marie, “Freedom of Expression and its Limitations: The Case of the Rwandan Genocide,” Stanford Journal of International Law, v. 38 no. 1 (Winter 2002), pp. 57-77.
Keller, Andrew N., “Punishment for Violations
of International Criminal Law: An Analysis of Sentencing at the ICTY and ICTR,”
Kimenyi, Alexandre & Scott, Otis L., Anatomy
of Genocide: State-sponsored Mass-killings in the Twentieth Century (
Kolb, Robert, “The Jurisprudence of the Yugoslav and Rwandan Criminal Tribunals on Their Jurisdiction and on International Crimes,” The British Year Book of International Law, v. 71 (2000), pp. 259-315.
Kuperman, Alan J., (Brookings Institution Press, 2001)
Kushen, Robert & K. J. Harris, “Surrender of Fugitives by
the United States to the War Crimes
Tribunals for Yugoslavia and Rwanda,” American Journal of International Law, v. 90 (July 1996), pp. 510-18.
Latarjet, Bernard, Le crime contre l'humanité: origine, état et avenir du droit (Chambéry: Éditions Comp’Act, 1998)
Laviolette, Nicole, “Commanding Rape: Sexual Violence,
Command Responsibility, and the Prosecution of Superiors by the International
Criminal Tribunals for the Former
Lyons, Margaret A., “Hearing the Cry without Answering
the Call: Rape, Genocide, and the Rwandan Tribunal”,
Magnarella, Paul J., “Some Milestones and Achievements
at the International Criminal Tribunal for
Magnarella, Paul J., “Expanding the Frontiers
of Humanitarian Law: The International Criminal Tribunal for
Maguire, Linda, “Power Ethnicized: The Pursuit
of Protection and Participation in
Marlin, L. Christian, “Lesson Unlearned: The
Unjust Revolution in
May, Richard & Marieke Wierda, International
Criminal Evidence (
McDonald, Gabrielle Kirk, “Los Tribunales
Criminales Internacionales: Crimen y Castigo en el
ambito Internacional,” ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law, v. 7, no. 3 (Summer 2001) pp. 805-26.
— “,” Nova Law Review, v. 25 no. 2 (Winter 2001) pp. 463-84
— “The International Criminal Tribunals: Crime and Punishment in the International Arena,” ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law, v. 7, no. 3 (Summer 2001), pp. 667-86.
“Crimes of Sexual Violence: The Experience of the
International Criminal Tribunal,”
Megret, Frédéric, Le Tribunal Penal
International pour le
Meron, Theodor, “International Criminalization of Internal Atrocities,” American Journal of International Law, v. 89 (July 1995), pp. 554-77.
Mettraux, Guenael, “Crimes against Humanity in
the Jurisprudence of the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former
Metzl, Jamie Frederic, “Rwandan Genocide and the International Law of Radio Jamming,” American Journal of International Law, v. 91 (Oct. 1997), pp. 628-51.
Chiedu, “Image and Reality of War Cimes Justice: External Perceptions of the
International Criminal Tribunal for
Momeni, Mercedeh, “Why Barayagwiza is Boycotting His Trial at the ICTR: Lessons in Balancing Due Process Rights and Politics,” ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law, v. 7 no. 2 (Spring 2001) pp. 315-28.
Morris, Madeline H.,
“Justice in the Wake of Genocide: The Case of
“The Trials of Concurrent Jurisdiction: The Case of
Muna, Bernard, “The
Mundis, Daryl A., “Improving the Operation and Functioning of the International Criminal Tribunals,” American Journal of International Law, v. 94 no. 4 (Oct. 2000) pp. 759-73.
Murphy, Sarah, “The
Murray, Rachel, “The Report of the OAU’s
International Panel of Eminent Personalities to Investigate the 1994 Genocide
Mutua, Makau wa, “Never Again: Questioning the
Nahapetian, Kate, “Selective Justice: Prosecuting
Rape in the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former
Neier, Aryeh, (Times Books, 1998)
Nersessian, David L., “The Contours of
Genocidal Intent: Troubling Jurisprudence from the International Criminal
Niang, N. M., “Les obligations du Procureur face à la défense devant le Tribunal pénal international pour le Rwanda,” 2 Revue de Science Criminelle et de Droit Pénal Comparé 277 (2001)
— “Le tribunal pénal international pour le Rwanda—et si la contumace était possible!”, 2 Revue Générale de Droit International Public 379 (1999)
Nsereko, D.D. Ntanda, “Genocidal Conflict in
Obote-Odora, Alex, “Drafting of Indictments for
the International Criminal Tribunal for
Osiel, Mark, (Transaction Publishers, 1997)
Oswald, B., “Peacekeeping in
Paskins, Barrie & James Gow, “The Creation of the International Tribunals from the Perspectives of Pragmatism, Realism, and Liberalism,” International Relations, v. 15, no. 3 (Dec. 2000), p. 11.
Peacock, Dorinda Lea, ““It Happened and It Can
Happen Again”: The International Response to Genocide in
Pillay, Navanethem, “Prosecution of War
Criminals: The International Tribunals for the Former
Popoff, Evo, “Inconsistency and Impunity in
International Human Rights Law: Can the International Criminal Court Solve the
Raised by the
Power, Samantha, (Basic Books, 2002)
Prinz, Barrett, “The Treaty of
Reydams, Luc. “,” American Journal of International Law v. 96 no. 1 (January 2002) p. 231-
Rosenblum, Peter, “,” Harvard Human Rights Journal v. 10 (Spring 1997), pp. 313-31.
Sapru, Tara, “Into the Heart of Darkness: The
Case against the Foray of the Security Council Tribunal into the Rwandan Crisis,”
Sarkin, Jeremy, “The Tension between Justice
and Reconciliation in
Schabas, William A., “Hate Speech in
— “Perverse Effects of the Nulla Poena Principle: National Practice and the Ad Hoc Tribunals,” European Journal of International Law, v. 11 no. 3 (Sept. 2000), pp. 521-39.
“Groups Protected by the Genocide Convention:
Conflicting Interpretations from the International Criminal Tribunal for
— “Sentencing by International Tribunals: A Human Rights Approach,” Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law v. 7 (Spring 1997), pp. 461-517.
Viseur, “Arriving at
Sennett Peter H., The United Nations and
— & G. P. Noone, “Working with Rwanda toward the Domestic Prosecution of Genocide Crimes, St. John’s Journal of Legal Commentary, v. 12 no. 2 (Spring 1997), pp. 425-47.
Shawcross, William, (Simon & Schuster, 2000)
Shraga, Daphna, “International Criminal
Smith, Shawn, “The International Criminal
Brenda Sue, “International Tribunal for
Tiefenbrun, Susan W., “The Paradox of
International Adjudication: Developments in the International Criminal
Tribunals for the Former
Tracol, Xavier, “The Appeals Chambers of the International Criminal Tribunals,” Criminal Law Forum, v. 12 no. 2 (2001), pp. 137-65.
Twagilimana, Aimable, Hutu and Tutsi (New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, 1998)
United States Department of State, “Human Rights:
Department of State Legal Analysis of 1994 Genocide in
Van der Vyver, Johan D., “Prosecution and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide,” Fordham International Law Journal, v. 23 no. 2 (Dec. 1999), pp. 286-356.
Van Lierop, Robert F., “
Verdirame, Guglielmo, “The Genocide Definition in the Jurisprudence of the Ad Hoc Tribunals,” The International & Comparative Law Quarterly, v. 49, no. 3 (July 2000), pp. 578-98.
Von Sternberg, Mark R., “A Comparison of the
Yugoslavian and Rwandan War Crimes Tribunals: Universal Jurisdiction and the
Dictates of Humanity’,”
Wallach, Evan J., “Extradition to the Rwandan War Crimes Tribunal: Is Another Treaty Required?,” 3 UCLA Journal of International Law & Foreign Affairs 59 (1998-1999)
Wang, Mariann Meier, “The International
Wladimiroff, M., “The Assignment of Defence Counsel
before the International Criminal Tribunal for
Zakr, N., “Analyse spécifique du crime de génocide dans le Tribunal pénal international pour le Rwanda,” 2 Revue de Science Criminelle et de Droit Pénal Comparé 263 (2001)
— “L'imputabilité des faits et actes criminels des subalternes au supérieur hiérarchique devant le Tribunal pénal international pour le Rwanda,” 1 Revue de Droit Interntional et de Droit Comparé 51 (2001)
Data obtained from the Project on International Courts and Tribunals (PICT)