The governments signatory hereto, being members of the Council of Europe,
Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is to achieve a greater unity between
its members for the purpose, among others,
of safeguarding and realising the ideals and
principles which are their common heritage;
Considering that the achievement of this aim would be furthered by a greater understanding
of one another among the peoples of Europe;
Considering that for these purposes it is desirable not only to conclude bilateral
cultural conventions between members of the Council
but also to pursue a policy of common
action designed to safeguard and encourage the development of European culture;
Having resolved to conclude a general European Cultural Convention designed to foster
among the nationals of all members, and of
such other European States as may accede
thereto, the study of the languages, history and civilisation of the others and of the
civilisation which is common to them all,
Have agreed as follows:
Each Contracting Party shall take appropriate measures to safeguard and to encourage
the development of its national contribution
to the common cultural heritage of Europe.
Each Contracting Party shall, insofar as may be possible:
- encourage the study by its own nationals of the languages, history and civilisation of
the other Contracting Parties and grant
facilities to those Parties to promote such
studies in its territory; and
- endeavour to promote the study of its language or languages, history and civilisation in
the territory of the other Contracting
Parties and grant facilities to the nationals of
those Parties to pursue such studies in its territory.
The Contracting Parties shall consult with one another within the framework of the
Council of Europe with a view to concerted action
in promoting cultural activities of
Each Contracting Party shall, insofar as may be possible, facilitate the movement and
exchange of persons as well as of objects
of cultural value so that Articles 2 and 3 may
Each Contracting Party shall regard the objects of European cultural value placed under
its control as integral parts of the common
cultural heritage of Europe, shall take
appropriate measures to safeguard them and shall ensure reasonable access thereto.
- Proposals for the application of the provisions of the present Convention and questions
relating to the interpretation thereof
shall be considered at meetings of the Committee of
Cultural Experts of the Council of Europe.
- Any State not a member of the Council of Europe which has acceded to the present
Convention in accordance with the provisions
of paragraph 4 of Article 9 may appoint a
representative or representatives to participate in the meetings provided for in the
- The conclusions reached at the meetings provided for in paragraph 1 of this article
shall be submitted in the form of recommendations
to the Committee of Ministers of the
Council of Europe, unless they are decisions which are within the competence of the
Committee of Cultural Experts as relating to matters of an administrative nature which do
not entail additional expenditure.
- The Secretary General of the Council of Europe shall communicate to the members of the
Council and to the government of any State
which has acceded to the present Convention any
decisions relevant thereto which may be taken by the Committee of Ministers or
Committee of Cultural Experts.
- Each Contracting Party shall notify the Secretary General of the Council of Europe in
due course of any action which may be taken
by it for the application of the provisions of
the present Convention consequent on the decisions of the Committee of Ministers
or of the
Committee of Cultural Experts.
- In the event of certain proposals for the application of the present Convention being
found to interest only a limited number
of the Contracting Parties, such proposals may be
further considered in accordance with the provisions of Article 7, provided
implementation entails no expenditure by the Council of Europe.
If, in order to further the aims of the present Convention, two or more Contracting
Parties desire to arrange meetings at the seat
of the Council of Europe other than those
specified in paragraph 1 of Article 6, the Secretary General of the Council shall afford
them such administrative assistance as they may require.
Nothing in the present Convention shall be deemed to affect:
- the provisions of any existing bilateral cultural convention to which any of the
Contracting Parties may be signatory or to
render less desirable the conclusion of any
further such convention by any of the Contracting Parties, or
- the obligation of any person to comply with the laws and regulations in force in the
territory of any Contracting Party concerning
the entry, residence and departure of
- The present Convention shall be open to the signature of the members of the Council of
Europe. It shall be ratified, and the instruments
of ratification shall be deposited with
the Secretary General of the Council of Europe.
- As soon as three signatory governments have deposited their instruments of ratification,
the present Convention shall enter into
force as between those governments.
- With respect to each signatory government ratifying subsequently, the Convention shall
enter into force on the date of deposit
of its instrument of ratification.
- The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe may decide, by a unanimous vote, to
invite, upon such terms and conditions
as it deems appropriate, any European State which
is not a member of the Council to accede to the present Convention. Any State
may accede by depositing its instrument of accession with the Secretary General of the
Council of Europe. Such
accession shall take effect on the date of receipt of the said
- The Secretary General of the Council of Europe shall notify all members of the Council
and any acceding States of the deposit
of all instruments of ratification and accession.
Any Contracting Party may specify the territories to which the provisions of the
present Convention shall apply by addressing to
the Secretary General of the Council of
Europe a declaration which shall be communicated by the latter to all the other
- Any Contracting Party may denounce the present Convention at any time after it has been
in force for a period of five years by
means of a notification in writing addressed to the
Secretary General of the Council of Europe, who shall inform the other Contracting
- Such denunciation shall take effect for the Contracting Party concerned six months after
the date on which it is received by the
Secretary General of the Council of Europe.
In witness whereof the undersigned, duly authorised thereto by their respective
governments, have signed the present Convention.
Done at Paris this 19th day of December 1954, in the English and French languages, both
texts being equally authoritative, in
a single copy which shall remain deposited in the
archives of the Council of Europe. The Secretary General shall transmit certified
to each of the signatory and acceding governments.