The member States of tChe Council of Europe, signatory hereto,
Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is to achieve a greater unity between
its members for the purpose, among others,
of facilitating their social progress and
promoting the social well-being of their populations by means of appropriate action;
Having regard to the Conventions furthering this purpose already concluded within the
framework of the Council, in particular the
European Social Charter, signed on 18th
October 1961, and the European Convention on Establishment, signed on 13th December 1955;
Being convinced that the conclusion of a regional Agreement on the harmonisation of the
instruction and education of nurses will
promote social progress and guarantee the
standard of the nurses required for their establishment in the territory of other
Parties on an equal footing with those countries' nationals;
Considering it necessary to lay down minimal standards,
Have agreed as follows:
- Each Contracting Party shall apply or, if the education of nurses is not under its
direct control, recommend the competent authority
to apply the provisions governing the
instruction and education of nurses set out in Annex I to this Agreement.
- For the purpose of this Agreement, nurses shall be intended to include only
"general trained nurses", male or female.
Those nurses whose training is solely
within the field of public health, infants' and sick children's nursing, obstetrics or
mental health are excluded.
Each Contracting Party shall communicate to the Secretary General of the Council of
Europe a list of its authorities or other bodies
authorised to certify the accomplishment
of a nurse's instruction and education satisfying at least the standards laid down in
Annex I to this Agreement.
- After the entry into force of this Agreement in accordance with Article 5, the Committee
of Ministers of the Council of Europe
sitting with its membership limited to the
representatives of the Contracting Parties, shall be responsible for the further
elaboration of the regulations contained in Annex I to this Agreement in accordance with
the current developments in this
- Any modification or extension of the regulations contained in Annex I unanimously
approved by the Committee of Ministers referred
to in the preceding paragraph shall be
communicated by the Secretary General of the Council of Europe to the Contracting Parties
and shall enter into force three months after the date on which the Secretary General is
notified by the Contracting Parties
of their approval of the modification or extension.
- This Agreement shall be open to signature by the member States of the Council of Europe,
who may become Parties to it either by:
- signature without reservation in respect of ratification or acceptance, or
- signature with reservation in respect of ratification or acceptance, followed by
ratification or acceptance.
- Instruments of ratification or acceptance shall be deposited with the Secretary General
of the Council of Europe.
- This Agreement shall enter into force three months after the date on which three member
States of the Council shall have become
Parties to the Agreement, in accordance with the
provisions of Article 4.
- As regards any member States who shall subsequently sign the Agreement without
reservation in respect of ratification or acceptance
or who shall ratify or accept it, the
Agreement shall enter into force three months after the date of such signature or after
the date of deposit of the instrument of ratification or acceptance.
- After the entry into force of this Agreement, the Committee of Ministers of the Council
of Europe may invite any non-member State
to accede thereto.
- Such accession shall be effected by depositing with the Secretary General of the Council
of Europe an instrument of accession
which shall take effect three months after the date
of its deposit.
- Any Contracting Party may, at the time of signature or when depositing its instrument of
ratification, acceptance or accession,
declare that it avails itself of one or more of the
reservations provided for in Annex II to this Agreement.
- Any Contracting Party may wholly or partly withdraw a reservation it has made in
accordance with the foregoing paragraph by means
of a declaration addressed to the
Secretary General of the Council of Europe, which shall become effective as from the date
of its receipt.
The annexes shall be an integral part of this Agreement.
- Any Contracting Party may at the time of signature or when depositing its instrument of
ratification, acceptance or accession,
specify the territory or territories to which this
Agreement shall apply.
- Any Contracting Party may, when depositing its instrument of ratification, acceptance or
accession or at any later date by declaration
addressed to the Secretary General of the
Council of Europe, extend this agreement to any other territory or territories specified
in the declaration and for whose international relations it is responsible or on whose
behalf it is authorised to give undertakings.
- Any declaration made in pursuance of the preceding paragraph may, in respect of any
territory mentioned in such declaration, be
withdrawn according to the procedure laid down
in Article 10 of this Agreement.
- This Agreement shall remain in force indefinitely.
- Any Contracting Party may, in so far as it is concerned, denounce this Agreement by
means of a notification addressed to the Secretary
General of the Council of Europe.
- Such denunciation shall take effect six months after the date of receipt by the
Secretary General of such notification.
The Secretary General of the Council of Europe shall notify the member States of the
Council and any State which has acceded to
this Agreement of:
- any signature without reservation in respect of ratification or acceptance;
- any signature with reservation in respect of ratification or acceptance;
- the deposit of any instrument of ratification, acceptance or accession;
- any date of entry into force of the modifications or extensions referred to in Article
- any date of entry into force of this Agreement in accordance with Article 5;
- any communication received in pursuance of the provisions of Article 2;
- any notification received in pursuance of the provisions of Article 7;
- any declaration received in pursuance of the provisions of Article 9;
- any notification received in pursuance of the provisions of Article 10 and the date on
which denunciation takes effect.
In witness whereof the undersigned, being duly authorised thereto, have signed this
Done at Strasbourg, this 25th day of October 1967, in English and French, both texts being
equally authoritative, in a single copy
which shall remain deposited in the archives of
the Council of Europe. The Secretary General of the Council of Europe shall transmit
certified copies to each of the signatory and acceding States.
Annex I Minimal standards for the instruction and education
Chapter I Definition of the functions of general trained
- The general trained nurse exercises in conformity with the national legislation the
following essential functions:
- giving skilled nursing care to persons as required in accordance with the physical,
emotional and spiritual needs of the patient,
whether that care is given in health
institutions, homes, schools, places of work;
- observing physical and emotional situations and conditions which have significant
bearing on health and communicating those
observations to other members of the health
- training and giving guidance to auxiliary personnel who are required to fulfil the
nursing service needs of all health agencies.
- This also involves an evaluation of the nursing needs of a particular patient and
assigning personnel in accordance with the needs
of that patient at a particular time.
Chapter II Educational standard required of candidates for
admission to schools of nursing
Candidates for admission to schools of nursing shall normally have reached a cultural
and intellectual standard equivalent to at
least that of the 10th year of general
education. They shall therefore either possess a recognised school certificate signifying
the completion of such general education, or must have passed an official entrance
examination of an equivalent standard.
Chapter III Duration and content of the educational
Nurses shall have a minimum of 4 600 hours basic nursing education. At least half the
total time shall be devoted to clinical instruction
(practical experience) (see B below).
However, the number of hours of theoretical and formal instruction (see A below) shall not
be less than one third of the total educational programme.
A Theoretical and formal instruction
Instruction shall include all aspects of nursing, as well as the prevention of
sickness, health education, rehabilitation, drug
action and administration of drugs and
problems of nutrition and dietetics, and also first aid, resuscitation and the theory of
Theory and practice shall be co-ordinated and integrated throughout the programme.
The subjects to be included in the curriculum may be grouped under two headings:
Professional orientation and ethics
General principles of health and nursing
Principles of nursing care in relation to:
general medicine and medical specialities
general surgery and surgical specialities
care of children and pediatrics
mental health and psychiatry
care of the aged and geriatrics.
2 Fundamental sciences
Anatomy and physiology
Bacteriology, virology, parasitology
Biophysics and biochemistry
principles of administration
principles of teaching
social and health legislation
legal aspects of nursing.
B Clinical instruction (practical experience)
Practical experience shall cover all aspects of the nurse's role, including the
prevention of sickness, health education, first
aid, resuscitation and blood transfusion.
It shall include:
General medicine and medical specialities
General surgery and surgical specialities
Care of children and pediatrics
Mental health and psychiatry (in a specialised service if
Care of the aged and geriatrics.
The following factors shall be taken into account in choosing such fields:
- The experience gained shall be of educational value. It is therefore necessary to have:
sufficient trained staff to ensure that the nursing care is satisfactory;
adequate and satisfactory physical facilities, equipment and supplies for the nursing
care of patients.
- In all departments or units to which student nurses are assigned during the practical
experience there shall be at all times at
least one qualified nurse to provide
supervision, and sufficient additional staff to ensure that the student does not undertake
tasks which have no nursing educational value.
- Qualified nurses in departments or units approved as fields of practical experience
shall assist in the supervision and instruction
of the students for whom the tutorial
staff is responsible.
Chapter IV Requirements for the organisation of the school
In order that the proposed schemes of nursing education may be adequately carried out,
the organisation and operation of the school
has to meet the following requirements:
A Administration of the school of nursing
The administration of the school shall be placed under the direction of a medical
practitioner or a nurse who is competent in teaching
B Teaching staff
The instruction shall be given by qualified teachers: doctors, nurses and specialists
in various disciplines. Each school should
have on its staff at least one qualified nurse
who has received training of at least one year's duration which qualified her in
teaching of nursing.
C School finances
The sum of money available to meet expenditure directly attributable to nurse training,
e.g. salaries of tutors and cost of teaching
equipment, should be clearly identifiable.
Chapter V Evidence of completion of the education programme
A school record shall be kept for each student, the authenticity of which would be
guaranteed by the competent authority stating:
details of courses attended
test and examination results
an appreciation of the personal and professional aptitudes revealed by the student in
of the studies.
The final examination shall comprise written, practical and oral tests, and its
successful result should be certificated.
Any Contracting Party may declare that it reserves the right:
- to derogate from the provisions of Chapter II of Annex I by providing that candidates
may have reached a cultural and intellectual
standard equivalent to eight years of general
- to derogate from the provisions of Chapter II of Annex I by providing that candidates
need not possess a recognised school certificate;
- to derogate from the provisions of Chapter III of Annex I by providing a number of hours
of theoretical and formal instruction
other than that referred to in that chapter;
- to derogate from the provisions of Chapter III of Annex I:
- by retaining as optional subjects in the curriculum and in practical training, maternity
care, mental health and psychiatry
and care of the aged and geriatrics, or
- by providing that clinical instruction shall not cover mental health and psychiatry.
I Minimum age required for admission to schools of nursing
No hard and fast minimum age for admission to a school of nursing should be laid down.
In countries where general education is included
in the programme, the age of entry may be
considerably lower than when such general education is regarded as a prerequisite.
Maturity also depends on social and climatic conditions.
In general, students should not come in contact with patients and with the hospital
atmosphere until an age varying from 17 to
19 according to the country.
II Educational standard required of candidates for admission
to schools of nursing (cf. Agreement, Annex I, Chapter II)
The duration of 10 years of general education is not obligatory if the educational
standard reached after a shorter duration has
an equivalent cultural and intellectual
III Duration and content of educational programme (cf.
Agreement, Annex I, Chapter III, first paragraph)
If the total number of hours of education are more than 4,600 the proportions indicated
need only be respected in relation to the
minimum number of hours.
IV Practical experience (cf. Agreement, Annex I, Chapter III,
- Fields of practical experience should be proposed by the director of the school and
approved by the competent authority of each
- Practical experience should be organised by the director of the school and placed under
the supervision of the tutorial staff
of the school.
- The provision No. 2, which requires the existence of "sufficient additional staff
to ensure that the student does not undertake
tasks which have no nursing educational
value", has the purpose of guaranteeing that the nursing students are not given
which does not enter into their field of education and which should be carried out by
- As far as possible the nurses mentioned under No. 3 should have received education in
teaching nursing and administration.
- The following factors should also be taken into consideration:
number of patients in the department or unit,
variety of clinical conditions presented by the patients,
efficiency of administration of the department or unit,
existence of programmes of in-service education for the nursing staff of the department
the maximum desirable number of students in the department or unit,
the teaching methods employed.
V Requirements for the organisation of the school of nursing
(cf. Agreement, Annex I, Chapter IV)
- Administration of the school of nursing
Administration of the school of nursing should normally have the support and advice of a
body composed of nurses trained
to give instruction and representatives of other
disciplines such as medicine, general education, administration and the social
- Teaching staff
There should be tutors responsible for the application of the co-ordination of theoretical
and practical instruction. Tutors
should be nurses prepared to give theoretical and
practical instruction and supervise practical experience. They should contribute
students' education and professional training. The number of tutors should be related to
the number of students in
order to ensure proper instruction and supervision. A proportion
of 15 students to each tutor is proposed.
- Facilities for the school of nursing
Adequate space should be available for the number of students in the school. The following
teaching facilities should be
provided: class and demonstration rooms, small rooms for
group work, library and laboratory. Individual office space should be
to the number of full-time administrative and teaching staff.
- Teaching equipment
Adequate equipment to enable modern methods of teaching to be used extensively should be
provided. Particular emphasis should
be placed on the availability of audio-visual aids.
VI Documents to be produced by the nurse
- A certificate (diploma or other document) authenticated by the government of the country
of issue or by the designated authority
in that country.
- An extract of the school record
his extract should comprise:
the nurse's civil status,
- Evidence of linguistic ability